How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Dermatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Dermatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jungmann KP. Particle physics: Matter and antimatter scrutinized. Nature. 2015 Aug 13;524(7564):168–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hertzfeld HR, Pace SN. Space law. International cooperation on human lunar heritage. Science. 2013 Nov 29;342(6162):1049–50.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mitchell RN, Kilian TM, Evans DAD. Supercontinent cycles and the calculation of absolute palaeolongitude in deep time. Nature. 2012 Feb 8;482(7384):208–11.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Blair KM, Turner L, Winkelman JT, Berg HC, Kearns DB. A molecular clutch disables flagella in the Bacillus subtilis biofilm. Science. 2008 Jun 20;320(5883):1636–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhang W, Wan M. Milling Simulation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
Engelken-Jorge M, Güell PI, del Río CM, editors. Politics and Emotions: The Obama Phenomenon. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften; 2011. 191 p. 1 illus.
A chapter in an edited book
Garcia A, Linaza MT, Gutierrez A, Garcia E, Ornes I. Generation of Gamified Mobile Experiences by DMOs. In: Inversini A, Schegg R, editors. Information and Communication Technologies in Tourism 2016: Proceedings of the International Conference in Bilbao, Spain, February 2-5, 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 45–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Dermatology.

Blog post
Hale T. People Who Trim Their Pubes Are More Likely To Have An STI [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Transportation Infrastructure: The Nation’s Highway Bridges Remain at Risk From Earthquakes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Jan. Report No.: RCED-92-59.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sutton DL. Preparing instrumental teachers: A resource for volunteer, lay music teachers in Salvation Army churches [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. A Mister Softee Who Found His Calling. New York Times. 2000 Jul 23;144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Dermatology
AbbreviationIndian J. Dermatol.
ISSN (print)0019-5154
ISSN (online)1998-3611

Other styles