How to format your references using the Educational Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Educational Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kher, Unmesh. 2010. “A Call for Collaboration.” Nature 466 (7304): S21-2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Koch, Christof, and Klaus Hepp. 2006. “Quantum Mechanics in the Brain.” Nature 440 (7084): 611.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chakraborty, Pinaki, Gustavo Gioia, and Susan W. Kieffer. 2009. “Volcanic Mesocyclones.” Nature 458 (7237): 497–500.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Reimann, J., S. Schlauderer, C. P. Schmid, F. Langer, S. Baierl, K. A. Kokh, O. E. Tereshchenko, et al. 2018. “Subcycle Observation of Lightwave-Driven Dirac Currents in a Topological Surface Band.” Nature 562 (7727): 396–400.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Woolley, Tom. 2013. Low Impact Building. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons.
An edited book
Zecchin, Massimo, and Gianfranco Sinagra, eds. 2016. The Arrhythmic Patient in the Emergency Department: A Practical Guide for Cardiologists and Emergency Physicians. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Forestier, Germain, Cédric Wemmert, and Pierre Gançarski. 2008. “Collaborative Multi-Strategical Clustering for Object-Oriented Image Analysis.” In Supervised and Unsupervised Ensemble Methods and Their Applications, edited by Oleg Okun and Giorgio Valentini, 71–88. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Educational Review.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “NASA’s Dawn Spacecraft Becomes First To Orbit A Dwarf Planet.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1995. Medicare Transaction System: Strengthened Management and Sound Development Approach Critical to Success. T-AIMD-96-12. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gage, Jennifer Diane. 2009. “An Inconsistency-Based Approach for Sensing Assessment in Unknown Environments.” Doctoral dissertation, Tampa, FL: University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tavernise, Sabrina. 2015. “A Moscow of Dancing Feet, Under an Iron Fist.” New York Times, August 9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kher 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Kher 2010; Koch and Hepp 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Koch and Hepp 2006)
  • Three authors: (Chakraborty, Gioia, and Kieffer 2009)
  • 4 or more authors: (Reimann et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleEducational Review
AbbreviationEduc. Rev.
ISSN (print)0013-1911
ISSN (online)1465-3397

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