How to format your references using the Brain and Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Brain and Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Delude C. Tumorigenesis: Testing ground for cancer stem cells. Nature 2011;480:S43-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Mourier T, Jeffares DC. Eukaryotic intron loss. Science 2003;300:1393.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Luo J, Shen L, Zheng D. Diagnostic value of circulating free DNA for the detection of EGFR mutation status in NSCLC: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sci Rep 2014;4:6269.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Foresti D, Sambatakakis G, Bottan S, Poulikakos D. Morphing surfaces enable acoustophoretic contactless transport of ultrahigh-density matter in air. Sci Rep 2013;3:3176.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Tms. TMS 2014 Supplemental Proceedings. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Bertail P, Soulier P, Doukhan P, editors. Dependence in Probability and Statistics. vol. 187. New York, NY: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Ülgener MF. Obligations and Liabilities of the Carrier. In: Güner-Özbek MD, editor. The United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Carriage of Goods Wholly or Partly by Sea: An Appraisal of the “Rotterdam Rules,” Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011, p. 139–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Brain and Development.

Blog post
[1]
Carpineti A. Seventeen Minor Planets Now Have New Names Thanks To A Competition. IFLScience 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Mass Transit: Needs Projections Could Better Reflect Future Costs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Rivera C. The Role of Privacy, Brand Labeling, and Cost on Condom Procurement: Using the Theory of Planned Behavior to Assess a University Policy. Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Crow K. A Shelter Gets a Cold Shoulder In a “Pastoral” Residential Area. New York Times 2001:144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBrain and Development
AbbreviationBrain Dev.
ISSN (print)0387-7604
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Clinical Neurology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Developmental Neuroscience

Other styles