How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Snow A (2003) Genetic engineering: unnatural selection. Nature 424:619
A journal article with 2 authors
Singh I, Rose N (2009) Biomarkers in psychiatry. Nature 460:202–207
A journal article with 3 authors
Branch TA, Hively DJ, Hilborn R (2013) Is the ocean food provision index biased? Nature 495:E5-6; discussion E7
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Irifune T, Shinmei T, McCammon CA, et al (2010) Iron partitioning and density changes of pyrolite in Earth’s lower mantle. Science 327:193–195

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ambaum MHP (2010) Thermal Physics of the Atmosphere. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Agresta F, Campanile FC, Vettoretto N (2014) Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: An Evidence-Based Guide. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Berghmans F, Eve S, Held M (2008) An Introduction to Reliability of Optical Components and Fiber Optic Sensors. In: Bock WJ, Gannot I, Tanev S (eds) Optical Waveguide Sensing and Imaging. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 73–100

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Microbiology.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) Blue Hole In South China Sea Declared World’s Deepest Underwater Sinkhole. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Air Traffic Control: Surveillance Radar Request for the Cherry Capital Airport. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stone B (2017) Efficacy of Collaborative Consulting Training Module. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stellin S (2013) The Border Is a Back Door for U.S. Device Searches. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Microbiology
AbbreviationIndian J. Microbiol.
ISSN (print)0046-8991
ISSN (online)0973-7715

Other styles