How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Dermatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Dermatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dewandre N. Women in science. European strategies for promoting women in science. Science. 2002 Jan 11;295(5553):278–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Malakoff D, Cho A. MILITARY RESEARCH: Researchers Target Flaws in Ballistic Missile Defense Plan. Science. 2000 Jun 16;288(5473):1940–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yoon JW, Song SH, Magnusson R. Ultrahigh-Q metallic nanocavity resonances with externally-amplified intracavity feedback. Sci Rep. 2014 Nov 20;4:7124.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Reinhard CT, Raiswell R, Scott C, Anbar AD, Lyons TW. A late Archean sulfidic sea stimulated by early oxidative weathering of the continents. Science. 2009 Oct 30;326(5953):713–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dmytryk R. Wildlife Search and Rescue. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
Dai H, Liu JNK, Smirnov E, editors. Reliable Knowledge Discovery. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2012. XVIII, 310 p.
A chapter in an edited book
Marshall JD. Problematization or Methodology. In: Smeyers P, Depaepe M, editors. Educational Research: Why ‘What Works’ Doesn’t Work. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007. p. 81–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Dermatology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Recording The Entire Nervous System In Real Time Will Unlock Secrets Of The Brain [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Station: Status of Financial Reserves. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Jul. Report No.: NSIAD-92-279.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wiggins BB. Using Induced Signals to Develop a Position-Sensitive Microchannel Plate Detector [Doctoral dissertation]. [Bloomington, IN]: Indiana University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky L. Motorcycle Derby. New York Times. 2010 Sep 26;ST3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Dermatology
AbbreviationIndian J. Dermatol.
ISSN (print)0019-5154
ISSN (online)1998-3611

Other styles