How to format your references using the Combination Products in Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Combination Products in Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Cyranoski D. Singapore surges upwards. Nature. 2008;455:1144–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Gerson AR, Guglielmo CG. Flight at low ambient humidity increases protein catabolism in migratory birds. Science. 2011;333:1434–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Ogata H, Nishikawa K, Lubitz W. Hydrogens detected by subatomic resolution protein crystallography in a [NiFe] hydrogenase. Nature. 2015;520:571–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Yamamoto JK, Fairchild TR, Boggiani PC, Montanheiro TJ, de Araújo CC, Kiyohara PK, et al. A record of Permian subaqueous vent activity in southeastern Brazil. Nature. 2005;438:205–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. King AM. Internal Control of Fixed Assets. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1. Castoldi F, Blonna D, Assom M, editors. Simple and Complex Fractures of the Humerus: A Guide to Assessment and Treatment. Milano: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Nobakht B, Bonsangue MM, de Boer FS, de Gouw S. Monitoring Method Call Sequences Using Annotations. In: Barbosa LS, Lumpe M, editors. Formal Aspects of Component Software: 7th International Workshop, FACS 2010, Guimarães, Portugal, October 14-16, 2010, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 53–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Combination Products in Therapy.

Blog post
1. Hale T. This Giant Black Slug Is Almost As Big As Your Arm [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/this-giant-black-slug-is-almost-as-big-as-your-arm/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Surface Transportation: States Are Experimenting With Design-Build Contracting. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 Apr. Report No.: RCED-97-138R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. HaMai T. The “other” women: What about the experiences of women faculty of color in community colleges? [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Murphy MJO. Remembering the Phonograph. New York Times. 2015 Jul 3;C22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCombination Products in Therapy
ISSN (print)2195-5859
ISSN (online)2190-9180
Scope

Other styles