How to format your references using the Immunotherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Immunotherapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yutzey KE. Regenerative biology: Neuregulin 1 makes heart muscle. Nature. 520(7548), 445–446 (2015).
A journal article with 2 authors
Bader JS, Chant J. Systems biology. When proteomes collide. Science. 311(5758), 187–188 (2006).
A journal article with 3 authors
Zheng X, Zhang R, Huang H. Theoretical modeling of relative humidity on contact electrification of sand particles. Sci. Rep. 4, 4399 (2014).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Adams GB, Chabner KT, Alley IR, et al. Stem cell engraftment at the endosteal niche is specified by the calcium-sensing receptor. Nature. 439(7076), 599–603 (2006).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Miller MB. Mathematics and Statistics for Financial Risk Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Némethi A, Szilárd Á, editors. Deformations of Surface Singularities. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Koplin RS, Wu EI, Ritterband DC, Seedor JA. Infection Control. In: The Scrub’s Bible: How to Assist at Cataract and Corneal Surgery with a Primer on the Anatomy of the Human Eye and Self Assessment. Wu EI, Ritterband DC, Seedor JA (Eds.), Springer, New York, NY, 25–29 (2013).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Immunotherapy.

Blog post
Andrew D. What Missing Lander Means For Europe’s Quest To Find Life On Mars [Internet]. IFLScience (2016). Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Airspace System: Emerging Technologies May Offer Alternatives to the Instrument Landing System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Naqvi SZ. Around the world in 15 bites: Applied perspectives on learning about food. (2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Flegenheimer M. Piecing Through ‘Utter Chaos’ After Train Crash. New York Times, A1 (2015).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleImmunotherapy
ISSN (print)1750-743X
ISSN (online)1750-7448
Immunology and Allergy

Other styles