How to format your references using the In Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for In Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mutter, J. (2010). Disasters widen the rich-poor gap. Nature, 466(7310), 1042.
A journal article with 2 authors
Horn, P. J., & Peterson, C. L. (2002). Molecular biology. Chromatin higher order folding--wrapping up transcription. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5588), 1824–1827.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ben-Ami Bartal, I., Decety, J., & Mason, P. (2011). Empathy and pro-social behavior in rats. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6061), 1427–1430.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Biggs, D., Smith, R. J., Adams, V. M., Brink, H., Cook, C. N., Cooney, R., Holden, M. H., Maron, M., Phelps, J., Possingham, H. P., Redford, K. H., Scholes, R. J., Sutherland, W. J., Underwood, F. M., & Milner-Gulland, E. J. (2018). Response-Ivory crisis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 360(6386), 277–278.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kusumoto, F. (2015). Understanding Intracardiac EGMs. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Kim, E., & Kim, B. H. S. (Eds.). (2016). Quantitative Regional Economic and Environmental Analysis for Sustainability in Korea (Vol. 25). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rocon, E., & Pons, J. L. (2011). Upper Limb Exoskeleton for Tremor Suppression: Physical HR Interaction. In J. L. Pons (Ed.), Exoskeletons in Rehabilitation Robotics: Tremor Suppression (pp. 67–98). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for In Analysis.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, October 30). What Is This Bizarre See-Through Creature? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). Information Technology: OMB and Agencies Need to Focus Continued Attention on Implementing Reform Law (GAO-16-672T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bornheimer, M. E. (2010). The influence of leadership development programs on the community college leadership shortage: A case study [Doctoral dissertation]. Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Kelly, D. A. (2002, June 7). 36 Hours | Saratoga, N.Y. New York Times, F6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mutter, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Horn & Peterson, 2002; Mutter, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Horn & Peterson, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Ben-Ami Bartal et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Biggs et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleIn Analysis
ISSN (print)2542-3606

Other styles