How to format your references using the Agricultural and Food Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Agricultural and Food Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wagner PJ (2015) EVOLUTION. One era you are in—the next you are out. Science 350:736–737
A journal article with 2 authors
MacLean RC, Gudelj I (2006) Resource competition and social conflict in experimental populations of yeast. Nature 441:498–501
A journal article with 3 authors
Isabel G, Pascual A, Preat T (2004) Exclusive consolidated memory phases in Drosophila. Science 304:1024–1027
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Caraveo PA, Bignami GF, DeLuca A, et al (2003) Geminga’s tails: a pulsar bow shock probing the interstellar medium. Science 301:1345–1347

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Torres-Moreno J-M (2014) Automatic Text Summarization. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Pons JL, Torricelli D (eds) (2014) Emerging Therapies in Neurorehabilitation. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Frisch W, Meschede M, Blakey R (2011) Passive continental margins and abyssal plains. In: Meschede M, Blakey RC (eds) Plate Tectonics: Continental Drift and Mountain Building. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 43–57

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Agricultural and Food Economics.

Blog post
Davis J (2015) Scientists Create Yeast That Produces THC. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/research-create-yeast-produce-thc/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1987) National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Planned Use of Information Technology for the Space Station. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hendricks ED (2010) Teaching teachers: A study of teacher educators’ perceptions of the effect of meeting mandated NCATE standards. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J, Barnes B (2016) Seinfeld’s ‘Comedians in Cars’ Is on Market. New York Times B5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wagner 2015).
This sentence cites two references (MacLean and Gudelj 2006; Wagner 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (MacLean and Gudelj 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Caraveo et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAgricultural and Food Economics
AbbreviationAgric. Food Econ.
ISSN (online)2193-7532
Scope

Other styles