How to format your references using the Journal of Nursing Regulation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nursing Regulation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Padian, K. (2001). Owen’s Parthian shot. Nature, 412(6843), 123–124.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ewald, A. J., & Egeblad, M. (2014). Cancer: Sugar-coated cell signalling. Nature, 511(7509), 298–299.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, Z., Shibahara, K., & Stillman, B. (2000). PCNA connects DNA replication to epigenetic inheritance in yeast. Nature, 408(6809), 221–225.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lien, W.-H., Klezovitch, O., Fernandez, T. E., Delrow, J., & Vasioukhin, V. (2006). alphaE-catenin controls cerebral cortical size by regulating the hedgehog signaling pathway. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5767), 1609–1612.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Poikselkä, M., Mayer, G., Khartabil, H., & Niemi, A. (2004). The IMS. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Basdevant, J.-L. (2005). Fundamentals In Nuclear Physics: From Nuclear Structure to Cosmology (M. Spiro & J. Rich, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Dharmarajan, T. S., Dharmarajan, T. S., Dharmarajan, T. S., Dharmarajan, T. S., Sohagia, A., Pitchumoni, C. S., Pitchumoni, C. S., & Pitchumoni, C. S. (2012). The Gastrointestinal System and Aging. In C. S. Pitchumoni & T. S. Dharmarajan (Eds.), Geriatric Gastroenterology (pp. 33–47). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nursing Regulation.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015, July 13). New Horizons Will Arrive At Pluto Tomorrow! IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Capitalization and Use of the Automatic Data Processing Fund That Is Administered by the General Services Administration (B-115369). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Paredes, J. (2017). Critical Support for Central American Newcomer Youth and Schooling in One Southern California High School [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Branch, J. (2017, September 7). Kaepernick’s Conscience. New York Times, SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Padian, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Ewald & Egeblad, 2014; Padian, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ewald & Egeblad, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Zhang et al., 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Lien et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nursing Regulation
AbbreviationJ. Nurs. Regul.
ISSN (print)2155-8256
ScopeNursing (miscellaneous)
Issues, ethics and legal aspects

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