How to format your references using the Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Arena, B.J., 2014. Outside my comfort zone. Science 345, 842.
A journal article with 2 authors
Freeman, B.C., Yamamoto, K.R., 2002. Disassembly of transcriptional regulatory complexes by molecular chaperones. Science 296, 2232–2235.
A journal article with 3 authors
Depège, N., Bellafiore, S., Rochaix, J.-D., 2003. Role of chloroplast protein kinase Stt7 in LHCII phosphorylation and state transition in Chlamydomonas. Science 299, 1572–1575.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Woo, P.C.Y., Lam, C.-W., Tam, E.W.T., Lee, K.-C., Yung, K.K.Y., Leung, C.K.F., Sze, K.-H., Lau, S.K.P., Yuen, K.-Y., 2014. The biosynthetic pathway for a thousand-year-old natural food colorant and citrinin in Penicillium marneffei. Sci. Rep. 4, 6728.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gerardi, M.H., 2003. Settleability Problems and Loss of Solids in the Activated Sludge Process. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
James, N.P., 2011. Neritic Carbonate Sediments in a Temperate Realm: Southern Australia. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Areces, C., Orbe, E., 2013. Dealing with Symmetries in Modal Tableaux, in: Galmiche, D., Larchey-Wendling, D. (Eds.), Automated Reasoning with Analytic Tableaux and Related Methods: 22nd International Conference, TABLEAUX 2013, Nancy, France, September 16-19, 2013, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 13–27.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2017. A Giant Among Dwarfs: New Species Of Dwarf Bushbaby Discovered In Angola [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. Guaranteed Student Loans: Analysis of Student Default Rates at 7,800 Postsecondary Schools (No. HRD-89-63BR). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Timko, E.J., 2017. Polynomial Tuples of Commuting Isometries Constrained by 1-Dimensional Varieties (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
ADAM LIPTAK; Janet Roberts contributed reporting for this series. She was assisted by Linda Amster, Styczynski, J., Anderson, D., Begg, J., Delaquérière, A., Jamison, S., Lyles, T., Wilder, C., 2005. Locked Away Forever After Crimes as Teenagers. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Arena, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Arena, 2014; Freeman and Yamamoto, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Freeman and Yamamoto, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Woo et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleProgress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology
AbbreviationProg. Biophys. Mol. Biol.
ISSN (print)0079-6107
Molecular Biology

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