How to format your references using the IIMB Management Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IIMB Management Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Geller, R. J. (2011). Shake-up time for Japanese seismology. Nature, 472(7344), 407–409.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fitch, W. T., & Hauser, M. D. (2004). Computational constraints on syntactic processing in a nonhuman primate. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5656), 377–380.
A journal article with 3 authors
Feng, M., Zhao, J., & Petek, H. (2008). Atomlike, hollow-core-bound molecular orbitals of C60. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5874), 359–362.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Karst, S. M., Wobus, C. E., Lay, M., Davidson, J., & Virgin, H. W., 4th. (2003). STAT1-dependent innate immunity to a Norwalk-like virus. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5612), 1575–1578.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schneider, B. D. (2007). Energy Leadership. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Peña-Ayala, A. (Ed.). (2013). Intelligent and Adaptive Educational-Learning Systems: Achievements and Trends (Vol. 17). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Pfeiffer, C. D., & Wong, B. (2015). Diagnostic Immunology. In D. R. Hospenthal & M. G. Rinaldi (Eds.), Diagnosis and Treatment of Fungal Infections (pp. 45–64). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IIMB Management Review.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, July 1). Inside the World’s Largest Snake Orgy. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). FAA Oversight of Procedures and Technologies to Prevent and Mitigate the Effects of Dense, Continuous Smoke in the Cockpit (GAO-13-551R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Trump, R. K. (2010). Self -brand overlap and dissociation [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee, L. (2007, October 18). Coziness, With Good Lines. New York Times, F3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Geller, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Fitch & Hauser, 2004; Geller, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fitch & Hauser, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Feng et al., 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Karst et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleIIMB Management Review
ISSN (print)0970-3896
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Economics and Econometrics

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