How to format your references using the In Silico Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for In Silico Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nusse R. Cell signalling: Disarming Wnt. Nature. 2015 Mar 12;519(7542):163–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wood B, Harrison T. The evolutionary context of the first hominins. Nature. 2011 Feb 17;470(7334):347–52.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li L, Leid M, Rothenberg EV. An early T cell lineage commitment checkpoint dependent on the transcription factor Bcl11b. Science. 2010 Jul 2;329(5987):89–93.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Egholm DL, Nielsen SB, Pedersen VK, Lesemann J-E. Glacial effects limiting mountain height. Nature. 2009 Aug 13;460(7257):884–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sóbester A, Forrester AIJ. Aircraft Aerodynamic Design. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Boulabiar K, Buskes G, Triki A, editors. Positivity. Basel: Birkhäuser; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Martín-Hervás C. Imaging of the Hemophilic Joints. In: Rodríguez-Merchán EC, editor. Joint Surgery in the Adult Patient with Hemophilia. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 29–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for In Silico Pharmacology.

Blog post
Taub B. Here’s Which Drugs And Sexually Transmitted Diseases Are Most Common In Europe [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Mass Transit: Needs Projections Could Better Reflect Future Costs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Mar. Report No.: RCED-93-61.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Le CT. Academic performance of college students as related to depression from stress [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwirtz M, Stewart N, Baker AL. As Police Seek a Motive, a Killer’s Sister Offers Her Perspective. New York Times. 2017 Jul 7;A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nusse 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Nusse 2015; Wood and Harrison 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wood and Harrison 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Egholm et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleIn Silico Pharmacology
AbbreviationIn Silico Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)2193-9616

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