How to format your references using the European Journal of Sport Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Sport Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Richman, D. D. (2001). HIV chemotherapy. Nature, 410(6831), 995–1001.
A journal article with 2 authors
Flowers, R. M., & Farley, K. A. (2012). Apatite 4He/3He and (U-Th)/He evidence for an ancient Grand Canyon. Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6114), 1616–1619.
A journal article with 3 authors
Koedinger, K. R., Booth, J. L., & Klahr, D. (2013). Education research. Instructional complexity and the science to constrain it. Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6161), 935–937.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hillman, T. R., Yamauchi, T., Choi, W., Dasari, R. R., Feld, M. S., Park, Y., & Yaqoob, Z. (2013). Digital optical phase conjugation for delivering two-dimensional images through turbid media. Scientific Reports, 3, 1909.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Avlonas, N., & Nassos, G. P. (2013). Practical Sustainability Strategies. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Vermeir, K., & Regier, J. (Eds.). (2016). Boundaries, Extents and Circulations: Space and Spatiality in Early Modern Natural Philosophy (Vol. 41). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Karmakar, B., & Mukhopadhayay, I. (2016). An Efficient Partition-Repetition Approach in Clustering of Big Data. In S. Pyne, B. L. S. P. Rao, & S. B. Rao (Eds.), Big Data Analytics: Methods and Applications (pp. 75–93). Springer India.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Sport Science.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016, December 9). An Artist Wants To 3D Print Someone’s Laugh In Space. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Health, Education and Human Services Information Systems Issue Area--Active Assignments (AA-97-29(1)). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Barham, O. M. (2017). Microfabricated Bulk Piezoelectric Transformers [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B. (2017, May 30). Powerful or Offensive? Ramadan Ad Depicting Would-Be Terrorist Proves Divisive. New York Times, A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Richman, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Flowers & Farley, 2012; Richman, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Flowers & Farley, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Koedinger et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hillman et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Sport Science
AbbreviationEJSS (Champaign)
ISSN (print)1746-1391
ISSN (online)1536-7290
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Other styles