How to format your references using the Journal of Nursing Regulation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nursing Regulation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dekker, J. (2008). Gene regulation in the third dimension. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5871), 1793–1794.
A journal article with 2 authors
Burgisser, A., & Bergantz, G. W. (2011). A rapid mechanism to remobilize and homogenize highly crystalline magma bodies. Nature, 471(7337), 212–215.
A journal article with 3 authors
Thulasiram, H. V., Erickson, H. K., & Poulter, C. D. (2007). Chimeras of two isoprenoid synthases catalyze all four coupling reactions in isoprenoid biosynthesis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5821), 73–76.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Han, J., Zheng, Y., Zhao, B., Li, S., Zhang, Y., & Gao, C. (2014). Sequentially hetero-functional, topological polymers by step-growth thiol-yne approach. Scientific Reports, 4, 4387.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anderson, R. J., Groundwater, P. W., Todd, A., & Worsley, A. J. (2012). Antibacterial Agents. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Middendorf, M., & Blum, C. (Eds.). (2013). Evolutionary Computation in Combinatorial Optimization: 13th European Conference, EvoCOP 2013, Vienna, Austria, April 3-5, 2013. Proceedings (Vol. 7832). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Wu, X. B., Wu, X. H., Guo, J. H., Li, S. D., Liu, R., McDonald, M. J., & Yang, Y. (2015). Polyanion Compounds as Cathode Materials for Li-Ion Batteries. In Z. Zhang & S. S. Zhang (Eds.), Rechargeable Batteries: Materials, Technologies and New Trends (pp. 93–134). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nursing Regulation.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016, November 15). Bird Droppings Help Keep The Arctic Cool. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). [Comments on MARAD Cooperative Agreement Award for Ship Simulator] (B-227084.5). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Huynhle, M. (2017). High-Fat Diet-Induced Obesity Increases Resilience against Gram-Negative Bacterial Infection in Drosophila Larvae [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017, August 8). Machines. New York Times, C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dekker, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Burgisser & Bergantz, 2011; Dekker, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Burgisser & Bergantz, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Thulasiram et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Han et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nursing Regulation
AbbreviationJ. Nurs. Regul.
ISSN (print)2155-8256
ScopeNursing (miscellaneous)
Issues, ethics and legal aspects

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