How to format your references using the Cement and Concrete Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cement and Concrete Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C.D. Murray, Planetary science. Ringing the changes, Science. 311 (2006) 961–962.
A journal article with 2 authors
Q. Schiermeier, P. Smaglik, Homeward bound European Union, Nature. 433 (2005) 440–441.
A journal article with 3 authors
E.S. Cochran, J.E. Vidale, S. Tanaka, Earth tides can trigger shallow thrust fault earthquakes, Science. 306 (2004) 1164–1166.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Takahashi, Y. Yamazaki, R. Ihara, T. Fujiwara, Parasitic amorphous on single-domain crystal: structural observations of silicate glass-ceramics, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1147.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S.H. Fullman, Increasing Alpha with Options, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2010.
An edited book
L. Rivard, Complex Terrain Mapping: Integrated Use of Stereo Air Photos and Satellite Images, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Fukumoto, A. Yamada, T. Iwamoto, T. Nakamura, Dental epithelium proliferation and differentiation regulated by ameloblastin, in: T. Sasano, O. Suzuki (Eds.), Interface Oral Health Science 2009, Springer Japan, Tokyo, 2010: pp. 33–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cement and Concrete Research.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, How Phobos Got Its Giant Crater, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Federally Funded Research at Institutions of Higher Education, an E-supplement to GAO-04-31, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M.M. Roth, Depositional Environment of the Carbonate Cap Rock at the Pine Prairie Field, Evangeline Parish, Louisiana: Implications of Salt Diapirism on Cook Mountain Reservoir Genesis, Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, Colon, After 3 Seasons With Mets, Agrees to Join Braves, New York Times. (2016) D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCement and Concrete Research
AbbreviationCem. Concr. Res.
ISSN (print)0008-8846
ScopeBuilding and Construction
General Materials Science

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