How to format your references using the IMA Journal of Applied Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IMA Journal of Applied Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kane, G. (2011) Particle physics is at a turning point. Nature, 480, 415.
A journal article with 2 authors
Coley, P.D. & Kursar, T.A. (2014) Ecology. On tropical forests and their pests. Science, 343, 35–36.
A journal article with 3 authors
Conard, N.J., Malina, M., & Münzel, S.C. (2009) New flutes document the earliest musical tradition in southwestern Germany. Nature, 460, 737–740.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bauer, A., Westkämper, F., Grimme, S., & Bach, T. (2005) Catalytic enantioselective reactions driven by photoinduced electron transfer. Nature, 436, 1139–1140.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Benmammar, B. & Amraoui, A. (2013) Radio Resource Allocation and Dynamic Spectrum Access. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wang, J., Yen, G.G., & Polycarpou, M.M. (2012) Advances in Neural Networks – ISNN 2012: 9th International Symposium on Neural Networks, Shenyang, China, July 11-14, 2012. Proceedings, Part II, vol. 7368. , Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Vitas, D., Popović, L., Krstev, C., Obradović, I., Pavlović-Lažetić, G., & Stanojević, M. (2012) JEЗИЧКE TEXHOЛOГИJE ЗA CPПCКИ JEЗИК. The Serbian Language in the Digital Age, White Paper Series (Rehm, G. & Uszkoreit, H. eds). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 20–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IMA Journal of Applied Mathematics.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016) Sailor’s Thumbnail Reveals Diet Details of Franklin’s Doomed Arctic Expedition. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1972) Identification of NASA Research and Development Programs Subject to Benefit-Cost Analysis ( No. B-176104). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Purdioux, L. (2015) Predicting deception detection ability based on the concept of self-compassionate personality trait, openness personality structure, and agreeableness personality structure (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B. (2016) Fourth Passer? Jets May Go Deep. New York Times, B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kane, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Kane, 2011; Coley & Kursar, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Coley & Kursar, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Bauer et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleIMA Journal of Applied Mathematics
AbbreviationIMA J Appl Math
ISSN (print)0272-4960
ISSN (online)1464-3634
ScopeApplied Mathematics

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