How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Ophthalmology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Ophthalmology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Clarke J. Paleontology. Feathers before flight. Science 2013;340(6133):690–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Shinbrot T, Muzzio FJ. Noise to order. Nature 2001;410(6825):251–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Winn JN, Rusin D, Kochanek CS. The central image of a gravitationally lensed quasar. Nature 2004;427(6975):613–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Yang H, Li J-J, Liu S, Zhao J, Jiang Y-J, Song A-X, et al. Aggregation of polyglutamine-expanded ataxin-3 sequesters its specific interacting partners into inclusions: implication in a loss-of-function pathology. Sci Rep 2014;4:6410.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Liu J, Dong X, Chen X, Tong X, Zhang X, Xu S. Fault Location and Service Restoration for Electrical Distribution Systems. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Andreescu C, Clenci A, editors. Proceedings of the European Automotive Congress EAEC-ESFA 2015. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Large DC, Large JJH. A Most Contentious Contest: Politics and Protests at the 1936 Berlin Olympics. In: Dart J, Wagg S, editors. Sport, Protest and Globalisation: Stopping Play. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016. page 51–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Ophthalmology.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R. HPV Vaccine Halves Cervical Cancer Rates In Just 10 Years. IFLScience2016;

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Overpayment of Title I Funds at the Richmond City Public School System During FY 1978. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Valenzuela J. Medicare advantage’s population make-up and its impact on the future of Medicare financing. 2014;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Walsh MW. European Debt Crisis Could Touch A.I.G. New York Times2010;B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Ophthalmology
AbbreviationIndian J. Ophthalmol.
ISSN (print)0301-4738
ISSN (online)1998-3689
ScopeOphthalmology

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