How to format your references using the Educational Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Educational Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grayson, Michelle. 2012. “Malaria.” Nature 484 (7395): S13.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shim, M., and P. Guyot-Sionnest. 2000. “N-Type Colloidal Semiconductor Nanocrystals.” Nature 407 (6807): 981–983.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kersten, S., B. Desvergne, and W. Wahli. 2000. “Roles of PPARs in Health and Disease.” Nature 405 (6785): 421–424.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Vardi, Assaf, Benjamin A. S. Van Mooy, Helen F. Fredricks, Kimberly J. Popendorf, Justin E. Ossolinski, Liti Haramaty, and Kay D. Bidle. 2009. “Viral Glycosphingolipids Induce Lytic Infection and Cell Death in Marine Phytoplankton.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 326 (5954): 861–865.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Battu, Daniel. 2014. New Telecom Networks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Landoni, Giovanni, Laura Ruggeri, and Alberto Zangrillo, eds. 2014. Reducing Mortality in the Perioperative Period. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Roza, Thuane Da, Sofia Brandão, Teresa Mascarenhas, José Alberto Duarte, and R. M. Natal Jorge. 2015. “Pelvic Floor Muscles Behavior in Practitioners of High and Low Impact Sports.” In Computational and Experimental Biomedical Sciences: Methods and Applications: ICCEBS 2013 -- International Conference on Computational and Experimental Biomedical Sciences, edited by João Manuel R. S. Tavares and R. M. Natal Jorge, 75–82. Lecture Notes in Computational Vision and Biomechanics. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Educational Review.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Quasar Sheds Light On A Twin Black Hole Secret.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. Space Station: Cost Control Problems. T-NSIAD-98-54. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jiang, Wei. 2010. “Advanced Techniques for Semantic Concept Detection in General Videos.” Doctoral dissertation, New York, NY: Columbia University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, Kelly. 2011. “Amid Marshmallow Mountains.” New York Times, February 13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grayson 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Grayson 2012; Shim and Guyot-Sionnest 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shim and Guyot-Sionnest 2000)
  • Three authors: (Kersten, Desvergne, and Wahli 2000)
  • 4 or more authors: (Vardi et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleEducational Review
AbbreviationEduc. Rev.
ISSN (print)0013-1911
ISSN (online)1465-3397

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