How to format your references using the Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A.V. Aho, Software and the future of programming languages, Science. 303 (2004) 1331–1333.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. Imondi, J.B. Thomas, Neuroscience. The ups and downs of Wnt signaling, Science. 302 (2003) 1903–1904.
A journal article with 3 authors
E.W. Dunn, L.B. Aknin, M.I. Norton, Spending money on others promotes happiness, Science. 319 (2008) 1687–1688.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C. Tang, C. Toomajian, S. Sherman-Broyles, V. Plagnol, Y.-L. Guo, T.T. Hu, R.M. Clark, J.B. Nasrallah, D. Weigel, M. Nordborg, The evolution of selfing in Arabidopsis thaliana, Science. 317 (2007) 1070–1072.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B.D. DiGrado, G.A. Thorp, The Aboveground Steel Storage Tank Handbook, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2007.
An edited book
M. Goodfellow, P. Kämpfer, H.-J. Busse, M.E. Trujillo, K.-I. Suzuki, W. Ludwig, W.B. Whitman, eds., Bergey’s Manual® of Systematic Bacteriology: Volume Five The Actinobacteria, Part A and B, Second Edition, Springer, New York, NY, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
B. Johnson, A. Laszka, J. Grossklags, Games of Timing for Security in Dynamic Environments, in: M. Khouzani, E. Panaousis, G. Theodorakopoulos (Eds.), Decision and Game Theory for Security: 6th International Conference, GameSec 2015, London, UK, November 4-5, 2015, Proceedings, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015: pp. 57–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis.

Blog post
E. Andrew, New Horizons Sends Back New, Bigger Photos Of Pluto, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Improved Planning and Management of Information Systems Development Needed, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1975.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
H.M. Pederson, Decreasing blame and building therapeutic alliance: Clarifying central change processes in functional family therapy, Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S.M. Nir, Doctor Storms Bronx Hospital In Fatal Attack, New York Times. (2017) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEgyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis
AbbreviationEgypt. J. Chest Dis. Tuberc.
ISSN (print)0422-7638
ScopeInfectious Diseases
Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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