How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Brashears ME. Humans use compression heuristics to improve the recall of social networks. Sci Rep 2013;3:1513.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Atkins JF, Gesteland RF. mRNA readout at 40. Nature 2001;414(6865):693.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Palazzo A, Ackerman B, Gundersen GG. Cell biology: Tubulin acetylation and cell motility. Nature 2003;421(6920):230.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Hwang H, Robinson D, Rogers JB, Stevenson TK, Lang SE, Sadayappan S, et al. Agonist activated PKCβII translocation and modulation of cardiac myocyte contractile function. Sci Rep 2013;3:1971.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Balakrishnan N, Koutras MV. Runs and Scans with Applications: Balakrishnan/Runs. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2001.
An edited book
1.
Al-Khayri JM, Jain SM, Johnson DV, editors. Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies: Agronomic, Abiotic and Biotic Stress Traits. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Carnio S, Bironzo P, Novello S, Scagliotti GV. How to Personalize Perioperative Chemotherapy in Early Non-small Cell Lung Cancer? In: Peters S, Besse B, editors. New Therapeutic Strategies in Lung Cancers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. page 49–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Pharmacology.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. 11 Science Facts That Will Make You Feel Uneasy [Internet]. IFLScience2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/11-science-facts-that-will-make-you-feel-uneasy/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. High Risk Series: Student Financial Aid. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Wyers ML. An Investigation of Teacher Understanding and Perceptions of the Effectiveness of the Use of Learning Targets in the Classroom. 2015;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Feeney K. A Chicken on Every Grill For Latin-Style Tastes. New York Times2008;NJ6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Pharmacology
AbbreviationIndian J. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)0253-7613
ISSN (online)1998-3751
ScopePharmacology (medical)
Pharmacology

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