How to format your references using the IIMB Management Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IIMB Management Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Norrby, S. R. (2004). Alert to a European epidemic. Nature, 431(7008), 507–508.
A journal article with 2 authors
Einav, L., & Levin, J. (2014). Economics in the age of big data. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6210), 1243089.
A journal article with 3 authors
Culler, S. J., Hoff, K. G., & Smolke, C. D. (2010). Reprogramming cellular behavior with RNA controllers responsive to endogenous proteins. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6008), 1251–1255.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chen, J., Yagi, H., Furutani, Y., Nakamura, T., Inaguma, A., Guo, H., Kong, Y., & Goto, Y. (2014). Self-assembly of the chaperonin GroEL nanocage induced at submicellar detergent. Scientific Reports, 4, 5614.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heimann, R. B., & Lehmann, H. D. (2015). Bioceramic Coatings for Medical Implants. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Miesenberger, K., Bühler, C., & Penaz, P. (Eds.). (2016). Computers Helping People with Special Needs: 15th International Conference, ICCHP 2016, Linz, Austria, July 13-15, 2016, Proceedings, Part I (Vol. 9758). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Hoops, H. J., Nishii, I., & Kirk, D. L. (2006). Cytoplasmic Bridges in Volvox and Its Relatives. In D. Volkmann & P. W. Barlow (Eds.), Cell-Cell Channels (pp. 65–84). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IIMB Management Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, March 13). Incredible Visualization of European Air Traffic. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2010). Social Security Administration: Cases of Federal Employees and Transportation Drivers and Owners Who Fraudulently and/or Improperly Received SSA Benefits (GAO-10-949T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lanigan, L. G. (2012). Effects of Two Cancer Genes, HTLV-1 Tax and E-Cadherin, on Cancer Development and Progression [Doctoral dissertation]. Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dargis, M. (2017, October 16). Amy Adams. New York Times, M2169.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Norrby, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Einav & Levin, 2014; Norrby, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Einav & Levin, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Culler et al., 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Chen et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleIIMB Management Review
ISSN (print)0970-3896
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Economics and Econometrics

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