# How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

## Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

## Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Henry RC. The mental Universe. Nature 2005;436(7047):29.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Rodríguez-Trelles F, Rodríguez MA. Comment on “Global genetic change tracks global climate warming in Drosophila subobscura.” Science 2007;315(5818):1497; author reply 1497.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Hopkins M, Harrison TM, Manning CE. Low heat flow inferred from >4 Gyr zircons suggests Hadean plate boundary interactions. Nature 2008;456(7221):493–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Smith GP, Wiens DA, Fischer KM, Dorman LM, Webb SC, Hildebrand JA. A complex pattern of mantle flow in the Lau backarc. Science 2001;292(5517):713–6.

## Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Coussy O. Poromechanics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Mujib A, Šamaj J, editors. Somatic Embryogenesis. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Ergin N, Yoruk G, Ozdemir O. Production of $$\mathrm{Ni}_{3} Ni 3 Al and \mathrm{Ti}_{3}$$ Ti 3 Al Based Coating by Using Pressure Assisted Combustion Synthesis. In: Polychroniadis EK, Oral AY, Ozer M, editors. International Multidisciplinary Microscopy Congress: Proceedings of InterM, Antalya, Turkey, October 10–13, 2013. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. page 27–32.

## Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Pharmacology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D. Unusual Conditions: What Is Rapunzel Syndrome And Why Do Some People Eat Hair? IFLScience2016;

## Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Teen Driver Safety: Additional Research Could Help States Strengthen Graduated Driver Licensing Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010.

## Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Stroud M. Solar desalination in the southwest United States: A thermoeconomic analysis utilizing the sun to desalt water in high irradiance regions. 2012;

## News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Brantley B. This Barber? He Has Demons. New York Times2017;C1.

## In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].