How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brown TA. Human evolution: Stranger from Siberia. Nature 2010;
A journal article with 2 authors
Singh H, Demarco IA. Immunology. Double TIP-ping. Science 2010;329(5994):914–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bonderer LJ, Studart AR, Gauckler LJ. Bioinspired design and assembly of platelet reinforced polymer films. Science 2008;319(5866):1069–73.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zimmers TA, Davies MV, Koniaris LG, Haynes P, Esquela AF, Tomkinson KN, et al. Induction of cachexia in mice by systemically administered myostatin. Science 2002;296(5572):1486–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barnett AH, Grice J. New Mechanisms in Glucose Control. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Feldman AM. Welfare Economics and Social Choice Theory, 2nd Edition. 2nd Edition. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Tveito A, Langtangen HP, Nielsen BF, Cai X. The Method of Least Squares. In: Langtangen HP, Nielsen BF, Cai X, editors. Elements of Scientific Computing. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. page 147–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Pharmacology.

Blog post
Andrew D. Gut Bacteria Plays A Role In Long-Term Weight Gain [Internet]. IFLScience2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Department of Homeland Security: Continued Actions Needed to Strengthen Oversight and Coordination of Research and Development. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Del Cid EJ. Services for immigrant families with children in the child welfare system: A grant proposal project. 2009;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly E. PLAYING IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD. New York Times1993;1318.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Pharmacology
AbbreviationIndian J. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)0253-7613
ISSN (online)1998-3751
ScopePharmacology (medical)

Other styles