How to format your references using the In Silico Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for In Silico Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cook-Deegan R. Genome-sequencing anniversary. Gene patents: the shadow of uncertainty. Science. 2011 Feb 18;331(6019):873–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Baell J, Walters MA. Chemistry: Chemical con artists foil drug discovery. Nature. 2014 Sep 25;513(7519):481–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Debayle E, Kennett B, Priestley K. Global azimuthal seismic anisotropy and the unique plate-motion deformation of Australia. Nature. 2005 Feb 3;433(7025):509–12.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Krause O, Birkmann SM, Rieke GH, Lemke D, Klaas U, Hines DC, et al. No cold dust within the supernova remnant Cassiopeia A. Nature. 2004 Dec 2;432(7017):596–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Traitler H, Coleman B, Hofmann K. Food Industry Design, Technology and Innovation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
Demant C. Industrial Image Processing: Visual Quality Control in Manufacturing. 2nd revised ed. 2013. Streicher-Abel B, Garnica C, editors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Kuiper W, Boersma K, Van Den Akker J. Towards a More Curricular Focus in International Comparative Studies on Mathematics and Science Education. In: Boersma K, Goedhart M, Jong O de, Eijkelhof H, editors. Research and the Quality of Science Education. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005. p. 41–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for In Silico Pharmacology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Scientists Design Biological Safety Switch For GMOs [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. International Education Assistance: USAID Has Implemented Primary Grade Reading Programs but Has Not Yet Measured Progress toward Its Strategic Goal. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015 May. Report No.: GAO-15-479.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nguyen DN. Career decision process of first generation Vietnamese American college students [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel B. After a Debacle, the Jets Already Face Their Potential Moment of Reckoning. New York Times. 2016 Sep 27;B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cook-Deegan 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Baell and Walters 2014; Cook-Deegan 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Baell and Walters 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Krause et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleIn Silico Pharmacology
AbbreviationIn Silico Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)2193-9616

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