How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Harvey CF. Groundwater flow in the Ganges Delta. Science. 2002 May 31;296(5573):1563.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maizels RM, Gause WC. Immunology. How helminths go viral. Science. 2014 Aug 1;345(6196):517–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang J, Ewing RC, Becker U. Average structure and local configuration of excess oxygen in UO(2+x). Sci Rep. 2014 Mar 19;4:4216.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Scheffler M, Dressel M, Jourdan M, Adrian H. Extremely slow Drude relaxation of correlated electrons. Nature. 2005 Dec 22;438(7071):1135–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
van der Heide P. Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
Shen V, editor. Dao Companion to Classical Confucian Philosophy. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014. VI, 404 p. (Dao Companions to Chinese Philosophy; vol. 3).
A chapter in an edited book
Zhang B, Zhang L. Multi-modal and Multi-granular Learning. In: Zhou Z-H, Li H, Yang Q, editors. Advances in Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining: 11th Pacific-Asia Conference, PAKDD 2007, Nanjing, China, May 22-25, 2007 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 9–10. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew E. Troubling Times for Tigers [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2013 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Current National Issues Involving Science and Technology. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1979 Nov. Report No.: 094310.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mbwiri FI. Remedial Math Instruction Intervention: Efficacy of Constructivist Practices on Alternative Students with Disabilities Mathematics Achievement [Doctoral dissertation]. [Scottsdale, AZ]: Northcentral University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Herrman J. Platform Companies Are Becoming More Powerful — but What Exactly Do They Want? New York Times. 2017 Mar 21;MM16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
AbbreviationIndian J. Crit. Care Med.
ISSN (print)0972-5229
ISSN (online)1998-359X
ScopeCritical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

Other styles