How to format your references using the Advances in Oceanography and Limnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Oceanography and Limnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Burkov A. PHYSICS. Chiral anomaly without relativity. Science. 2015;350:378–379.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaspari M, Weiser MD. Ecology. Meet the new boss, same as the old boss. Science. 2014;343:974–975.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fasel R, Parschau M, Ernst K-H. Amplification of chirality in two-dimensional enantiomorphous lattices. Nature. 2006;439:449–452.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Elsig J, Schmitt J, Leuenberger D, et al. Stable isotope constraints on Holocene carbon cycle changes from an Antarctic ice core. Nature. 2009;461:507–510.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schiesser WE. Spline Collocation Methods for Partial Differential Equations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
Cena L. Prendersi cura dei bambini e dei loro genitori: La ricerca clinica per l’intervento. Baldoni F, Imbasciati A, editors. Milano: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Singh ZN, Patel NM, Gulley ML. Childhood Lymphoma. In: Mackinnon AC Jr, editor. Pediatric Neoplasia: Advances in Molecular Pathology and Translational Medicine. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2012. p. 101–124.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Oceanography and Limnology.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Curious Object Discovered Near Famous Supermassive Black Hole [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Positive Train Control: Additional Authorities Could Benefit Implementation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013. Report No.: GAO-13-720. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Porter LA. Defense Support of Civilian Authorities (DSCA): What emergency managers need to know [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Belson K, Pilon M. Felix’s 200-Meter Win May Help Settle the 100. New York Times. 2012 Jul 1;SP7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Oceanography and Limnology
ISSN (print)1947-5721
ISSN (online)1947-573X
ScopeAquatic Science

Other styles