How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Boothroyd AI. Astronomy. Heavy elements in stars. Science. 2006 Dec 15;314(5806):1690–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Guerrero I, Ruiz i Altaba A. Development. Longing for ligand: hedgehog, patched, and cell death. Science. 2003 Aug 8;301(5634):774–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Venditti C, Meade A, Pagel M. Multiple routes to mammalian diversity. Nature. 2011 Oct 19;479(7373):393–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tosatti E, Prestipino S, Kostlmeier S, Dal Corso A, Di Tolla FD. String tension and stability of magic tip-suspended nanowires. Science. 2001 Jan 12;291(5502):288–90.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ishiyama JT. Comparative Politics. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
Herkenhoff L. Applied Statistics for Business and Management using Microsoft Excel. Fogli J, editor. New York, NY: Springer; 2013. XIV, 417 p. 620 illus., 569 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
Wilk S, Michalowski M, Tan X, Michalowski W. Using First-Order Logic to Represent Clinical Practice Guidelines and to Mitigate Adverse Interactions. In: Miksch S, Riaño D, ten Teije A, editors. Knowledge Representation for Health Care: 6th International Workshop, KR4HC 2014, held as part of the Vienna Summer of Logic, VSL 2014, Vienna, Austria, July 21, 2014 Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 45–61. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine.

Blog post
Luntz S. Death Star Moon Could Have An Ocean. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Older Adults: Federal Strategy Needed to Help Ensure Efficient and Effective Delivery of Home and Community-Based Services and Supports. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015 May. Report No.: GAO-15-190.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Prendergast CA. Nontraditional online students perceptions on student success conditions [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B. Muguruza Cruises Through a Duel of Roland Garros Champions. New York Times. 2017 May 30;B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
AbbreviationIndian J. Crit. Care Med.
ISSN (print)0972-5229
ISSN (online)1998-359X
ScopeCritical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

Other styles