How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Robins RW. Psychology. The nature of personality: genes, culture, and national character. Science 2005;310(5745):62–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Minton DA, Malhotra R. A record of planet migration in the main asteroid belt. Nature 2009;457(7233):1109–11.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Weaver BAA, Silk AD, Cleveland DW. Cell biology: nondisjunction, aneuploidy and tetraploidy. Nature 2006;442(7104):E9-10; discussion E10.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Kanwar N, Scott HM, Norby B, Loneragan GH, Vinasco J, Cottell JL, et al. Impact of treatment strategies on cephalosporin and tetracycline resistance gene quantities in the bovine fecal metagenome. Sci Rep 2014;4:5100.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Russell DL, Arlow PC. Industrial Security. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
1.
Cossy J, editor. Synthesis of Saturated Oxygenated Heterocycles II: 7- to 16-Membered Rings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Nath V, Levinson SE. Computer Vision. In: Levinson SE, editor. Autonomous Robotics and Deep Learning. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. page 31–8.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Pharmacology.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. Humans May Have Traded Brawn for Brains. IFLScience2014;

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Federal Lands: Enhanced Planning Could Assist Agencies in Managing Increased Use of Off-Highway Vehicles. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Kilpatrick RF. A World Less Paved. 2010;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Apuzzo M, Schmidt MS. White House Tries Civility With Mueller. New York Times2017;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Pharmacology
AbbreviationIndian J. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)0253-7613
ISSN (online)1998-3751
ScopePharmacology (medical)
Pharmacology

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