How to format your references using the European Journal of Sport Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Sport Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nutman, A. P. (2006). Comment on “Zircon thermometer reveals minimum melting conditions on earliest Earth” II. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5762), 779; author reply 779.
A journal article with 2 authors
Robeva, R., & Laubenbacher, R. (2009). Mathematical biology education: beyond calculus. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5940), 542–543.
A journal article with 3 authors
Discher, D. E., Mooney, D. J., & Zandstra, P. W. (2009). Growth factors, matrices, and forces combine and control stem cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5935), 1673–1677.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Tanner, L. H., Hubert, J. F., Coffey, B. P., & McInerney, D. P. (2001). Stability of atmospheric CO2 levels across the Triassic/Jurassic boundary. Nature, 411(6838), 675–677.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jevon, P. (2012). Paediatric Advanced Life Support. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Fahy, G. M., West, M. D., Coles, L. S., & Harris, S. B. (Eds.). (2010). The Future of Aging: Pathways to Human Life Extension. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Das, A. (2007). Riemannian and Pseudo-Riemannian Manifolds. In A. Das (Ed.), Tensors: The Mathematics of Relativity Theory and Continuum Mechanics (pp. 121–199). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Sport Science.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2017, January 10). Handmade Centrifuge Can Fraction Blood And Detect Malaria. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). NASA: Human Space Exploration Programs Face Challenges (GAO-15-248T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chamoun, T. J. (2014). A paleopathological survey of ancient Peruvian crania housed at the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology at Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts: A special emphasis on scurvy [Doctoral dissertation]. Florida Atlantic University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S. (2014, May 18). Brightening the Night With a Spring Palette. New York Times, WE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nutman, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Nutman, 2006; Robeva & Laubenbacher, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Robeva & Laubenbacher, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Discher et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Tanner et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Sport Science
AbbreviationEJSS (Champaign)
ISSN (print)1746-1391
ISSN (online)1536-7290
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Other styles