How to format your references using the Molecular and Cellular Probes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular and Cellular Probes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
I.G. Mitrofanov, Astrophysics: a constraint on canonical quantum gravity?, Nature. 426 (2003) 139.
A journal article with 2 authors
R.A. Hayes, B.J. Feenstra, Video-speed electronic paper based on electrowetting, Nature. 425 (2003) 383–385.
A journal article with 3 authors
M.F. Whiting, S. Bradler, T. Maxwell, Loss and recovery of wings in stick insects, Nature. 421 (2003) 264–267.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D. Zhao, I. Katsouras, M. Li, K. Asadi, J. Tsurumi, G. Glasser, J. Takeya, P.W.M. Blom, D.M. de Leeuw, Polarization fatigue of organic ferroelectric capacitors, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5075.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
K. Perini, P. Sabbion, Urban Sustainability and River Restoration, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2017.
An edited book
S. Jacobs, Foundation Flex for Developers: Data-Driven Applications with PHP, ASP.NET, ColdFusion, and LCDS, Apress, Berkeley, CA, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
M.K. Singh, H. Kumar, M.P. Gupta, J. Madaan, The Social Media Cone: Towards Achieving the Manufacturing Competitiveness Goals, in: Y.K. Dwivedi, M. Mäntymäki, M.N. Ravishankar, M. Janssen, M. Clement, E.L. Slade, N.P. Rana, S. Al-Sharhan, A.C. Simintiras (Eds.), Social Media: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly: 15th IFIP WG 6.11 Conference on e-Business, e-Services, and e-Society, I3E 2016, Swansea, UK, September 13–15, 2016, Proceedings, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 53–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular and Cellular Probes.

Blog post
J. Fang, Alligator Snapping Turtle Split into Three Separate Species, IFLScience. (2014).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, DOD Instruction 5000.5X, Standard Instruction Set Architectures for Embedded Computers, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1982.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M.L. Florio, Assessing the impacts of knowing natural team player styles on team satisfaction and cohesion, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Taylor, Principal Acknowledged Forging Answers on Tests for Students, Officials Say, New York Times. (2015) A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular and Cellular Probes
AbbreviationMol. Cell. Probes
ISSN (print)0890-8508
ScopeCell Biology
Molecular Biology

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