How to format your references using the Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, A., 2014. Cell biology: Potency unchained. Nature 505, 622–623.
A journal article with 2 authors
Deuker, M.M., McMahon, M., 2014. Cancer biology: Enzyme meets a surprise target. Nature 510, 225–226.
A journal article with 3 authors
Heeney, J.L., Dalgleish, A.G., Weiss, R.A., 2006. Origins of HIV and the evolution of resistance to AIDS. Science 313, 462–466.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Skryabin, D.V., Luan, F., Knight, J.C., Russell, P.S.J., 2003. Soliton self-frequency shift cancellation in photonic crystal fibers. Science 301, 1705–1708.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pakurar, A.S., Bigbee, J.W., 2005. Digital Histology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Badioze Zaman, H., Robinson, P., Petrou, M., Olivier, P., Shih, T.K., Velastin, S., Nyström, I. (Eds.), 2011. Visual Informatics: Sustaining Research and Innovations: Second International Visual Informatics Conference, IVIC 2011, Selangor, Malaysia, November 9-11, 2011, Proceedings, Part I, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Foelsch, P.A., Schlüter-Müller, S., Odom, A.E., Arena, H.T., Borzutzky, A.H., Schmeck, K., 2014. Diagnosis and Treatment Indications, in: Schlüter-Müller, S., Odom, A.E., Arena, H.T., Borzutzky H., A., Schmeck, K. (Eds.), Adolescent Identity Treatment: An Integrative Approach for Personality Pathology. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 39–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. The Loss Of Large Herbivores Can Alter Ecosystems For Thousands Of Years [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs: Distribution of Fiscal Year 2000 Indian Reservation Roads Funds (No. OGC-00-39). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Siani, J.M., 2009. Costs and benefits of cooperative infant care in wild golden lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia) (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S., 2004. “Seagull” Served 3 Ways On Russian Stage Menu. New York Times E3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Deuker and McMahon, 2014; Smith, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Deuker and McMahon, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Skryabin et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleProgress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology
AbbreviationProg. Biophys. Mol. Biol.
ISSN (print)0079-6107
ScopeBiophysics
Molecular Biology

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