How to format your references using the Journal of Solid State Lighting citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Solid State Lighting. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Batey RT (2014) Structural biology: Lariat lessons. Nature 514:173–174
A journal article with 2 authors
Kinnamon SC, Reynolds SD (2009) Cell biology. Using taste to clear the air(ways). Science 325:1081–1082
A journal article with 3 authors
Hatano T, Stopa M, Tarucha S (2005) Single-electron delocalization in hybrid vertical-lateral double quantum dots. Science 309:268–271
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Lauvau G, Vijh S, Kong P, et al (2001) Priming of memory but not effector CD8 T cells by a killed bacterial vaccine. Science 294:1735–1739

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McLean D (2012) Understanding Aerodynamics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Schinas O, Grau C, Johns M (2015) HSBA Handbook on Ship Finance. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Assadi F, Sharbaf FG (2016) Pharmacokinetics of CRRT. In: Ghane Sharbaf F (ed) Pediatric Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy: Principles and Practice. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 99–120

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Solid State Lighting.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Can Crows Be Trained To Pick Up Litter? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1982) The Requirements Determination Process Can Be Improved at NASA’s Langley Research Center. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bryant D (2012) A good story changes everything. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2009) Girardi Was Right, Manuel More So. New York Times B11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Solid State Lighting
AbbreviationJ. Solid State Light.
ISSN (online)2196-1107

Other styles