How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Howard K (2003) The view from the top. Nature 426:696–697
A journal article with 2 authors
Fan Z-Q, Chen K-Q (2014) Stable two-dimensional conductance switch of polyaniline molecule connecting to graphene nanoribbons. Sci Rep 4:5976
A journal article with 3 authors
Nielsen MH, Aloni S, De Yoreo JJ (2014) In situ TEM imaging of CaCO₃ nucleation reveals coexistence of direct and indirect pathways. Science 345:1158–1162
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ramaley PA, French N, Kaleebu P, et al (2002) HIV in Africa (Communication arising): chemokine-receptor genes and AIDS risk. Nature 417:140

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eicker U (2005) Solar Technologies for Buildings. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
O’Neil HF, Perez RS, Baker EL (2014) Teaching and Measuring Cognitive Readiness. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Graw V, Husmann C (2014) Mapping Marginality Hotspots. In: von Braun J, Gatzweiler FW (eds) Marginality: Addressing the Nexus of Poverty, Exclusion and Ecology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 69–83

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Microbiology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Could A Robot Do Your Job? Short Answer: Yes. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2017) International Air Travelers: CBP Collaborates with Stakeholders to Facilitate the Arrivals Process, but Could Strengthen Reporting of Airport Wait Times. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Scaringe JG (2010) An investigation into the faculty development practices in chiropractic education programs. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grady D (2012) When Illness Makes a Spouse a Stranger. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Microbiology
AbbreviationIndian J. Microbiol.
ISSN (print)0046-8991
ISSN (online)0973-7715

Other styles