How to format your references using the Translational Stroke Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Translational Stroke Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Kaelin WG Jr. Molecular biology. Use and abuse of RNAi to study mammalian gene function. Science. 2012;337:421–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Ji H, Zweibel E. Plasma physics. Understanding particle acceleration in astrophysical plasmas. Science. 2015;347:944–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Grantab R, Shenoy VB, Ruoff RS. Anomalous strength characteristics of tilt grain boundaries in graphene. Science. 2010;330:946–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Tsuchiya K, Ode H, Hayashida T, Kakizawa J, Sato H, Oka S, et al. Arginine insertion and loss of N-linked glycosylation site in HIV-1 envelope V3 region confer CXCR4-tropism. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2389.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Kelsey JE, Newport DJ, Nemeroff CB. Principles of Psychopharmacology for Mental Health Professionals. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
1. Hameurlain A, Küng J, Wagner R, Böhm C, Eder J, Plant C, editors. Transactions on Large-Scale Data- and Knowledge-Centered Systems IV: Special Issue on Database Systems for Biomedical Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Kuri-Morales A, Aldana-Bobadilla E. Finding Irregularly Shaped Clusters Based on Entropy. In: Perner P, editor. Advances in Data Mining Applications and Theoretical Aspects: 10th Industrial Conference, ICDM 2010, Berlin, Germany, July 12-14, 2010 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 57–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Translational Stroke Research.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. Oceans May Become Too Acidic For Animals To Smell Their Way Around. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. The Requirements Determination Process Can Be Improved at NASA’s Langley Research Center. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982 Mar. Report No.: PLRD-82-56.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Romanek JL. The relative influence of sensation seeking and normal narcissism on academic cheating in emerging adults [Doctoral dissertation]. [Scottsdale, AZ]: Northcentral University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Chapman MM. Michigan: Another Hearing On the Detroit Bankruptcy. New York Times. 2013 Aug 3;A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTranslational Stroke Research
AbbreviationTransl. Stroke Res.
ISSN (print)1868-4483
ISSN (online)1868-601X
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Clinical Neurology
General Neuroscience

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