How to format your references using the Journal of Nursing Regulation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nursing Regulation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marrucci, G. (2003). Materials science. Polymers go with the flow. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5640), 1681–1682.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hilfinger, A., & Paulsson, J. (2015). Systems biology: Defiant daughters and coordinated cousins. Nature, 519(7544), 422–423.
A journal article with 3 authors
Long, S. B., Casey, P. J., & Beese, L. S. (2002). Reaction path of protein farnesyltransferase at atomic resolution. Nature, 419(6907), 645–650.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gerlach, D., Guo, Y., De Castro, C., Kim, S.-H., Schlatterer, K., Xu, F.-F., Pereira, C., Seeberger, P. H., Ali, S., Codée, J., Sirisarn, W., Schulte, B., Wolz, C., Larsen, J., Molinaro, A., Lee, B. L., Xia, G., Stehle, T., & Peschel, A. (2018). Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus alters cell wall glycosylation to evade immunity. Nature.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Declerck, P. (2012). Discrete Event Systems in Dioid Algebra and Conventional Algebra. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Grueau, C., & Gustavo Rocha, J. (Eds.). (2016). Geographical Information Systems Theory, Applications and Management: First International Conference, GISTAM 2015, Barcelona, Spain, April 28-30, 2015, Revised Selected Papers (1st ed. 2016, Vol. 582). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Mousavi Eshkevari, L., Arnaoudova, V., & Constantinides, C. (2008). Comprehension and Dependency Analysis of Aspect-Oriented Programs through Declarative Reasoning. In P. Hudak & D. S. Warren (Eds.), Practical Aspects of Declarative Languages: 10th International Symposium, PADL 2008, San Francisco, CA, USA, January 7-8, 2008. Proceedings (pp. 35–52). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nursing Regulation.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, August 17). Young Stars Might Help Make Organic Molecules. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1976). National Science Foundation-Supported Science Education Materials (HRD-76-134). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Norton, S. (2010). The effects of leadership-efficacy and personality on reactions to stress [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. (2017, September 3). Women’s Tennis Examines The Serve. New York Times, D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marrucci, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Hilfinger & Paulsson, 2015; Marrucci, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hilfinger & Paulsson, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Long et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Gerlach et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nursing Regulation
AbbreviationJ. Nurs. Regul.
ISSN (print)2155-8256
ScopeNursing (miscellaneous)
Issues, ethics and legal aspects

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