How to format your references using the Advances in Oceanography and Limnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Oceanography and Limnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Freeman KH. Earth science: controls on isotopic gradients in rain. Nature. 2014;516:41–42.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Hawkins PT, Stephens LR. PI3Kgamma is a key regulator of inflammatory responses and cardiovascular homeostasis. Science. 2007;318:64–66.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
van Groenigen KJ, Osenberg CW, Hungate BA. Increased soil emissions of potent greenhouse gases under increased atmospheric CO2. Nature. 2011;475:214–216.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Feng Y, Lin X, Yu Y, et al. Elevated ground-level O3 negatively influences paddy methanogenic archaeal community. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3193.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Choudhry M. Fixed Income Securities and Derivatives Handbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Hunt JL, editor. Molecular Pathology of Endocrine Diseases. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Feinäugle CA. The UN Security Council Al-Qaida and Taliban Sanctions Committee: Emerging Principles of International Institutional Law for the Protection of Individuals? In: Bogdandy A von, Wolfrum R, Bernstorff J von, et al., editors. The Exercise of Public Authority by International Institutions: Advancing International Institutional Law. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 101–131.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Oceanography and Limnology.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Volcanic Vents Reveal Bleak Future For Oceans [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/volcanic-vents-reveal-bleak-future-oceans/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: Status of TSA’s Acquisition of Technology for Screening Passenger Identification and Boarding Passes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012. Report No.: GAO-12-826T. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Filomena TP. Technology portfolio and capacity expansion under uncertainty [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Gustines GG. Restarting Comics’ Clock Is Issue No. 1. New York Times. 2011 Jun 13;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Oceanography and Limnology
ISSN (print)1947-5721
ISSN (online)1947-573X
ScopeAquatic Science
Oceanography

Other styles