How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Medical Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Medical Research (IJMR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Maxmen A. Crop pests: Under attack. Nature 2013; 501 : S15-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
McLennan MR, Hockings KJ. Wild chimpanzees show group differences in selection of agricultural crops. Sci Rep 2014; 4 : 5956.
A journal article with 3 authors
Laepple T, Werner M, Lohmann G. Synchronicity of Antarctic temperatures and local solar insolation on orbital timescales. Nature 2011; 471 : 91–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Draper-Joyce CJ, Khoshouei M, Thal DM, Liang Y-L, Nguyen ATN, Furness SGB, et al. Structure of the adenosine-bound human adenosine A1 receptor-Gi complex. Nature 2018; 558 : 559–63.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Arboleda H, Royer J-C. Model-Driven and Software Product Line Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Ciocan C. Levinas Concordance. Hansel G, editor. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005 952 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Fletcher JG, Bharucha AE, Siddiki H. Dynamic MR Imaging of the Pelvic Floor. In: Taylor SA, DeLancey JOL, editors. Imaging Pelvic Floor Disorders. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008 p. 75–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Medical Research.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Stephen Hawking Says We Should Be “Wary” About Contacting Aliens. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016. Available from:, accessed on October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Agreed-Upon Procedures: Highway Trust Fund Excise Taxes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Feb. Report No.: AIMD-99-71R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baghaei Lakeh A. Approximate Analytical Solutions of a Generalized van der Pol Oscillator [Doctoral dissertation]. Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marx L. A Modern Marriage With Multiple Parts. New York Times. 2015 : ST17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1,2,2,3.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Medical Research
AbbreviationIndian J. Med. Res.
ISSN (print)0971-5916
ScopeGeneral Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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