How to format your references using the Journal of Nursing Regulation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nursing Regulation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pillarisetty, R. (2011). Academic and industry research progress in germanium nanodevices. Nature, 479(7373), 324–328.
A journal article with 2 authors
Willenbring, J. K., & von Blanckenburg, F. (2010). Long-term stability of global erosion rates and weathering during late-Cenozoic cooling. Nature, 465(7295), 211–214.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sterzik, M. F., Bagnulo, S., & Palle, E. (2012). Biosignatures as revealed by spectropolarimetry of Earthshine. Nature, 483(7387), 64–66.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sharon, E., Roman, B., Marder, M., Shin, G.-S., & Swinney, H. L. (2002). Mechanics. Buckling cascades in free sheets. Nature, 419(6907), 579.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wiesmann, U., Choi, I. S., & Dombrowski, E.-M. (2006). Fundamentals of Biological Wastewater Treatment. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Hartimo, M. (Ed.). (2010). Phenomenology and Mathematics (Vol. 195). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Cheroutre, H., & Huang, Y. (2013). Crosstalk Between Adaptive and Innate Immune Cells Leads to High Quality Immune Protection at the Mucosal Borders. In P. D. Katsikis, S. P. Schoenberger, & B. Pulendran (Eds.), Crossroads Between Innate and Adaptive Immunity IV (pp. 43–47). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nursing Regulation.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, September 7). New Test Determines How Fast You’re Aging. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1975). Need for Improvements in the Automated Payroll System of the Department of Housing and Urban Development (FGMSD-75-31). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beeler, M. C. (2010). Disordered Ultracold Two-Dimensional Bose Gases [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Bennhold, K. (2017, April 21). For First Time Since 1800s, Britain Goes a Day Without Burning Coal for Electricity. New York Times, A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pillarisetty, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Pillarisetty, 2011; Willenbring & von Blanckenburg, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Willenbring & von Blanckenburg, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Sterzik et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Sharon et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nursing Regulation
AbbreviationJ. Nurs. Regul.
ISSN (print)2155-8256
ScopeNursing (miscellaneous)
Issues, ethics and legal aspects

Other styles