How to format your references using the Indian Geotechnical Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Geotechnical Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Bhutta ZA (2014) Infectious disease: Polio eradication hinges on child health in Pakistan. Nature 511:285–287
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hammock EAD, Young LJ (2005) Microsatellite instability generates diversity in brain and sociobehavioral traits. Science 308:1630–1634
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Nagornova NS, Rizzo TR, Boyarkin OV (2012) Interplay of intra- and intermolecular H-bonding in a progressively solvated macrocyclic peptide. Science 336:320–323
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Barnosky AD, Matzke N, Tomiya S, et al (2011) Has the Earth’s sixth mass extinction already arrived? Nature 471:51–57

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bennett DH (2013) Bennett’s Cardiac Arrhythmias. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford
An edited book
1.
Shi YQ, Katzenbeisser S (2012) Transactions on Data Hiding and Multimedia Security VIII: Special Issue on Pattern Recognition for IT Security. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Simon R (2006) The Financial Restructuring of Medium-Sized Companies. In: Blatz M, Kraus K-J, Haghani S (eds) Corporate Restructuring: Finance in Times of Crisis. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 55–63

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Geotechnical Journal.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) Possible Link Between Red Meat Consumption And Increased Cancer Risk Identified. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/possible-link-between-red-meat-consumption-and-increased-cancer-risk-identified/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2009) NASA: Commercial Partners Are Making Progress, but Face Aggressive Schedules to Demonstrate Critical Space Station Cargo Transport Capabilities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Monk KJ (2014) Effects of distractors and force feedback on an aimed movement task in a CDTI environment. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Rothenberg B (2016) Mastering the Strings Without Hearing a Sound. New York Times D1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Geotechnical Journal
ISSN (print)0971-9555
ISSN (online)2277-3347
Scope

Other styles