How to format your references using the Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grayson, M., 2012. Psoriasis. Nature 492, S49.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gerstner, W., Naud, R., 2009. Neuroscience. How good are neuron models? Science 326, 379–380.
A journal article with 3 authors
Savill, J., Gregory, C., Haslett, C., 2003. Cell biology. Eat me or die. Science 302, 1516–1517.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wilson, R.J., Thomas, C.D., Fox, R., Roy, D.B., Kunin, W.E., 2004. Spatial patterns in species distributions reveal biodiversity change. Nature 432, 393–396.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ruppel, W., 2015. Wiley GAAP for Governments 2015. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Valentini, R., Miglietta, F. (Eds.), 2015. The Greenhouse Gas Balance of Italy: An Insight on Managed and Natural Terrestrial Ecosystems, Environmental Science and Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Suzuki, A., Raya, Á., Kawakami, Y., Morita, M., Matsui, T., Nakashima, K., Gage, F.H., Rodríguez-Esteban, C., Belmonte, J.C.I., 2009. Maintenance of Embryonic Stem Cell Pluripotency by Nanog-Mediated Dedifferentiation of Committed Mesoderm Progenitors, in: Rajasekhar, V.K., Vemuri, M.C. (Eds.), Regulatory Networks in Stem Cells. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp. 37–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. Underground Methane Is Making The Russian Tundra Wobble Like Jello [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. Reports Issued in June 1989 (No. 139191). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shabalin, A.A., 2010. Detection of low rank signals in noise and fast correlation mining with applications to large biological data (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M., Walsh, M.W., 2012. Leading Way, 2 Cities Pass Pension Cuts. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grayson, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Gerstner and Naud, 2009; Grayson, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gerstner and Naud, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Wilson et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleProgress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology
AbbreviationProg. Biophys. Mol. Biol.
ISSN (print)0079-6107
Molecular Biology

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