How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Ophthalmology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Ophthalmology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Bloodworth A. Resources: Track flows to manage technology-metal supply. Nature 2014;505(7481):19–20.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Saltiel AR, Kahn CR. Insulin signalling and the regulation of glucose and lipid metabolism. Nature 2001;414(6865):799–806.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Salganik MJ, Dodds PS, Watts DJ. Experimental study of inequality and unpredictability in an artificial cultural market. Science 2006;311(5762):854–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Vivian JP, Duncan RC, Berry R, O’Connor GM, Reid HH, Beddoe T, et al. Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor 3DL1-mediated recognition of human leukocyte antigen B. Nature 2011;479(7373):401–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Middleton D. Non-Gaussian Statistical Communication Theory. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Levitsky IA. Photophysics of Carbon Nanotubes Interfaced with Organic and Inorganic Materials. London: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Chishti AS. Assessment of Renal Function. In: Chishti AS, Alam S, Kiessling SG, editors. Kidney and Urinary Tract Diseases in the Newborn. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. page 117–26.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Ophthalmology.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. Seven Dwarf Galaxies Discovered [Internet]. IFLScience2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/seven-dwarf-galaxies-discovered/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Mass Transit: FTA’s Projections Could Better Reflect State and Local Needs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Mehmeti A. Intensive dramaturgical research facilitated the creation of the character Soran Saleen in “The Poetry of Pizza.” 2010;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Douglas Stone A, Schwab-Stone M. Why College Is Not Home. New York Times2016;ED21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Ophthalmology
AbbreviationIndian J. Ophthalmol.
ISSN (print)0301-4738
ISSN (online)1998-3689
ScopeOphthalmology

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