How to format your references using the Advances in Oceanography and Limnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Oceanography and Limnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Rosenberg SA. Progress in human tumour immunology and immunotherapy. Nature. 2001;411:380–384.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Schaefer BE, Pagnotta A. An absence of ex-companion stars in the type Ia supernova remnant SNR 0509-67.5. Nature. 2012;481:164–166.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Song Y, Wang J, Yau S-T. Controlled glucose consumption in yeast using a transistor-like device. Sci. Rep. 2014;4:5429.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Chuck G, Muszynski M, Kellogg E, et al. The control of spikelet meristem identity by the branched silkless1 gene in maize. Science. 2002;298:1238–1241.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Robinson MD. An Employer’s and Engineer’s Guide to the FIDIC Conditions of Contract. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Byrd JWT, editor. Operative Hip Arthroscopy. 3rd ed. 2013. New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Zarankin A, Salerno M. So Far, So Close. Approaching Experience in the Study of the Encounter Between Sealers and the South Shetland Islands (Antarctica, Nineteenth Century). In: Peder R, van der Watt L-M, Howkins A, editors. Antarctica and the Humanities. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016. p. 79–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Oceanography and Limnology.

Blog post
[1]
Hale T. Brewery Has Created Six-Pack Holders That Can Be Eaten By Marine Life [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/beer-brewery-has-created-edible-six-pack-holders-protect-marine-life/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Hydra 70 Rocket: Recent Performance Has Improved. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999. Report No.: NSIAD-99-126R. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Simon-Owens NL. Southern Virginia Higher Education Center: An exploration of factors affecting organizational leadership [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
[1]
Markoff J. Shhh! That Helpful Robot May Pose a Security Risk. New York Times. 2017 Mar 1;B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Oceanography and Limnology
ISSN (print)1947-5721
ISSN (online)1947-573X
ScopeAquatic Science
Oceanography

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