How to format your references using the Brain Tumor Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Brain Tumor Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott A (2000) CERN claims first experimental creation of quark-gluon plasma. European Laboratory for Particle Physics. Nature 403:581
A journal article with 2 authors
Nakatani H, Yamaguchi Y (2014) Quick concurrent responses to global and local cognitive information underlie intuitive understanding in board-game experts. Sci Rep 4:5894
A journal article with 3 authors
Sigman DM, Jaccard SL, Haug GH (2004) Polar ocean stratification in a cold climate. Nature 428:59–63
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ramachandran N, Hainsworth E, Bhullar B, et al (2004) Self-assembling protein microarrays. Science 305:86–90

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kaltashov IA, Eyles SJ (2005) Mass Spectrometry in Biophysics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Chirici G, Winter S, McRoberts RE (2011) National Forest Inventories: Contributions to Forest Biodiversity Assessments. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Carro LP, Golano P, Escajadillo NF, et al (2014) Normal Articular Anatomy. In: Kim Y-J, Mamisch TC (eds) Hip Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Springer, New York, NY, pp 57–72

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Brain Tumor Pathology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) New Biobattery Fueled By Sweat. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993) Disadvantaged Business Enterprise Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bryant D (2012) A good story changes everything. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara S (2015) Art Appreciation 101: Take a Nap. New York Times CT9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBrain Tumor Pathology
AbbreviationBrain Tumor Pathol.
ISSN (print)1433-7398
ISSN (online)1861-387X
ScopeCancer Research
General Medicine
Clinical Neurology

Other styles