How to format your references using the IIMB Management Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IIMB Management Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Canup, R. M. (2015). Solar System: An incredible likeness of being. Nature, 520(7546), 169–170.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lopatin, A. V., & Averianov, A. O. (2006). An aegialodontid upper molar and the evolution of mammal dentition. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5790), 1092.
A journal article with 3 authors
Polat, E. O., Balcı, O., & Kocabas, C. (2014). Graphene based flexible electrochromic devices. Scientific Reports, 4, 6484.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Onodera, R., Motoyama, K., Tanaka, N., Ohyama, A., Okamatsu, A., Higashi, T., Kariya, R., Okada, S., & Arima, H. (2014). Involvement of autophagy in antitumor activity of folate-appended methyl-β-cyclodextrin. Scientific Reports, 4, 4417.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gelbaum, B. R. (1995). Modern Real and Complex Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Xia, Y. (Ed.). (2015). Neural Functions of the Delta-Opioid Receptor (1st ed. 2015). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Lucey, T. A., Agnello, M. F., & Laney, J. D. (2015). Risk Management and Insurance. In M. F. Agnello & J. D. Laney (Eds.), A Critically Compassionate Approach to Financial Literacy (pp. 93–116). SensePublishers.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IIMB Management Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, March 16). Cancer Drug Shows Promise In Treating Spinal Cord Injuries. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). Serving the Congress and the Nation: Information Technology Information (GAO-01-413SP). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watson, K. F. (2014). Persons and how we trace them: What Johnston got wrong [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter, J. (2017, March 6). E.U. Moves to Set Up Military Training. New York Times, A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Canup, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Canup, 2015; Lopatin & Averianov, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lopatin & Averianov, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Polat et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Onodera et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleIIMB Management Review
ISSN (print)0970-3896
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Economics and Econometrics

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