How to format your references using the Cement and Concrete Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cement and Concrete Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
H. Brody, Colorectal cancer, Nature. 521 (2015) S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
R.P. Viscidi, K.V. Shah, Cancer. A skin cancer virus?, Science. 319 (2008) 1049–1050.
A journal article with 3 authors
R.K. McGinty, R.C. Henrici, S. Tan, Crystal structure of the PRC1 ubiquitylation module bound to the nucleosome, Nature. 514 (2014) 591–596.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
R.K. Singh, A. Srivastava, P. Kalaiarasan, S. Manvati, R. Chopra, R.N.K. Bamezai, mtDNA germ line variation mediated ROS generates retrograde signaling and induces pro-cancerous metabolic features, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6571.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J.R. Dorsey, Y-Size Your Business, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2009.
An edited book
K.P. Rumbaugh, I. Ahmad, eds., Antibiofilm Agents: From Diagnosis to Treatment and Prevention, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
C. Chu, J. Bai, X. Wu, G. Zheng, Fully Automatic Segmentation of Hip CT Images, in: G. Zheng, S. Li (Eds.), Computational Radiology for Orthopaedic Interventions, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 91–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cement and Concrete Research.

Blog post
S. Luntz, Snakes Probably Lost Their Legs Swimming, Not Burrowing, IFLScience. (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Space Research: Content and Coordination of Space Science and Technology Strategy Need to Be More Robust, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Porter, Closing the classroom door: Denying the political, embracing the moral, Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Pilon, A Ban on Coed Contact Sports, New York Times. (2014) B19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCement and Concrete Research
AbbreviationCem. Concr. Res.
ISSN (print)0008-8846
ScopeBuilding and Construction
General Materials Science

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