How to format your references using the Advances in Oceanography and Limnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Oceanography and Limnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bland PA. Astronomy. Small-scale observations tell a cosmological story. Science. 2008;320:61–62.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wolff EW, British Antarctic Survey, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0ET, UK. Ocean science. Whither Antarctic sea ice? Science. 2003;302:1164.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sakuragi S, Tominaga-Yoshino K, Ogura A. Involvement of TrkB- and p75(NTR)-signaling pathways in two contrasting forms of long-lasting synaptic plasticity. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3185.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Xie L, Miller LM, Chatterjee C, et al. Lacticin 481: in vitro reconstitution of lantibiotic synthetase activity. Science. 2004;303:679–681.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Willis DO. Business Basics for Dentists. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Lemke K, Paar C, Wolf M, editors. Embedded Security in Cars: Securing Current and Future Automotive IT Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Raad B, De Georgia M. Perspectives and Approach to Stroke Prevention and Therapy. In: Corrigan ML, Escuro AA, Kirby DF, editors. Handbook of Clinical Nutrition and Stroke. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2013. p. 47–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Oceanography and Limnology.

Blog post
Luntz S. Deprivation And Poverty Leave Visible Marks On The Brain. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. GAO Evaluation of Report by Technassociates, Inc., on the Evaluation of Written Products Delivered by the National Center for Research in Vocational Education. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1984. Report No.: HRD-84-79. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bladen L. Relationship of Embodied Nursing Knowledge and Client Outcomes in Home Health [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. Yuri Afanasyev, Ex-Communist Scholar, Dies at 81. New York Times. 2015 Oct 5;B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Oceanography and Limnology
ISSN (print)1947-5721
ISSN (online)1947-573X
ScopeAquatic Science

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