How to format your references using the American Medical Writers Association Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Medical Writers Association Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gewin V. Crunch time for multiple-gene tests. Nature. 2007;445(7126):354-355.
A journal article with 2 authors
Knorr G, Lohmann G. Southern Ocean origin for the resumption of Atlantic thermohaline circulation during deglaciation. Nature. 2003;424(6948):532-536.
A journal article with 3 authors
Caro E, Castellano MM, Gutierrez C. A chromatin link that couples cell division to root epidermis patterning in Arabidopsis. Nature. 2007;447(7141):213-217.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Vartanian J-P, Guétard D, Henry M, Wain-Hobson S. Evidence for editing of human papillomavirus DNA by APOBEC3 in benign and precancerous lesions. Science. 2008;320(5873):230-233.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Allen MW. Michael Allen’s Guide to e-Learning. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
Bruccoleri F. Wideband Low Noise Amplifiers Exploiting Thermal Noise Cancellation. Vol 840. (Klumperink EAM, Nauta B, eds.). Springer US; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Dominitz A, Angenent S, Tannenbaum A. On the Computation of Optimal Transport Maps Using Gradient Flows and Multiresolution Analysis. In: Blondel VD, Boyd SP, Kimura H, eds. Recent Advances in Learning and Control. Lecture Notes in Control and Information Sciences. Springer; 2008:65-78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Medical Writers Association Journal.

Blog post
Hale T. Man Documents The Moments After He Survives Two Bear Attacks. IFLScience. Published October 4, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Effect of Personnel Reform on the Federal Aviation Administration’s Budget. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ebrahimi A. A recreational and vocational program for foster youth who reside in group homes: A grant proposal. Published online 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy MJO. Weekend Entertainments From the Archives of The New York Times. New York Times. January 2, 2015:C28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Medical Writers Association Journal
ISSN (print)1075-6361

Other styles