How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lucchitta I. Comment on “Apatite 4He/3He and (U-Th)/He evidence for an ancient Grand Canyon.” Science. 2013 Apr 12;340(6129):143.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sabado RL, Bhardwaj N. Cancer immunotherapy: dendritic-cell vaccines on the move. Nature. 2015 Mar 19;519(7543):300–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
Maret S, Bergin EA, Lada CJ. A low fraction of nitrogen in molecular form in a dark cloud. Nature. 2006 Jul 27;442(7101):425–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Uchic MD, Dimiduk DM, Florando JN, Nix WD. Sample dimensions influence strength and crystal plasticity. Science. 2004 Aug 13;305(5686):986–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Connors LA, Alvarez C. How Markets Really Work. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Hess PO. Pseudo-Complex General Relativity. Schäfer M, Greiner W, editors. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. XV, 250 p. 33 illus., 11 illus. in color. (FIAS Interdisciplinary Science Series).
A chapter in an edited book
Pulido F, McCreary D, Cañellas I, McClaran M, Plieninger T. Oak Regeneration: Ecological Dynamics and Restoration Techniques. In: Campos P, Huntsinger L, Oviedo Pro JL, Starrs PF, Diaz M, Standiford RB, et al., editors. Mediterranean Oak Woodland Working Landscapes: Dehesas of Spain and Ranchlands of California. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013. p. 123–44. (Landscape Series).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew E. The Next Generation Of Antibiotics Might Be Right Under Our Feet [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology Investment Management: A Framework for Assessing and Improving Process Maturity (Supersedes AIMD-10.1.23). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004 Mar. Report No.: GAO-04-394G.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Slabaugh JL. The Occurrence of Alternans and Arrhythmias in a Multicellular, Cardiac Preparation [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Trump v. the Court. New York Times. 2017 Feb 4;SR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
AbbreviationIndian J. Crit. Care Med.
ISSN (print)0972-5229
ISSN (online)1998-359X
ScopeCritical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

Other styles