How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Medical Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Medical Research (IJMR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ray LB. Cell signaling. Getting your loops straight. Introduction. Science 2008; 322 : 389.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nitzan A, Ratner MA. Electron transport in molecular wire junctions. Science 2003; 300 : 1384–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sherwood SC, Lanzante JR, Meyer CL. Radiosonde daytime biases and late-20th century warming. Science 2005; 309 : 1556–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tomai T, Mitani S, Komatsu D, Kawaguchi Y, Honma I. Metal-free aqueous redox capacitor via proton rocking-chair system in an organic-based couple. Sci Rep 2014; 4 : 3591.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Thériault M, Rosiers FD. Modeling Urban Dynamics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2011.
An edited book
Cheng L, Bostwick DG, editors. Essentials of Anatomic Pathology. Second Edition. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Borst DE, Boatright JH, Nickerson JM. Molecular Biology of IRBP and Its Role in the Visual Cycle. In: Tombran-Tink J, Barnstable CJ, editors. Visual Transduction and Non-Visual Light Perception. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2008 p. 87–122.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Medical Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. Molecules of noble gases have been discovered in space. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2013. Available from:, accessed on October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. High Speed Rail: Learning From Service Start-ups, Prospects for Increased Industry Investment, and Federal Oversight Plans. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010 Jun. Report No.: GAO-10-625.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cinquemani S. Fostering New Spaces: Challenging Dominant Constructions of Power and Knowledge in Early Childhood Art Education [Doctoral dissertation]. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yee V. Rumors Fly Among Hasidim About Abducted Man’s Death. New York Times. 2014 : A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Medical Research
AbbreviationIndian J. Med. Res.
ISSN (print)0971-5916
ScopeGeneral Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
General Medicine

Other styles