How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chergui M. Chemistry. Controlling biological functions. Science. 2006 Sep 1;313(5791):1246–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Leathers ML, Olson CR. Response to comment on “In monkeys making value-based decisions, LIP neurons encode cue salience and not action value.” Science. 2013 Apr 26;340(6131):430.
A journal article with 3 authors
Suzuki T, Asami M, Perry ACF. Asymmetric parental genome engineering by Cas9 during mouse meiotic exit. Sci Rep. 2014 Dec 23;4:7621.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lee YC, Jin E, Jung SW, Kim YM, Chang KS, Yang JW, et al. Utilizing the algicidal activity of aminoclay as a practical treatment for toxic red tides. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1292.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Müller G, Ponick B. Grundlagen elektrischer Maschinen. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
Beyzadeoglu M. Radiation Oncology: A MCQ and Case Study-Based Review. Ozyigit G, Selek U, editors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. XIV, 490 p. 341 illus., 285 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
Lawson RR, Snow A. The Interface of Emergency Department, Oncology, and Palliative Social Work: Psychosocial Interventions in Oncologic Emergencies. In: Todd KH, Thomas CR Jr, editors. Oncologic Emergency Medicine: Principles and Practice. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 67–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew E. Sea Creatures Will Get Bigger And Bigger (If We Don’t Eat Them First) [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Basis Used by the Office of Education for Classifying Contracts as Either Competitive or Noncompetitive. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1971 Mar. Report No.: B-164031(1).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Romano TA. Time-frequency classification of gamma oscillatory activity in the frontoparietal system during working memory [Doctoral dissertation]. [Boca Raton, FL]: Florida Atlantic University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon J, Cacciola S. Player’s Protest Revives a Spirit of Activism From the Days of Ali. New York Times. 2016 Sep 12;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
AbbreviationIndian J. Crit. Care Med.
ISSN (print)0972-5229
ISSN (online)1998-359X
ScopeCritical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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