How to format your references using the IMA Journal of Applied Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IMA Journal of Applied Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bell, G. (2001) Neutral macroecology. Science, 293, 2413–2418.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sun, F. & He, S. (2014) Transformation magneto-statics and illusions for magnets. Sci. Rep., 4, 6593.
A journal article with 3 authors
Totan, Y., Güler, E., & Dervişoğulları, M.S. (2014) Brilliant Blue G assisted epiretinal membrane surgery. Sci. Rep., 4, 3956.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Stone, E.C., Cummings, A.C., McDonald, F.B., Heikkila, B.C., Lal, N., & Webber, W.R. (2008) An asymmetric solar wind termination shock. Nature, 454, 71–74.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ramm, A.G. & Hoang, N.S. (2011) Dynamical Systems Method and Applications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Russell, I. (2006) Images, Representations and Heritage: Moving beyond Modern Approaches to Archaeology. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Huiqin, Z., Pingjian, G., & Jun, M. (2012) Research on the Mode of Computer-Aided Translation Teaching Process. Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering: Theory and Practice: Volume 1, Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing (Wu, Y. ed). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 25–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IMA Journal of Applied Mathematics.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016) I Spent The Past Seven Years Counting White Sharks – The Findings Are Troubling. IFLScience. URL


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) DOD Service Academies: Academy Preparatory Schools Need a Clearer Mission and Better Oversight ( No. NSIAD-92-57). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stewart, D.A. (2013) Principals’ post-observation feedback and its influence on teacher professional growth at two Southern California Catholic high schools (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S.K. (2004) World Briefing | Europe: Estonia: Vodka Pipeline. New York Times, A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bell, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Bell, 2001; Sun & He, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sun & He, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Stone et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleIMA Journal of Applied Mathematics
AbbreviationIMA J Appl Math
ISSN (print)0272-4960
ISSN (online)1464-3634
ScopeApplied Mathematics

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