How to format your references using the In Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for In Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Somorjai, G. A. (2004). On the move. Nature, 430(7001), 730.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moore, J. N., & Simmons, S. F. (2013). Geophysics. More power from below. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6135), 933–934.
A journal article with 3 authors
Harmon, J. P., Moran, N. A., & Ives, A. R. (2009). Species response to environmental change: impacts of food web interactions and evolution. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5919), 1347–1350.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bozhevolnyi, S. I., Volkov, V. S., Devaux, E., Laluet, J.-Y., & Ebbesen, T. W. (2006). Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators. Nature, 440(7083), 508–511.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Putt, A. (2006). Putt’s Law & the Successful Technocrat. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Scior, K., & Werner, S. (Eds.). (2016). Intellectual Disability and Stigma: Stepping Out from the Margins. Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Montero, J. A., & Ruiz-Moreno, J. M. (2008). Cryotherapy and Laser for Intermediate Uveitis. In M. Becker & J. Davis (Eds.), Surgical Management of Inflammatory Eye Disease (pp. 47–57). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for In Analysis.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, November 22). EPA Barred From Getting Advice From Scientists. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). Public Transit: Survey of Public Transit Agency Officials on Contracting Out Public Transit Operations and Other Services (GAO-13-824SP, September 2013), an E-supplement to GAO-13-782 (GAO-13-824SP). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Delisio, J. P. (2017). Fighting For A Cure: The Berry Plan’s Impact on Civilian Medical Research [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J., Grynbaum, M. M., & Maheshwari, S. (2017, May 15). NBC Woos Advertisers With Megyn Kelly, Its New Morning Anchor. New York Times, B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Somorjai, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Moore & Simmons, 2013; Somorjai, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Moore & Simmons, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Harmon et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Bozhevolnyi et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleIn Analysis
ISSN (print)2542-3606

Other styles