How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Crow JF (2003) Development. There’s something curious about paternal-age effects. Science 301:606–607
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Vähärautio A, Taipale J (2014) Cancer. Cancer by super-enhancer. Science 346:1291–1292
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Das G, Talukdar P, Matile S (2002) Fluorometric detection of enzyme activity with synthetic supramolecular pores. Science 298:1600–1602
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Hoorn C, Wesselingh FP, ter Steege H, et al (2010) Amazonia through time: Andean uplift, climate change, landscape evolution, and biodiversity. Science 330:927–931

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Wesche R (2015) Physical Properties of High-Temperature Superconductors. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Bridges S, Chan LK, Hmelo-Silver CE (2016) Educational Technologies in Medical and Health Sciences Education, 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Blum ME (2010) The Historical Logic of Non-Verbal Expression in Everyday Life and the Arts: The Perceptual Foundation of the Precept. In: Coohill PT (ed) Art Inspiring Transmutations of Life. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 39–69

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Microbiology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2014) Space Whisky To Return To Earth. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1994) Aviation Security: Additional Actions Needed to Meet Domestic and International Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Brigida MD (2009) Target stock price runup prior to acquisitions. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Brantley B (2017) Lost and Found in a Magic Tale of Nomads. New York Times C5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Microbiology
AbbreviationIndian J. Microbiol.
ISSN (print)0046-8991
ISSN (online)0973-7715
ScopeMicrobiology

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