How to format your references using the IIMB Management Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IIMB Management Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker, M. (2010). RNA interference: From tools to therapies. Nature, 464(7292), 1225.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bedalov, A., & Simon, J. A. (2004). Neuroscience. NAD to the rescue. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5686), 954–955.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jiang, Y., Kirmizialtin, S., & Sanchez, I. C. (2014). Dynamic void distribution in myoglobin and five mutants. Scientific Reports, 4, 4011.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ai, W., Xie, L., Du, Z., Zeng, Z., Liu, J., Zhang, H., Huang, Y., Huang, W., & Yu, T. (2013). A novel graphene-polysulfide anode material for high-performance lithium-ion batteries. Scientific Reports, 3, 2341.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pachamanova, D. A., & Fabozzi, F. J. (2010). Simulation and Optimization in Finance. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Heggernes, P. (Ed.). (2016). Graph-Theoretic Concepts in Computer Science: 42nd International Workshop, WG 2016, Istanbul, Turkey, June 22-24, 2016, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 9941). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rogers, E. S., & MacDonald-Wilson, K. L. (2011). Vocational Capacity among Individuals with Mental Health Disabilities. In I. Z. Schultz & E. S. Rogers (Eds.), Work Accommodation and Retention in Mental Health (pp. 73–89). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IIMB Management Review.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016, December 23). A Star Is On A Collision Course With The Edge Of Our Solar System. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1980). Incorporation of Contract Clause Into Proposed FPR Temporary Regulation (B-197574). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beard, J. A. (2014). Evidence of Leadership Competencies in the Journal of Mary Easton Sibley, a Pioneering 19th Century Women’s College Founder [Doctoral dissertation]. Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Jenks, S. (2017, June 7). A New Work Perk (for Pets). New York Times, F6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baker, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Baker, 2010; Bedalov & Simon, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bedalov & Simon, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Jiang et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ai et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleIIMB Management Review
ISSN (print)0970-3896
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Economics and Econometrics

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