How to format your references using the American Medical Writers Association Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Medical Writers Association Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Smith O. Chemistry. Nota bene: know thine enemy. Science. 2001;294(5545):1298.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Solanki SK, Krivova NA. Astronomy. Analyzing solar cycles. Science. 2011;334(6058):916-917.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Oganov AR, Brodholt JP, Price GD. The elastic constants of MgSiO3 perovskite at pressures and temperatures of the Earth’s mantle. Nature. 2001;411(6840):934-937.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Montarras D, Morgan J, Collins C, et al. Direct isolation of satellite cells for skeletal muscle regeneration. Science. 2005;309(5743):2064-2067.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Speight JG. Handbook of Petroleum Product Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Natale A, Al-Ahmad A, Wang PJ, DiMarco J, eds. Cardiac Electrophysiology: Clinical Case Review. Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Bon C, Raudrant D. Use of Umbilical Venous Blood on Assessing the Biochemical Variations of Acid–Base, Nutritional and Metabolic Parameters on Growth-Retarded Fetuses, in Comparison with Gestational Control Cases: A Study. In: Bhattacharya N, Stubblefield P, eds. Regenerative Medicine Using Pregnancy-Specific Biological Substances. Springer; 2011:31-41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Medical Writers Association Journal.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S. Independent Populations Adopted Agriculture Within The Fertile Crescent. IFLScience. Published July 14, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/independent-populations-adopted-agriculture-within-the-fertile-crescent/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Supercomputing in Industry. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Gunathilaka D. Compliance with dietary restrictions among African American older adults with chronic kidney disease in a nursing home setting. Published online 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Hubbard B. Assad’s Lesson From Aleppo: Force Works. New York Times. December 16, 2016:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Medical Writers Association Journal
ISSN (print)1075-6361
Scope

Other styles