How to format your references using the In Silico Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for In Silico Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wadman M. Republican candidates clash on fetal tissue in research. Nature. 2000 Feb 17;403(6771):694.
A journal article with 2 authors
Marti K, Kerridge J. Planetary science. Nitrogen in the solar system. Science. 2010 May 28;328(5982):1112–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Berkhout B, Das AT, Beerens N. HIV-1 RNA editing, hypermutation, and error-prone reverse transcription. Science. 2001 Apr 6;292(5514):7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Donati J-F, Forveille T, Cameron AC, Barnes JR, Delfosse X, Jardine MM, et al. The large-scale axisymmetric magnetic topology of a very-low-mass fully convective star. Science. 2006 Feb 3;311(5761):633–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Belfiore LA. Physical Properties of Macromolecules. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Jaramillo D. Virtualization Techniques for Mobile Systems. Furht B, Agarwal A, editors. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Evans K. Tacit Skills and Occupational Mobility in a Global Culture. In: Zajda J, Freeman K, Geo-Jaja M, Majhanovic S, Rust V, Zajda R, editors. International Handbook on Globalisation, Education and Policy Research: Global Pedagogies and Policies. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005. p. 65–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for In Silico Pharmacology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Awesome Anti-Gravity Water Experiment [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Progress of the DD(X) Destroyer Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005 Jun. Report No.: GAO-05-752R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mills LM. A mentoring program for foster youth transitioning into adulthood: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J, Shea CD. Outing of ‘Survivor’ Contestant That Set Off an Uproar Was Shot Months Ago. New York Times. 2017 Apr 13;B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wadman 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Marti and Kerridge 2010; Wadman 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Marti and Kerridge 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Donati et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleIn Silico Pharmacology
AbbreviationIn Silico Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)2193-9616

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