How to format your references using the Cement and Concrete Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cement and Concrete Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S. Bordel, Experimental evidence suggests the existence of evolutionary conserved global operation principles governing microbial metabolism, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 3017.
A journal article with 2 authors
T. Addiscott, P. Brookes, Nitrogen cycle: what governs nitrogen loss from forest soils?, Nature. 418 (2002) 604; discussion 604.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Kaminski, J. Call, J. Fischer, Word learning in a domestic dog: evidence for “fast mapping,” Science. 304 (2004) 1682–1683.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Katano, K. Nakano, M. Otsuki, H. Matsukawa, Novel friction law for the static friction force based on local precursor slipping, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6324.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Courant, E.J. McShane, Differential and Integral Calculus, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 1988.
An edited book
M.S. Rahman, E. Tomita, eds., WALCOM: Algorithms and Computation: 9th International Workshop, WALCOM 2015, Dhaka, Bangladesh, February 26-28, 2015. Proceedings, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
U. Bastolla, M. Porto, H.E. Roman, M. Vendruscolo, The Structurally Constrained Neutral Model of Protein Evolution, in: U. Bastolla, M. Porto, H.E. Roman, M. Vendruscolo (Eds.), Structural Approaches to Sequence Evolution: Molecules, Networks, Populations, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007: pp. 75–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cement and Concrete Research.

Blog post
B. Taub, Men Commit More Violent Crimes When They Are Surrounded By Women, Claims Study, IFLScience. (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Administration of Certain Allowances and Differentials Paid to Civilian Employees Located Overseas, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1971.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M.H. Vianna, An exploration of the factors that influence Brazilian students’ fluency of English: A case study, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Brantley, Shakespeare’s Take on the Game of Thrones, New York Times. (2016) C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCement and Concrete Research
AbbreviationCem. Concr. Res.
ISSN (print)0008-8846
ScopeBuilding and Construction
General Materials Science

Other styles