How to format your references using the Cement and Concrete Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cement and Concrete Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J.D. Haigh, Climate variability and the influence of the Sun, Science. 294 (2001) 2109–2111.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. Bouziat, B. Jabri, IMMUNOLOGY. Breaching the gut-vascular barrier, Science. 350 (2015) 742–743.
A journal article with 3 authors
C. Xiang, C.-K. Chan, J. Wang, Proposal and numerical study of ultra-compact active hybrid plasmonic resonator for sub-wavelength lasing applications, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 3720.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. Polonia, E. Bonatti, A. Camerlenghi, R.G. Lucchi, G. Panieri, L. Gasperini, Mediterranean megaturbidite triggered by the AD 365 Crete earthquake and tsunami, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1285.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
E. Exposito, C. Diop, Smart SOA Platforms in Cloud Computing Architectures, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2014.
An edited book
L.F. Bosart, H.B. Bluestein, eds., Synoptic—Dynamic Meteorology and Weather Analysis and Forecasting: A Tribute to Fred Sanders, American Meteorological Society, Boston, MA, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
R.M. Kaufmann, Graphs, Strings, and Actions, in: Y. Tschinkel, Y. Zarhin (Eds.), Algebra, Arithmetic, and Geometry: Volume II: In Honor of Yu. I. Manin, Birkhäuser, Boston, MA, 2009: pp. 127–178.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cement and Concrete Research.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, Check Out This New Stunning Survey Of The Distant Universe, IFLScience. (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, NATO-Warsaw Pact: Conventional Force Balance--Papers for U.S. and Soviet Perspectives Workshops, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.M. Leonard, The Effect of Manufacturing Establishments on Local Area per Capita Personal Income in the U.S. 1967-1990, Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati, 2001.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
T. Rohan, Before Hitting and Fielding, Young Mets Seek Edge by Running and Stretching, New York Times. (2014) SP2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCement and Concrete Research
AbbreviationCem. Concr. Res.
ISSN (print)0008-8846
ScopeBuilding and Construction
General Materials Science

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