How to format your references using the Advances in Oceanography and Limnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Oceanography and Limnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Blackburn EH. Telomere states and cell fates. Nature. 2000;408:53–56.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Berlin S, Ellegren H. Evolutionary genetics. Clonal inheritance of avian mitochondrial DNA. Nature. 2001;413:37–38.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Fay JC, Wyckoff GJ, Wu C-I. Testing the neutral theory of molecular evolution with genomic data from Drosophila. Nature. 2002;415:1024–1026.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Botkin JR, Appelbaum PS, Bakken S, et al. Standardizing return of participant results. Science. 2018;362:759–760.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Tunley M, Whittaker A, Gee J, et al. The Accredited Counter Fraud Specialist Handbook. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
[1]
Fred A, Dietz JLG, Liu K, et al., editors. Knowledge Discovery, Knowledge Engineering and Knowledge Management: Third International Joint Conference, IC3K 2011, Paris, France, October 26-29, 2011. Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Pryl K, Svitak Z. URBAN INFRASTRUCTURE MODELLING. In: Hlavinek P, Kukharchyk T, Marsalek J, et al., editors. Integrated Urban Water Resources Management. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006. p. 43–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Oceanography and Limnology.

Blog post
[1]
Hale T. What Actually Is The Insanely Potent VX Nerve Agent That Killed Kim Jong-Nam? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/chemistry/what-actually-is-the-insanely-potent-vx-nerve-agent-that-killed-kim-jongnam/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Community Placement of the Mentally Disabled in Michigan]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976. Report No.: 092277. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Nichol KP. English Language Learners and Gifted Identification: Exploring the Perceptions of Teachers and Parents [Doctoral dissertation]. [Scottsdale, AZ]: Northcentral University; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Vecsey G. In Hockey, Game 7 Is Different. New York Times. 2012 Apr 27;B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Oceanography and Limnology
ISSN (print)1947-5721
ISSN (online)1947-573X
ScopeAquatic Science
Oceanography

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