How to format your references using the Advances in Oceanography and Limnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Oceanography and Limnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Boyce W. Earth monitoring: vigilance is not enough. Nature. 2007;450:791–792.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yamazaki T, Oda H. Orbital influence on Earth’s magnetic field: 100,000-year periodicity in inclination. Science. 2002;295:2435–2438.
A journal article with 3 authors
Halevy I, Zuber MT, Schrag DP. A sulfur dioxide climate feedback on early Mars. Science. 2007;318:1903–1907.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang C, Ma L, Liao L, et al. A unique platinum-graphene hybrid structure for high activity and durability in oxygen reduction reaction. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2580.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cheng VS, Tong JC. Building Sustainability in East Asia. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
Bahn KD, editor. Proceedings of the 1988 Academy of Marketing Science (AMS) Annual Conference. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Formenti E, Imai K, Martin B, et al. Advances on Random Sequence Generation by Uniform Cellular Automata. In: Calude CS, Freivalds R, Kazuo I, editors. Computing with New Resources: Essays Dedicated to Jozef Gruska on the Occasion of His 80th Birthday. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 56–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Oceanography and Limnology.

Blog post
Davis J. Artificial Intelligence Can Accurately Predict Patients Most At Risk Of Heart Failure [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Preliminary Information on the Federal Government’s Response to Recent Natural Disasters. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990. Report No.: T-RCED-90-75. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beck K. Comparing high school physics standards: What is included and what is not [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B. A Rested Williams Shakes Off the Rust. New York Times. 2017 Jan 3;B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Oceanography and Limnology
ISSN (print)1947-5721
ISSN (online)1947-573X
ScopeAquatic Science

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