How to format your references using the Journal of Nursing Regulation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nursing Regulation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ober, C. K. (2002). Self-assembly. Persistence pays off. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5569), 859–861.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wellik, D. M., & Capecchi, M. R. (2003). Hox10 and Hox11 genes are required to globally pattern the mammalian skeleton. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5631), 363–367.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cronin, T. W., Caldwell, R. L., & Marshall, J. (2001). Sensory adaptation. Tunable colour vision in a mantis shrimp. Nature, 411(6837), 547–548.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wang, N., Tang, Z. K., Li, G. D., & Chen, J. S. (2000). Single-walled 4 A carbon nanotube arrays. Nature, 408(6808), 50–51.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ray Chaudhuri, N., Chaudhuri, B., Majumder, R., & Yazdani, A. (2014). Multi-Terminal Direct-Current Grids. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wang, X., & Wang, Z. M. (Eds.). (2014). High-Efficiency Solar Cells: Physics, Materials, and Devices. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Boughareb, D., & Farah, N. (2011). Toward a Web Search Personalization Approach Based on Temporal Context. In H. Cherifi, J. M. Zain, & E. El-Qawasmeh (Eds.), Digital Information and Communication Technology and Its Applications: International Conference, DICTAP 2011, Dijon, France, June 21-23, 2011. Proceedings, Part I (pp. 33–44). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nursing Regulation.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2016, June 30). Why Should Mammal Dads Care?


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Biotechnology: Managing the Risks of Field Testing Genetically Engineered Organisms (No. RCED-88-27). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Olanisa, E. L. (2012). Mental health issues and use of health care services among older immigrant women in California (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rueck, K. (1972, June 11). “ LITTLE TIME FOR EXTRAS”; What’s a Stewardess. New York Times, p. travel and resorts-summer vacations-part 1XX4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ober, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Ober, 2002; Wellik & Capecchi, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wellik & Capecchi, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Cronin, Caldwell, & Marshall, 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wang, Tang, Li, & Chen, 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nursing Regulation
AbbreviationJ. Nurs. Regul.
ISSN (print)2155-8256
ScopeNursing (miscellaneous)
Issues, ethics and legal aspects

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