How to format your references using the Journal of Combinatorial Theory, Series A citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Combinatorial Theory, Series A. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Asplund, Astronomy. The shining make-up of our star, Science. 322 (2008) 51–52.
A journal article with 2 authors
M.M. Parish, P.B. Littlewood, Non-saturating magnetoresistance in heavily disordered semiconductors, Nature. 426 (2003) 162–165.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.X. Mitrovica, N. Gomez, P.U. Clark, The sea-level fingerprint of West Antarctic collapse, Science. 323 (2009) 753.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Meng, Y. Hu, Y. Wang, X. Wang, C. Li, A Mesozoic gliding mammal from northeastern China, Nature. 444 (2006) 889–893.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Levy, Practical Diabetes Care, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 2011.
An edited book
M.J. Sirgy, K.D. Bahn, T. Erem, eds., Proceedings of the 1993 World Marketing Congress, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
P. Germanakos, M. Belk, Personalization Categories and Adaptation Technologies, in: M. Belk (Ed.), Human-Centred Web Adaptation and Personalization: From Theory to Practice, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 103–135.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Combinatorial Theory, Series A.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Researchers Are Looking To A Surprisingly Old Idea For The Next Generation Of Ships: Wind Power, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Evidence Is Insufficient To Support the Administration’s Proposed Changes to AFDC Work Programs, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1985.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D. Fischer, Psychology and people living with hiv/aids: A critical review of the literature, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Pilon, Keeping Their Dogs From Looking Like Ours, New York Times. (2013) B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Combinatorial Theory, Series A
AbbreviationJ. Comb. Theory Ser. A.
ISSN (print)0097-3165
ScopeComputational Theory and Mathematics
Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorics
Theoretical Computer Science

Other styles