How to format your references using the In Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for In Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hall, A. (2014). Climate. Projecting regional change. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6216), 1461–1462.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gweon, H., & Schulz, L. (2011). 16-month-olds rationally infer causes of failed actions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6037), 1524.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hayashi, K., de Sousa Lopes, S. M. C., & Surani, M. A. (2007). Germ cell specification in mice. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5823), 394–396.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hart, R. A., Xu, X., Legere, R., & Gibble, K. (2007). A quantum scattering interferometer. Nature, 446(7138), 892–895.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Walkenbach, J. (2010). Excel® 2010 Power Programming with VBA. Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Keupp, M. M. (Ed.). (2015). The Northern Sea Route: A Comprehensive Analysis. Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden.
A chapter in an edited book
Waheeb, W., & Ghazali, R. (2016). Multi-step Time Series Forecasting Using Ridge Polynomial Neural Network with Error-Output Feedbacks. In M. W. Berry, A. Hj. Mohamed, & B. W. Yap (Eds.), Soft Computing in Data Science: Second International Conference, SCDS 2016, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, September 21-22, 2016, Proceedings (pp. 48–58). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for In Analysis.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, September 23). Genet Rides Piggyback on Rhinos and Buffaloes. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Weather Forecasting: National Weather Service’s Operations Prototype Needs More Rigorous Planning (GAO-07-650). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sokoya, K. (2014). A Historical Analysis of the Contributions of the Black Power Movement to Higher Education: 1960 – 1980 [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2014, February 21). Hands Speak Louder Than Words. New York Times, B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hall, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Gweon & Schulz, 2011; Hall, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gweon & Schulz, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Hayashi et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hart et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleIn Analysis
ISSN (print)2542-3606

Other styles