How to format your references using the Agricultural and Food Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Agricultural and Food Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hilton DR (2007) Geochemistry. The leaking mantle. Science 318:1389–1390
A journal article with 2 authors
Murray J, King D (2012) Climate policy: Oil’s tipping point has passed. Nature 481:433–435
A journal article with 3 authors
Xu X, Zheng X, You H (2010) Exceptional dinosaur fossils show ontogenetic development of early feathers. Nature 464:1338–1341
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Dehaene S, Izard V, Pica P, Spelke E (2006) Core knowledge of geometry in an Amazonian indigene group. Science 311:381–384

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cooke R (2007) Classical Algebra: Its Nature, Origins, and Uses. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Dubinsky Z, Stambler N (eds) (2011) Coral Reefs: An Ecosystem in Transition. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Welfens PJJ, Perret JK, Irawan T, Yushkova E (2016) New Indicator Concept. In: Perret JK, Irawan T, Yushkova E (eds) Towards Global Sustainability: Issues, New Indicators and Economic Policy. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 47–55

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Agricultural and Food Economics.

Blog post
Hale T (2017) Antarctic’s Gigantic Ice Crack Is Fast Approaching Crunch Time. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003) Transportation Programs: Opportunities for Oversight and Improved Use of Taxpayer Funds. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Faughn CE (2014) Social and Physical Cognition in Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes ): Preliminary Investigation of Domain-General versus Domain-Specific Intelligence. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K (2011) No Frills, Just Sweet Treats. New York Times NJ9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hilton 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Hilton 2007; Murray and King 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Murray and King 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Dehaene et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAgricultural and Food Economics
AbbreviationAgric. Food Econ.
ISSN (online)2193-7532

Other styles