How to format your references using the IMA Journal of Applied Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IMA Journal of Applied Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fox, A. (2011) Computer science. Cloud computing--what’s in it for me as a scientist? Science, 331, 406–407.
A journal article with 2 authors
Entcheva, E. & Williams, J.C. (2014) Channelrhodopsin2 current during the action potential: “optical AP clamp” and approximation. Sci. Rep., 4, 5838.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tattersall, G.J., Andrade, D.V., & Abe, A.S. (2009) Heat exchange from the toucan bill reveals a controllable vascular thermal radiator. Science, 325, 468–470.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yanagi, I., Akahori, R., Hatano, T., & Takeda, K.-I. (2014) Fabricating nanopores with diameters of sub-1 nm to 3 nm using multilevel pulse-voltage injection. Sci. Rep., 4, 5000.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Källén, A. (2011) Understanding Biostatistics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Mach, R. (2007) Visualization of Digital Terrain and Landscape Data: A Manual. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Thompson, M.J. (2014) Normative Humanism as Redemptive Critique. Reclaiming the Sane Society: Essays on Erich Fromm’s Thought (Miri, S.J., Lake, R., & Kress, T.M. eds). Rotterdam: SensePublishers, pp. 37–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IMA Journal of Applied Mathematics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015) The Hunt For ET Will Boost Australian Astronomy. IFLScience. URL


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1970) Use of Consultants by NASA ( No. B-168033). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hendry, M. (2014) The Lonely Nineteenth Century: Loneliness and the Female Protagonist in the Victorian Novel (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M.J.O. (2010) For Giddyup, Give a Horse a Holiday. New York Times, WK2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fox, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Fox, 2011; Entcheva & Williams, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Entcheva & Williams, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Yanagi et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleIMA Journal of Applied Mathematics
AbbreviationIMA J Appl Math
ISSN (print)0272-4960
ISSN (online)1464-3634
ScopeApplied Mathematics

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