How to format your references using the Educational Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Educational Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rosenberg, S. A. 2001. “Progress in Human Tumour Immunology and Immunotherapy.” Nature 411 (6835): 380–384.
A journal article with 2 authors
Steinhardt, Paul J., and Neil Turok. 2006. “Why the Cosmological Constant Is Small and Positive.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 312 (5777): 1180–1183.
A journal article with 3 authors
Prins, M. W., W. J. Welters, and J. W. Weekamp. 2001. “Fluid Control in Multichannel Structures by Electrocapillary Pressure.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 291 (5502): 277–280.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Kim, Yeongin, Alex Chortos, Wentao Xu, Yuxin Liu, Jin Young Oh, Donghee Son, Jiheong Kang, et al. 2018. “A Bioinspired Flexible Organic Artificial Afferent Nerve.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 360 (6392): 998–1003.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dimitriadis, Grigorios. 2017. Introduction to Nonlinear Aeroelasticity. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Buyya, Rajkumar, Mukaddim Pathan, and Athena Vakali, eds. 2008. Content Delivery Networks. Vol. 9. Lecture Notes Electrical Engineering. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Toyama, Hideo, Megumi Nakano, Yuuki Satake, and Nobuo Toyama. 2008. “Rapid Isolation of the Trichoderma Strain with Higher Degrading Ability of a Filter Paper and Superior Proliferation Characteristics Using Avicel Plates and the Double-Layer Selection Medium.” In Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals: Proceedings of the Twenty-Ninth Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals Held April 29–May 2, 2007, in Denver, Colorado, edited by William S. Adney, James D. McMillan, Jonathan Mielenz, and K. Thomas Klasson, 23–28. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Educational Review.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2016. “Queen Nefertari’s Mummified Legs Have Been Identified In An Italian Museum.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1994. Interstate Commerce Commission: Transferring ICC’s Rail Regulatory Responsibilities May Not Achieve Desired Effects. T-RCED-94-222. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Song, Hyun-Jin. 2014. “Strategic Constraints of Economic Interdependence: South Korea’s Changing Strategy in the Face of a Rising China.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, Mary J. O. 2015. “A Look at Past Stories and Articles in The Times.” New York Times, December 25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rosenberg 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Rosenberg 2001; Steinhardt and Turok 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Steinhardt and Turok 2006)
  • Three authors: (Prins, Welters, and Weekamp 2001)
  • 4 or more authors: (Kim et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleEducational Review
AbbreviationEduc. Rev.
ISSN (print)0013-1911
ISSN (online)1465-3397

Other styles