How to format your references using the IIMB Management Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IIMB Management Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Radick, G. (2015). HISTORY OF SCIENCE. Beyond the “Mendel-Fisher controversy.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 350(6257), 159–160.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hyman, A. A., & Simons, K. (2012). Cell biology. Beyond oil and water--phase transitions in cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6098), 1047–1049.
A journal article with 3 authors
Allard, P., Burton, M., & Muré, F. (2005). Spectroscopic evidence for a lava fountain driven by previously accumulated magmatic gas. Nature, 433(7024), 407–410.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wang, H. H., Isaacs, F. J., Carr, P. A., Sun, Z. Z., Xu, G., Forest, C. R., & Church, G. M. (2009). Programming cells by multiplex genome engineering and accelerated evolution. Nature, 460(7257), 894–898.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hellesland, J., Challamel, N., Casandjian, C., & Lanos, C. (2013). Reinforced Concrete Beams, Columns and Frames. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Geller, W., Schultze, M., Kleinmann, R., & Wolkersdorfer, C. (Eds.). (2013). Acidic Pit Lakes: The Legacy of Coal and Metal Surface Mines. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Zeng, J., & Yuan, Y. (2016). The Motivated Topicalization and Referentiality of the Compound Noun in Chinese. In M. Dong, J. Lin, & X. Tang (Eds.), Chinese Lexical Semantics: 17th Workshop, CLSW 2016, Singapore, Singapore, May 20–22, 2016, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 40–50). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IIMB Management Review.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, November 16). Humans Are Still Evolving But In Ways That Might Surprise You. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). District of Columbia: Weaknesses in Personnel Records and Public Schools’ Management Information and Controls (No. T-AIMD-95-170). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Austin, C. A. (2013). Intravenous Exposure of Pregnant Mice to Silver Nanoparticles: Silver Tissue Distribution and Effects in Maternal and Extra-Embryonic Tissues and Embryos (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2007, May 20). After Defeat, Islip Republicans Scramble to Find an Entry. New York Times, p. LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Radick, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Hyman & Simons, 2012; Radick, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hyman & Simons, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Allard, Burton, & Muré, 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wang et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleIIMB Management Review
ISSN (print)0970-3896
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Economics and Econometrics

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