How to format your references using the Immunotherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Immunotherapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Oka T. Vibrational dynamics. Taming CH₅+, the “enfant terrible” of chemical structures. Science. 347(6228), 1313–1314 (2015).
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaminski T, Heimann M. Inverse modeling of atmospheric carbon dioxide fluxes. Science. 294(5541), 259 (2001).
A journal article with 3 authors
Brohawn SG, Campbell EB, MacKinnon R. Physical mechanism for gating and mechanosensitivity of the human TRAAK K+ channel. Nature. 516(7529), 126–130 (2014).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Egolf DA, Melnikov IV IV, Pesch W, Ecke RE. Mechanisms of extensive spatiotemporal chaos in Rayleigh-Benard convection. Nature. 404(6779), 733–736 (2000).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Collier CG. Hydrometeorology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Maitra S, Veni Madhavan CE, Venkatesan R, editors. Progress in Cryptology - INDOCRYPT 2005: 6th International Conference on Cryptology in India, Bangalore, India, December 10-12, 2005. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Karimanzira D. Model Based Decision Support Systems. In: Modeling, Control and Optimization of Water Systems: Systems Engineering Methods for Control and Decision Making Tasks. Rauschenbach T (Ed.), Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 185–220 (2016).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Immunotherapy.

Blog post
Andrew E. Sharper GPS Needs Even More Accurate Atomic Clocks [Internet]. IFLScience (2015). Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Biotechnology: Information on Prices of Genetically Modified Seeds in the United States and Argentina. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Springborn T. The Importance of Teacher/Student Relationships. (2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mueller B, Baker AL. Steep Drop in Gang Violence Pushed City Shootings Below 1,000 in 2016. New York Times, A17 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleImmunotherapy
ISSN (print)1750-743X
ISSN (online)1750-7448
Immunology and Allergy

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