How to format your references using the European Journal of Sport Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Sport Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Swartz, K. J. (2008). Sensing voltage across lipid membranes. Nature, 456(7224), 891–897.
A journal article with 2 authors
Theler, D., & Allain, F. H.-T. (2015). Molecular biology: RNA modification does a regulatory two-step. Nature, 518(7540), 492–493.
A journal article with 3 authors
Crespo-Hernández, C. E., Cohen, B., & Kohler, B. (2005). Base stacking controls excited-state dynamics in A.T DNA. Nature, 436(7054), 1141–1144.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Körding, E., Rupen, M., Knigge, C., Fender, R., Dhawan, V., Templeton, M., & Muxlow, T. (2008). A transient radio jet in an erupting dwarf nova. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5881), 1318–1320.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Harte, L. (2013). Reading the Contemporary Irish Novel 1987-2007. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
DeSimone, D. W., & Mecham, R. P. (Eds.). (2013). Extracellular Matrix in Development. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Nichols, J. D., Karanth, K. U., & O’Connell, A. F. (2011). Science, Conservation, and Camera Traps. In A. F. O’Connell, J. D. Nichols, & K. U. Karanth (Eds.), Camera Traps in Animal Ecology: Methods and Analyses (pp. 45–56). Tokyo: Springer Japan.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Sport Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, February 5). Red Wine Compound May Help Age-Related Memory Loss. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Weather Satellites: Planning for the Geostationary Satellite Program Needs More Attention (No. AIMD-97-37). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pham, M. M.-X. (2017). Flymed Pharmacy, LLC, Home Delivery Services a Business Plan (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. (2013, February 17). Thinking Beyond the Creationists and the Darwinists. New York Times, p. A25B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Swartz, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Swartz, 2008; Theler & Allain, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Theler & Allain, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Crespo-Hernández, Cohen, & Kohler, 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Körding et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Sport Science
AbbreviationEJSS (Champaign)
ISSN (print)1746-1391
ISSN (online)1536-7290
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Other styles