How to format your references using the In Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for In Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nolet, G. (2009). Geophysics. Slabs do not go gently. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5931), 1152–1153.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ruths, J., & Ruths, D. (2014). Control profiles of complex networks. Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6177), 1373–1376.
A journal article with 3 authors
Levayer, R., Hauert, B., & Moreno, E. (2015). Cell mixing induced by myc is required for competitive tissue invasion and destruction. Nature, 524(7566), 476–480.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Muellbacher, W., Ziemann, U., Wissel, J., Dang, N., Kofler, M., Facchini, S., … Hallett, M. (2002). Early consolidation in human primary motor cortex. Nature, 415(6872), 640–644.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mullaney, M. D. (2009). The Complete Guide to Option Strategies. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Jiang, X., Ma, M. Y., & Chen, C. W. (Eds.). (2010). Mobile Multimedia Processing: Fundamentals, Methods, and Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kurth, W., Kniemeyer, O., & Buck-Sorlin, G. (2005). Relational Growth Grammars – A Graph Rewriting Approach to Dynamical Systems with a Dynamical Structure. In J.-P. Banâtre, P. Fradet, J.-L. Giavitto, & O. Michel (Eds.), Unconventional Programming Paradigms: International Workshop UPP 2004, Le Mont Saint Michel, France, September 15-17, 2004, Revised Selected and Invited Papers (pp. 56–72). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for In Analysis.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, September 24). This Technique Could Lead To Self-Healing Tires. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from IFLScience website:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Polar-Orbiting Operational Environmental Satellites: Restructuring Is Under Way, but Challenges and Risks Remain (No. GAO-07-910T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Song, X. (2015). A New Estimating Equation Based Approach for Secondary Trait Analyses in Genetic Case-control Studies (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017, September 5). War Ends, but Divisions Remain. New York Times, p. C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nolet, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Nolet, 2009; Ruths & Ruths, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ruths & Ruths, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Levayer, Hauert, & Moreno, 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Muellbacher et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleIn Analysis
ISSN (print)2542-3606

Other styles