How to format your references using the Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
E.K. Pikitch, Oceans. The risks of overfishing, Science. 338 (2012) 474–475.
A journal article with 2 authors
R.M. DeConto, D. Pollard, Rapid Cenozoic glaciation of Antarctica induced by declining atmospheric CO2, Nature. 421 (2003) 245–249.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.S. DeLoache, D.H. Uttal, K.S. Rosengren, Scale errors offer evidence for a perception-action dissociation early in life, Science. 304 (2004) 1027–1029.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J.M. Crawford, P.M. Thomas, J.R. Scheerer, A.L. Vagstad, N.L. Kelleher, C.A. Townsend, Deconstruction of iterative multidomain polyketide synthase function, Science. 320 (2008) 243–246.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M.R. Islam, J.G. Speight, Peak Energy: Myth or Reality?, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2016.
An edited book
T. Cazenave, D. Costa, O. Lopes, R. Manásevich, P. Rabinowitz, B. Ruf, C. Tomei, eds., Contributions to Nonlinear Analysis: A Tribute to D.G. de Figueiredo on the Occasion of his 70th Birthday, Birkhäuser, Basel, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
L. Mathieu, A. Ballu, A Model for a Coherent and Complete Tolerancing Process, in: J.K. Davidson (Ed.), Models for Computer Aided Tolerancing in Design and Manufacturing: Selected Conference Papers from the 9th CIRP International Seminar on Computer-Aided Tolerancing, Held at Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, USA, 10-12 April, 2005, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2007: pp. 35–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis.

Blog post
T. Hale, Pharmaceutical Company Bumps Up Price Of Skin Cream To Nearly $10,000, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Data Processing: SBA Needs To Strengthen Management of Its Computer Systems, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.M. Pelletier, Effects of Data Breaches on Sector-Wide Systematic Risk in Financial, Technology, Healthcare and Services Sectors, Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Kelly, There’s Nothing Like a Dame, New York Times. (1992) 729.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEgyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis
AbbreviationEgypt. J. Chest Dis. Tuberc.
ISSN (print)0422-7638
ScopeInfectious Diseases
Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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