How to format your references using the Educational Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Educational Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fink, Donald W., Jr. 2009. “FDA Regulation of Stem Cell-Based Products.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 324 (5935): 1662–1663.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaspari, Michael, and Michael D. Weiser. 2014. “Ecology. Meet the New Boss, Same as the Old Boss.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 343 (6174): 974–975.
A journal article with 3 authors
Martin, Andreas, Tania A. Baker, and Robert T. Sauer. 2005. “Rebuilt AAA + Motors Reveal Operating Principles for ATP-Fuelled Machines.” Nature 437 (7062): 1115–1120.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Qi, Yijun, Xingyue He, Xiu-Jie Wang, Oleksiy Kohany, Jerzy Jurka, and Gregory J. Hannon. 2006. “Distinct Catalytic and Non-Catalytic Roles of ARGONAUTE4 in RNA-Directed DNA Methylation.” Nature 443 (7114): 1008–1012.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Holzman, Gerianne, CVT VTS De, and Teri Raffel CVT VTS Su. 2015. Surgical Patient Care for Veterinary Technicians and Nurses. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Flandre, Denis, Alexei N. Nazarov, and Peter L. F. Hemment, eds. 2005. Science and Technology of Semiconductor-On-Insulator Structures and Devices Operating in a Harsh Environment: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Science and Technology of Semiconductor-On-Insulator Structures and Devices Operating in a Harsh Environment Kiev, Ukraine 26–30 April 2004. Vol. 185. NATO Science Series II: Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Sharma, Atul, Jaya Srivastava, and Anil Kumar. 2015. “A Comprehensive Overview of Renewable Energy Status in India.” In Environmental Sustainability: Role of Green Technologies, edited by P. Thangavel and G. Sridevi, 91–105. New Delhi: Springer India.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Educational Review.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2015. “Awesome X-Ray Images Show A Python Breaking Down An Alligator.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1983. Small Computers in the Federal Government: Management Is Needed To Realize Potential and Prevent Problems. AFMD-83-36. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Do, Nghia Huy. 2012. “An Examination of Support Systems to Enable Vietnamese Immigrants to Acquire English Skills.” Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, Chris. 2016. “Trump, the Insult Comic Candidate.” New York Times, August 29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fink 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Fink 2009; Kaspari and Weiser 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kaspari and Weiser 2014)
  • Three authors: (Martin, Baker, and Sauer 2005)
  • 4 or more authors: (Qi et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleEducational Review
AbbreviationEduc. Rev.
ISSN (print)0013-1911
ISSN (online)1465-3397

Other styles