How to format your references using the Indian Geotechnical Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Geotechnical Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Wolpert AJ (2002) The future of electronic data. Nature 420:17–18
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Yu L, Lenardo MJ (2003) Immunology. The paracaspase connection. Science 302:1515–1516
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Schummers J, Yu H, Sur M (2008) Tuned responses of astrocytes and their influence on hemodynamic signals in the visual cortex. Science 320:1638–1643
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Seo J-S, Jeon J-H, Hwang YH, et al (2013) Solution-processed flexible fluorine-doped indium zinc oxide thin-film transistors fabricated on plastic film at low temperature. Sci Rep 3:2085

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Volpe MA (2013) Rethinking Christian Identity. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford
An edited book
1.
Bosse T, Geller A, Jonker CM (2011) Multi-Agent-Based Simulation XI: International Workshop, MABS 2010, Toronto, Canada, May 11, 2010, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Giosa MD (2007) First Contact Distribution Function Estimation for a Partially Observed Dynamic Germ-Grain Model with Renewal Dropping Process. In: Aletti G, Micheletti A, Morale D, Burger M (eds) Math Everywhere: Deterministic and Stochastic Modelling in Biomedicine, Economics and Industry. Dedicated to the 60th Birthday of Vincenzo Capasso. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 51–62

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Geotechnical Journal.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti A (2016) Listen To The Eerie Music From The First “Underwater Band.” In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/listen-eerie-music-first-underwater-band/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1998) FAA Computer Systems: Limited Progress on Year 2000 Issue Increases Risk Dramatically. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Winer EJ (2010) Elementary School Consolidation and Reconfiguration: An Autoethnographic Case Study. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vlasic B, Chapman MM (2015) U.A.W. Plans to Re-engage Fiat Chrysler. New York Times B7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Geotechnical Journal
ISSN (print)0971-9555
ISSN (online)2277-3347
Scope

Other styles