How to format your references using the Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yellen, G., 2002. The voltage-gated potassium channels and their relatives. Nature 419, 35–42.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhou, J., Guo, L.J., 2014. Transition from a spectrum filter to a polarizer in a metallic nano-slit array. Sci. Rep. 4, 3614.
A journal article with 3 authors
Koenderink, A.F., Alù, A., Polman, A., 2015. Nanophotonics: shrinking light-based technology. Science 348, 516–521.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Behrenfeld, M.J., O’Malley, R.T., Siegel, D.A., McClain, C.R., Sarmiento, J.L., Feldman, G.C., Milligan, A.J., Falkowski, P.G., Letelier, R.M., Boss, E.S., 2006. Climate-driven trends in contemporary ocean productivity. Nature 444, 752–755.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wittcoff, H.A., Reuben, B.G., Plotkin, J.S., 2012. Industrial Organic Chemicals. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Hull, E., 2011. Requirements Engineering. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Ilg, P., Odenbach, S., 2009. Ferrofluid Structure and Rheology, in: Odenbach, Stefan (Ed.), Colloidal Magnetic Fluids: Basics, Development and Application of Ferrofluids, Lecture Notes in Physics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 1–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Plumes Of Enceladus Revealed In Incredible Cassini Flyby Images [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Air Traffic Control: Observations on FAA’s Air Traffic Control Modernization Program (No. T-RCED/AIMD-99-137). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schaff, S., 2013. What characterizes and impacts student transformational learning in a community college work placement context (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Sisario, B., 2017. ‘La La Land’ Music Jumps to No. 2. New York Times C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Yellen, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Yellen, 2002; Zhou and Guo, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhou and Guo, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Behrenfeld et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleProgress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology
AbbreviationProg. Biophys. Mol. Biol.
ISSN (print)0079-6107
Molecular Biology

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