How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Robinson CV. John Fenn (1917-2010). Nature. 2011 Jan 20;469(7330):300.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaib NA, Quinn T. Reassessing the source of long-period comets. Science. 2009 Sep 4;325(5945):1234–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaina N, Fink M, Lerosey G. Composite media mixing Bragg and local resonances for highly attenuating and broad bandgaps. Sci Rep. 2013 Nov 19;3:3240.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chen T, Wang J, Li C, Zhang W, Zhang L, An L, et al. Nafamostat mesilate attenuates neuronal damage in a rat model of transient focal cerebral ischemia through thrombin inhibition. Sci Rep. 2014 Jul 2;4:5531.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sundararajan D. Discretewavelet Transform. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons, Singapore Pte. Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
Nakanishi Y, editor. Contemporary Issues in Environmental Law: The EU and Japan. 1st ed. 2016. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2016. XIV, 216 p. 3 illus., 1 illus. in color. (Environmental Protection in the European Union; vol. 5).
A chapter in an edited book
Church JM. Norms, Rules and Sustainable Planning: Who Said What About Norms. In: Mancebo F, Sachs I, editors. Transitions to Sustainability. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2015. p. 55–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine.

Blog post
Hamilton K. Yoshinori Ohsumi – A Deserving Winner Of The Nobel Prize For Physiology Or Medicine [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Education Block Grant: How Funds Reserved for State Efforts in California and Washington Are Used. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986 May. Report No.: HRD-86-94.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Quackenbush CM. The Imaginal Stone: Stories of self and world [Doctoral dissertation]. [Carpinteria, CA]: Pacifica Graduate Institute; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy MJO. Baseball and Showbiz in 1924. New York Times. 2014 Oct 3;C27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
AbbreviationIndian J. Crit. Care Med.
ISSN (print)0972-5229
ISSN (online)1998-359X
ScopeCritical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

Other styles