# How to format your references using the In Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for In Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

## Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

## Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker, M. (2015). Antibody anarchy: A call to order. Nature, 527(7579), 545–551.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liechti, R., & Farmer, E. E. (2002). The jasmonate pathway. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5573), 1649–1650.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, S., Matthews, J., & Sinha, A. (2008). Atmospheric hydroxyl radical production from electronically excited NO2 and H2O. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5870), 1657–1660.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bastolla, U., Fortuna, M. A., Pascual-García, A., Ferrera, A., Luque, B., & Bascompte, J. (2009). The architecture of mutualistic networks minimizes competition and increases biodiversity. Nature, 458(7241), 1018–1020.

## Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mathian, H., & Sanders, L. (2014). Spatio-Temporal Approaches. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Przytycka, T. M. (Ed.). (2015). Research in Computational Molecular Biology: 19th Annual International Conference, RECOMB 2015, Warsaw, Poland, April 12-15, 2015, Proceedings (Vol. 9029). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Zielosko, B. (2015). Sequential Optimization of $$\gamma$$ -Decision Rules Relative to Length, Coverage and Number of Misclassifications. In J. F. Peters, A. Skowron, D. Ślȩzak, H. S. Nguyen, & J. G. Bazan (Eds.), Transactions on Rough Sets XIX (pp. 65–82). Springer.

## Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for In Analysis.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2017, May 20). How To Fix All Of Your Sleep Problems With Science. IFLScience; IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/how-to-fix-all-of-your-sleep-problems-with-science/

## Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Strong Leadership Today Needed To Prevent Future Disruption of Government Services (T-AIMD-97-51). U.S. Government Printing Office.

## Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garcia, M. J. (2009). Teacher knowledge of attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and effective classroom interventions [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

## News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2013, December 5). In Detroit Ruling, Threats to Promises and Assumptions. New York Times, A24.

## In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baker, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Baker, 2015; Liechti & Farmer, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

• Two authors: (Liechti & Farmer, 2002)
• Three authors: (Li et al., 2008)
• 6 or more authors: (Bastolla et al., 2009)