How to format your references using the Educational Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Educational Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mitchell, Tom M. 2009. “Computer Science. Mining Our Reality.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 326 (5960): 1644–1645.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liou, J. C., and N. L. Johnson. 2006. “Planetary Science. Risks in Space from Orbiting Debris.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 311 (5759): 340–341.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dale, V. H., C. M. Crisafulli, and F. J. Swanson. 2005. “Ecology. 25 Years of Ecological Change at Mount St. Helens.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 308 (5724): 961–962.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Cliften, Paul, Priya Sudarsanam, Ashwin Desikan, Lucinda Fulton, Bob Fulton, John Majors, Robert Waterston, Barak A. Cohen, and Mark Johnston. 2003. “Finding Functional Features in Saccharomyces Genomes by Phylogenetic Footprinting.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 301 (5629): 71–76.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Costa, François, Cyrille Gautier, Eric Labouré, and Bertrand Revol. 2013. Electromagnetic Compatibility in Power Electronics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Adnan, Rahmat, Shariman Ismadi Ismail, and Norasrudin Sulaiman, eds. 2014. Proceedings of the International Colloquium on Sports Science, Exercise, Engineering and Technology 2014 (ICoSSEET 2014). Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Souma, Wataru, Yoshi Fujiwara, and Hideaki Aoyama. 2006. “Heterogeneous Economic Networks.” In The Complex Networks of Economic Interactions: Essays in Agent-Based Economics and Econophysics, edited by Akira Namatame, Taisei Kaizouji, and Yuuji Aruka, 79–92. Lecture Notes in Economics and Mathematical Systems. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Educational Review.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Rise And Shine! New Horizons Awakes Ahead Of A Date With Pluto.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Progress Made at Department of Labor, But Key Systems at Risk. T-AIMD-98-303. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jorge, Maldonado Higinio. 2004. “Relationships Among Poverty, Financial Services, Human Capital, Risk Coping, and Natural Resources: Evidence from El Salvador and Bolivia.” Doctoral dissertation, Columbus, OH: Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, Ben. 2016. “On Field or Film, Nothing Gets by Him.” New York Times, November 30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mitchell 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Mitchell 2009; Liou and Johnson 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liou and Johnson 2006)
  • Three authors: (Dale, Crisafulli, and Swanson 2005)
  • 4 or more authors: (Cliften et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleEducational Review
AbbreviationEduc. Rev.
ISSN (print)0013-1911
ISSN (online)1465-3397

Other styles