How to format your references using the Journal of Nursing Regulation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nursing Regulation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2003). Northern England: rising star. Nature, 425(6956), 430–433.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cowen, L. E., & Lindquist, S. (2005). Hsp90 potentiates the rapid evolution of new traits: drug resistance in diverse fungi. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5744), 2185–2189.
A journal article with 3 authors
Artyukhin, A. B., Schroeder, F. C., & Avery, L. (2013). Density dependence in Caenorhabditis larval starvation. Scientific Reports, 3, 2777.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chen, L.-Q., Hou, B.-H., Lalonde, S., Takanaga, H., Hartung, M. L., Qu, X.-Q., … Frommer, W. B. (2010). Sugar transporters for intercellular exchange and nutrition of pathogens. Nature, 468(7323), 527–532.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jarry, P., & Beneat, J. N. (2016). Microwave Amplifier and Active Circuit Design Using the Real Frequency Technique. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Truong, T. (2016). Effect of Milk Fat Globule Size on the Physical Functionality of Dairy Products. (M. Palmer, N. Bansal, & B. Bhandari, Eds.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Fusté-Vilella, D., Pulido, J.-M., García-Vidal, J., & Gheorghiu, S. (2007). TrafficNet: A L2 Network Architecture for Road-to-Vehicle Communication. In J. García-Vidal & L. Cerdà-Alabern (Eds.), Wireless Systems and Mobility in Next Generation Internet: Third International Workshop of the EURO-NGI Network of Excellence, Sitges, Spain, June 6-9, 2006, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 43–61). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nursing Regulation.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2014, October 4). Watch White Blood Cells Attack A Nematode Larva. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1980). An Analysis of Concerns in Federal Education Programs: Duplication of Services and Administrative Costs (No. HRD-80-18). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stangl, B. L. (2010). The mediation of cognitive task performance in post-menopausal women: An examination of the effects of DHEA upon cognition (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2012, March 8). At Airline, A Pensions Compromise. New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Cowen & Lindquist, 2005; Smaglik, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cowen & Lindquist, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Artyukhin, Schroeder, & Avery, 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Chen et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nursing Regulation
AbbreviationJ. Nurs. Regul.
ISSN (print)2155-8256
ScopeNursing (miscellaneous)
Issues, ethics and legal aspects

Other styles