How to format your references using the Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kondro, W., 2000. CANADIAN UNIVERSITIES: Funding of 2000 Slots Sets Off Musical Chairs. Science 288, 2112.
A journal article with 2 authors
Silphaduang, U., Noga, E.J., 2001. Peptide antibiotics in mast cells of fish. Nature 414, 268–269.
A journal article with 3 authors
Singhal, N., Kumar, M., Virdi, J.S., 2014. Molecular analysis of β-lactamase genes to understand their differential expression in strains of Yersinia enterocolitica biotype 1A. Sci. Rep. 4, 5270.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, J., Bursten, B.E., Liang, B., Andrews, L., 2002. Noble gas-actinide compounds: complexation of the CUO molecule by Ar, Kr, and Xe atoms in noble gas matrices. Science 295, 2242–2245.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Willis, D.O., 2013. Business Basics for Dentists. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Giannotti, F., Pedreschi, D. (Eds.), 2008. Mobility, Data Mining and Privacy: Geographic Knowledge Discovery. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Najeeb, U., Mirza, M.Y., Jilani, G., Mubashir, A.K., Zhou, W.J., 2012. Sesame, in: Gupta, S.K. (Ed.), Technological Innovations in Major World Oil Crops, Volume 1: Breeding. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 131–145.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. NSFL: Botfly Removal From 5-Year-Old’s Eye [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2011. Financial Education and Counseling Pilot Program (No. GAO-11-737R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Andrews, A., 2013. Yoga as mental health treatment for cancer survivors: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marx, L., 2015. A Modern Marriage With Multiple Parts. New York Times ST17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kondro, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Kondro, 2000; Silphaduang and Noga, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Silphaduang and Noga, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleProgress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology
AbbreviationProg. Biophys. Mol. Biol.
ISSN (print)0079-6107
Molecular Biology

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