How to format your references using the Translational Stroke Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Translational Stroke Research (Transl. Stroke Res.). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Pain E. The class of 2005. France: a knot mathematician, with a twist. Science. 2005;310:520.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Schwartz D, Collins F. Medicine. Environmental biology and human disease. Science. 2007;316:695–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Lambeck K, Esat TM, Potter E-K. Links between climate and sea levels for the past three million years. Nature. 2002;419:199–206.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Liu H, Ye F, Yao Q, Cao H, Xie J, Lee JY, et al. Stellated Ag-Pt bimetallic nanoparticles: an effective platform for catalytic activity tuning. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3969.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Dimond B. Legal Aspects of Mental Capacity. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
1. Carlsson C. Possibility for Decision: A Possibilistic Approach to Real Life Decisions. Fullér R, editor. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Aula P, Heinonen J. Extended Culture. In: Heinonen J, editor. The Reputable Firm: How Digitalization of Communication Is Revolutionizing Reputation Management. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 99–119.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Translational Stroke Research.

Blog post
1. O`Callaghan J. Here Are Gifs Of Crash Test Dummies In An Airplane To Remind You That Things Are Terrible [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Education and Employment Issue Area: Active Assignments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998 May. Report No.: AA-98-13(2).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Miller A. Group Mentoring Program to Empower Transitional-Aged Youth: A Grant Proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Murphy MJO. By Boat or Rail, East Egg to West, ‘Gatsby’ Beckons. New York Times. 2010 Oct 1;C35.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTranslational Stroke Research
AbbreviationTransl. Stroke Res.
ISSN (print)1868-4483
ISSN (online)1868-601X
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Clinical Neurology
General Neuroscience

Other styles