How to format your references using the European Journal of Sport Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Sport Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Atkinson, Q. D. (2011). Phonemic diversity supports a serial founder effect model of language expansion from Africa. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6027), 346–349.
A journal article with 2 authors
Paterson, I., & Anderson, E. A. (2005). Chemistry. The renaissance of natural products as drug candidates. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5747), 451–453.
A journal article with 3 authors
Patt, A. G., Ogallo, L., & Hellmuth, M. (2007). Sustainability. Learning from 10 years of climate outlook forums in Africa. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5847), 49–50.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Matsubayashi, Y., Ogawa, M., Morita, A., & Sakagami, Y. (2002). An LRR receptor kinase involved in perception of a peptide plant hormone, phytosulfokine. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5572), 1470–1472.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rossi, R. J. (2006). Theorems, Corollaries, Lemmas, and Methods of Proof. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
François, D. (2012). Mechanical Behaviour of Materials: Volume 1: Micro- and Macroscopic Constitutive Behaviour (A. Pineau & A. Zaoui, Eds.; Vol. 180). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Takahashi, A. (2016). Diagnosis of Lateral Extensions. In T. Oyama (Ed.), Endoscopic Diagnosis of Superficial Gastric Cancer for ESD (pp. 29–37). Springer Japan.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Sport Science.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, April 14). New Whale Species Possibly Discovered Near Antarctica. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). FAA Appropriation Issues (T-RCED-89-34). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Meeks, J. D. (2009). From the belly of the HUAC: The HUAC investigations of Hollywood, 1947–1952 [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stellin, S. (2013, December 31). District Judge Upholds Government’s Right to Search Electronics at Border. New York Times, B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Atkinson, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Atkinson, 2011; Paterson & Anderson, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Paterson & Anderson, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Patt et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Matsubayashi et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Sport Science
AbbreviationEJSS (Champaign)
ISSN (print)1746-1391
ISSN (online)1536-7290
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Other styles