How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Dermatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Dermatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Begelman MC. Evidence for black holes. Science. 2003 Jun 20;300(5627):1898–903.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brown S, Zarin D. Environmental science. What does zero deforestation mean? Science. 2013 Nov 15;342(6160):805–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Solis RS, Haas J, Creamer W. Dating Caral, a preceramic site in the Supe Valley on the central coast of Peru. Science. 2001 Apr 27;292(5517):723–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hsieh Y-D, Iyonaga Y, Sakaguchi Y, Yokoyama S, Inaba H, Minoshima K, et al. Spectrally interleaved, comb-mode-resolved spectroscopy using swept dual terahertz combs. Sci Rep. 2014 Jan 22;4:3816.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pavlović T, Alvarez I, Blanco-Cano R, Grisales A, Osorio A, Sánchez A. 100 Years of Spanish Cinema. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2008.
An edited book
Dixon GR, Aldous DE, editors. Horticulture: Plants for People and Places, Volume 1: Production Horticulture. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014. XXI, 599 p. 152 illus., 126 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
Buescher N, Holzer A, Weber A, Katzenbeisser S. Compiling Low Depth Circuits for Practical Secure Computation. In: Askoxylakis I, Ioannidis S, Katsikas S, Meadows C, editors. Computer Security – ESORICS 2016: 21st European Symposium on Research in Computer Security, Heraklion, Greece, September 26-30, 2016, Proceedings, Part II. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 80–98. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Dermatology.

Blog post
Fang J. World’s Second Largest Impact Crater Was Made by a Comet [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. FCC: Non-Voice, Non-Geostationary Mobile Satellite Service. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 Nov. Report No.: OGC-98-11.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Randall R. Department of Children and Family Services workers’ knowledge of childhood obesity and services for obese children [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon J, Nolan K. In Milwaukee, Worries Over Eliminating Rule That Police Must Live in City. New York Times. 2016 Aug 19;A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Dermatology
AbbreviationIndian J. Dermatol.
ISSN (print)0019-5154
ISSN (online)1998-3611

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