How to format your references using the Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D.M. Bers, Cardiac excitation-contraction coupling, Nature. 415 (2002) 198–205.
A journal article with 2 authors
E.L. Glaeser, A. Shleifer, Retrospective. Gary Becker (1930-2014), Science. 344 (2014) 1233.
A journal article with 3 authors
P.G. van Dokkum, M. Kriek, M. Franx, A high stellar velocity dispersion for a compact massive galaxy at redshift z = 2.186, Nature. 460 (2009) 717–719.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A.R. Basu, M.I. Petaev, R.J. Poreda, S.B. Jacobsen, L. Becker, Chondritic meteorite fragments associated with the Permian-Triassic boundary in Antarctica, Science. 302 (2003) 1388–1392.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C.S. Wasson, System Analysis, Design, and Development, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2005.
An edited book
S. Bowles, Introduzione all’economia politica: Le dinamiche del capitalismo, Springer, Milano, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
K. Engelhardt, Y. Moses, Safe Composition of Distributed Programs Communicating over Order-Preserving Imperfect Channels, in: A. Pal, A.D. Kshemkalyani, R. Kumar, A. Gupta (Eds.), Distributed Computing – IWDC 2005: 7th International Workshop, Kharagpur, India, December 27-30, 2005. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2005: pp. 32–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, There Are Dangerous Asteroids Hiding Among The Taurid Meteor Shower, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Highway Bridge Program: Condition of Nation’s Bridges Shows Limited Improvement, but Further Actions Could Enhance the Impact of Federal Investment, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R.L. Marcheschi, Knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding individuals with epilepsy by marriage and family therapists and social workers, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Antilla, Gender Bias Case Against Sterling Jewelers Can Proceed, New York Times. (2015) B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEgyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis
AbbreviationEgypt. J. Chest Dis. Tuberc.
ISSN (print)0422-7638
ScopeInfectious Diseases
Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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