How to format your references using the Reproductive Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reproductive Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Heki K. Seasonal modulation of interseismic strain buildup in northeastern Japan driven by snow loads. Science. 2001;293:89–92.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Vohr SH, Green RE. Development. Aneuploidy and mother’s genes. Science. 2015;348:180–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Costello C, Gaines SD, Lynham J. Can catch shares prevent fisheries collapse? Science. 2008;321:1678–81.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Rehmann H, Arias-Palomo E, Hadders MA, Schwede F, Llorca O, Bos JL. Structure of Epac2 in complex with a cyclic AMP analogue and RAP1B. Nature. 2008;455:124–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Hendrick J. Law and Ethics in Children’s Nursing. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
1. Bebis G, Boyle R, Parvin B, Koracin D, Kuno Y, Wang J, et al., editors. Advances in Visual Computing: 5th International Symposium, ISVC 2009, Las Vegas, NV, USA, November 30 - December 2, 2009, Proceedings, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Herfeld C, Schaubroeck K. The Importance of Commitment for Morality: How Harry Frankfurt’s Concept of Care Contributes to Rational Choice Theory. In: Musschenga B, van Harskamp A, editors. What Makes Us Moral? On the capacities and conditions for being moral. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013. p. 51–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reproductive Health.

Blog post
1. Fang J. T. Rex’s Strong Neck Makes Up for Short Arms [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Continued Attention Needed to Accurately Report Federal Spending and Improve Management. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011 Jul. Report No.: GAO-11-831T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Mueller K. Biases in the Selection Process Against Applicants with Tattoos [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Crow K. With Young Rhythm in His Bones, A Drummers’ Drummer Turns 80. New York Times. 2000 Sep 17;146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleReproductive Health
AbbreviationReprod. Health
ISSN (online)1742-4755
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Reproductive Medicine

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