How to format your references using the Translational Stroke Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Translational Stroke Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Cyranoski D. Singapore surges upwards. Nature. 2008;455:1144–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Goodson JL, Bass AH. Forebrain peptides modulate sexually polymorphic vocal circuitry. Nature. 2000;403:769–72.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Paul JW, West JP, Gitler AD. Cell Biology. Clogging information flow in ALS. Science. 2014;345:1118–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Frega M, Tedesco M, Massobrio P, Pesce M, Martinoia S. Network dynamics of 3D engineered neuronal cultures: a new experimental model for in-vitro electrophysiology. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5489.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Henden J. Beating Combat Stress. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
1. Fiandaca G, editor. Women and the Mafia. New York, NY: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Hu KS, Harrison LB. Cancer of the Oral Cavity and Oropharynx. In: Lu JJ, Brady LW, editors. Decision Making in Radiation Oncology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 75–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Translational Stroke Research.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Mind-Controlled Prosthetic Leg Unveiled [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/mind-controlled-prosthetic-leg-unveiled/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. [FAA Employees’ Use of Government Vehicles for After-Hours Transportation]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Nov. Report No.: B-254296.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Zohourian M. Supply Chain Decision Making Under Demand Uncertainty and the Use of Control Systems: A Correlational Study [Doctoral dissertation]. [Scottsdale, AZ]: Northcentral University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Marx L. They Help Each Other and Their Country. New York Times. 2015 Nov 1;ST14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTranslational Stroke Research
AbbreviationTransl. Stroke Res.
ISSN (print)1868-4483
ISSN (online)1868-601X
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Clinical Neurology
General Neuroscience

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