How to format your references using the In Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for In Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schaetz, T. (2015). Quantum physics: Entanglement beyond identical ions. Nature, 528(7582), 337–338.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shah, R. R., & Abbott, N. L. (2001). Principles for measurement of chemical exposure based on recognition-driven anchoring transitions in liquid crystals. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5533), 1296–1299.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hoerling, M. P., Hurrell, J. W., & Xu, T. (2001). Tropical origins for recent North Atlantic climate change. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5514), 90–92.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gao, X., Luo, W., Zhong, C., Wexler, D., Chou, S.-L., Liu, H.-K., Shi, Z., Chen, G., Ozawa, K., & Wang, J.-Z. (2014). Novel germanium/polypyrrole composite for high power lithium-ion batteries. Scientific Reports, 4, 6095.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cleaver, H., Cawson, P., Gorin, S., & Walker, S. (2009). Safeguarding Children. John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Viswanathan, A. N., Kirisits, C., Erickson, B. E., & Pötter, R. (Eds.). (2011). Gynecologic Radiation Therapy: Novel Approaches to Image-Guidance and Management. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kondo, K. (2009). Liquid Embolic Agents. In D. Kessel & C. Ray (Eds.), Transcatheter Embolization and Therapy (pp. 51–59). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for In Analysis.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2017, January 26). Human-Pig Chimera Embryos Have Been Created. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Opportunities for Improvement in the Administration of Technical Training Activities (B-175773). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rakusin, L. L. (2010). Intervening to reduce adolescent substance abuse: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D. A. (2007, June 22). Trails, Trains and a Syrup House in Woodstock, Vt. New York Times, F8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schaetz, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Schaetz, 2015; Shah & Abbott, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shah & Abbott, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Hoerling et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Gao et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleIn Analysis
ISSN (print)2542-3606

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