How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Dermatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Dermatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sarewitz D. World view: Tomorrow never knows. Nature. 2010 Jan 7;463(7277):24.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ranta E, Kaitala V. Ecology. A leap for lion populations. Science. 2005 Jan 21;307(5708):365–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Anderson DM, Overpeck JT, Gupta AK. Increase in the Asian southwest monsoon during the past four centuries. Science. 2002 Jul 26;297(5581):596–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hoffman JE, Hudson EW, Lang KM, Madhavan V, Eisaki H, Uchida S, et al. A four unit cell periodic pattern of quasi-particle states surrounding vortex cores in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+delta. Science. 2002 Jan 18;295(5554):466–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bailly P. Materials and Structures under Shock and Impact. Hoboken, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Jeschke S, Isenhardt I, Hees F, Trantow S, editors. Enabling Innovation: Innovative Capability - German and International Views. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. XII, 488 p.
A chapter in an edited book
Kang JX, Weylandt KH. Modulation of Inflammatory Cytokines by Omega-3 Fatty Acids. In: Quinn PJ, Wang X, editors. Lipids in Health and Disease. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008. p. 133–43. (Subcellular Biochemistry).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Dermatology.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Rare Method To Weigh A Star Proves Einstein Right Once Again [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Elementary and Secondary Education: Flexibility Initiatives Do Not Address Districts’ Key Concerns About Federal Requirements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000 Jan. Report No.: T-HEHS-00-51.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kopaygorodsky E. Mathematical Model of Ultra-Rapid PSA [Doctoral dissertation]. [Cincinnati, OH]: University of Cincinnati; 2001.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. If the Pay’s “Confidential,” It Just Disappeared. New York Times. 2007 Jan 14;14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Dermatology
AbbreviationIndian J. Dermatol.
ISSN (print)0019-5154
ISSN (online)1998-3611

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