How to format your references using the IMA Journal of Applied Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IMA Journal of Applied Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lay, T. (2012) Seismology: Why giant earthquakes keep catching us out. Nature, 483, 149–150.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee, E.-J. & Groisman, E.A. (2012) Control of a Salmonella virulence locus by an ATP-sensing leader messenger RNA. Nature, 486, 271–275.
A journal article with 3 authors
Azzam, N.A., Hallenbeck, J.M., & Kachar, B. (2000) Membrane changes during hibernation. Nature, 407, 317–318.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gadjourova, Z., Andreev, Y.G., Tunstall, D.P., & Bruce, P.G. (2001) Ionic conductivity in crystalline polymer electrolytes. Nature, 412, 520–523.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Carrega, P. (2010) Geographical Information and Climatology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Straube, F. (2008) Internationalisation of Logistics Systems: How Chinese and German companies enter foreign markets. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ainoo, A.O., Amegbey, N., & Suglo, R.S. (2009) Environmental Impact of Mining and Ore Processing – A Case Study at Satellite Goldfields Limited. Environment and Health in Sub-Saharan Africa: Managing an Emerging Crisis: Selected Papers from ERTEP 2007, July 17-19 2007, Ghana, Africa (Luginaah, I.N. & Yanful, E.K. eds). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, pp. 53–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IMA Journal of Applied Mathematics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015) It’s Not Just Your TV Listening In To Your Conversation. IFLScience. URL


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Mainframe Procurements: Statistics Showing How and What the Government is Acquiring ( No. IMTEC-91-13). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cox, E.T. (2012) Prenatal cocaine: Effects on neonatal vocalizations, cue-induced maternal response, and brain development (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis, J. (2017) A Troubled Student Tries a New School, and It Alters the Course of Her Life. New York Times, A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lay, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Lay, 2012; Lee & Groisman, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lee & Groisman, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Gadjourova et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleIMA Journal of Applied Mathematics
AbbreviationIMA J Appl Math
ISSN (print)0272-4960
ISSN (online)1464-3634
ScopeApplied Mathematics

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