How to format your references using the Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bouwmeester, D., 2014. Quantum mechanics. The quantum nondemolition derby. Science 344, 1224–1226.
A journal article with 2 authors
Souza, A.M.C., Andrade, R.F.S., 2013. Coin state properties in quantum walks. Sci. Rep. 3, 1976.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rich, P.D., Liaw, H.-P., Lee, A.K., 2014. Place cells. Large environments reveal the statistical structure governing hippocampal representations. Science 345, 814–817.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Barik, A.R., Bapna, M., Drabold, D.A., Adarsh, K.V., 2014. Ultrafast light induced unusually broad transient absorption in the sub-bandgap region of GeSe2 thin film. Sci. Rep. 4, 3686.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Audibert, P., 2013. Mathematics for Informatics and Computer Science. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Morrill, G., Muskens, R., Osswald, R., Richter, F. (Eds.), 2014. Formal Grammar: 19th International Conference, FG 2014, Tübingen, Germany, August 16-17, 2014. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Heidegren, C.-G., 2010. Positivism before Logical Positivism in Nordic Philosophy, in: Manninen, J., Stadler, F. (Eds.), The Vienna Circle in the Nordic Countries, Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 91–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. “Mean Girl” Meerkats Reign Over Their Mobs Like Crazed Dictators [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. Earth Observing System: NASA Needs to Reassess Its EOSDIS Development Strategy (No. T-IMTEC-92-8). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Munz, J.A., 2017. Assessing the Value of Educational Competencies of Healthcare Leaders and Organizational Factors: A Case Study Analysis (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Loomis, G., 2012. Three Operas by Rossini Make Italian Festival Well Worth the Trip. New York Times 0.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Padma, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (MacDonald, 2002; Woo, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Souza and Andrade, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Christophorou et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleProgress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology
AbbreviationProg. Biophys. Mol. Biol.
ISSN (print)0079-6107
Molecular Biology

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