How to format your references using the Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Poulin, Chemistry. New gels for mixing immiscible liquids, Science. 309 (2005) 2174–2175.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.R. Hutchinson, M. Garcia, Tyrannosaurus was not a fast runner, Nature. 415 (2002) 1018–1021.
A journal article with 3 authors
A.V. Biankin, S. Piantadosi, S.J. Hollingsworth, Patient-centric trials for therapeutic development in precision oncology, Nature. 526 (2015) 361–370.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
K.J.P. Damodaram, V. Kempraj, R.M. Aurade, S.B. Rajasekhar, R.K. Venkataramanappa, B. Nandagopal, A. Verghese, Centuries of domestication has not impaired oviposition site-selection function in the silkmoth, Bombyx mori, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 7472.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B.K. Barnes, Exercising Influence, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2015.
An edited book
T. Nishita, Q. Peng, H.-P. Seidel, eds., Advances in Computer Graphics: 24th Computer Graphics International Conference, CGI 2006, Hangzhou, China, June 26-28, 2006. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
B.P. Petrov, Amphibians and Reptiles of Bulgaria: Fauna, Vertical Distribution, Zoogeography, and Conservation, in: V. Fet, A. Popov (Eds.), Biogeography and Ecology of Bulgaria, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2007: pp. 85–107.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis.

Blog post
J. O`Callaghan, Non-Magnetic Metals Turned Magnetic In Groundbreaking Research, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Airlift Requirements: Commercial Freighters Can Help Meet Requirements at Greatly Reduced Costs, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. Frieberg, The Project of Reconciliation: Journalists and religious activists in Polish -German relations, 1956–1972, Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L.F. Burghardt, An Animal Sanctuary Is Under Pressure to Move, New York Times. (2006) 14NJ6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEgyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis
AbbreviationEgypt. J. Chest Dis. Tuberc.
ISSN (print)0422-7638
ScopeInfectious Diseases
Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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