How to format your references using the Translational Stroke Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Translational Stroke Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Goldston D. Over a pork barrel. Nature. 2007;447:628.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Hayden LA, Watson EB. A diffusion mechanism for core-mantle interaction. Nature. 2007;450:709–11.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Avitabile C, D’Andrea LD, Romanelli A. Circular Dichroism studies on the interactions of antimicrobial peptides with bacterial cells. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4293.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Costa E, Soffitta P, Bellazzini R, Brez A, Lumb N, Spandre G. An efficient photoelectric X-ray polarimeter for the study of black holes and neutron stars. Nature. 2001;411:662–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Sahinoglu M. Cyber-Risk Informatics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
1. Havelock D, Kuwano S, Vorländer M, editors. Handbook of Signal Processing in Acoustics. New York, NY: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Jentsch C, Schlosser F, Beimborn D. Applying a Configurational Approach for Explaining the Role of Relationship Quality for Successful Outsourcing Arrangements. In: Oshri I, Kotlarsky J, Willcocks LP, editors. Achieving Success and Innovation in Global Sourcing: Perspectives and Practices: 9th Global Sourcing Workshop 2015, La Thuile, Italy, February 18-21, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 62–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Translational Stroke Research.

Blog post
1. Fang J. New Telescopes Reveal Io’s Lake Of Lava [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Education Reform: School-Based Management Results in Changes in Instruction and Budgeting. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 Aug. Report No.: HEHS-94-135.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Mai J. College Application Behaviors: Factors Impacting the College Choices of High School Seniors [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Crow K. Sailing On. New York Times. 2004 Oct 3;144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTranslational Stroke Research
AbbreviationTransl. Stroke Res.
ISSN (print)1868-4483
ISSN (online)1868-601X
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Clinical Neurology
General Neuroscience

Other styles