How to format your references using the Annales Geophysicae citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annales Geophysicae. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P.: Recruitment blueprint, Nature, 422(6927), 95, 2003.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tilman, D. and Clark, M.: Global diets link environmental sustainability and human health, Nature, 515(7528), 518–522, 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gil, S., Kott, A. and Barabási, A.-L.: A genetic epidemiology approach to cyber-security, Sci. Rep., 4, 5659, 2014.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Sakuda, A., Takeuchi, T., Okamura, K., Kobayashi, H., Sakaebe, H., Tatsumi, K. and Ogumi, Z.: Rock-salt-type lithium metal sulphides as novel positive-electrode materials, Sci. Rep., 4, 4883, 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tasman, A., Kay, J. and Ursano, R. J.: The Psychiatric Interview, John Wiley & Sons, Oxford., 2013.
An edited book
Bra, P. D., Kobsa, A. and Chin, D., Eds.: User Modeling, Adaptation, and Personalization: 18th International Conference, UMAP 2010, Big Island, HI, USA, June 20-24, 2010. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg., 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Droste-Franke, B., Carrier, M., Kaiser, M., Schreurs, M., Weber, C. and Ziesemer, T.: Characterisation of Recent Energy System Analyses, in Improving Energy Decisions: Towards Better Scientific Policy Advice for a Safe and Secure Future Energy System, edited by M. Carrier, M. Kaiser, M. Schreurs, C. Weber, and T. Ziesemer, pp. 69–140, Springer International Publishing, Cham., 2015.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annales Geophysicae.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Little Hedgehog Who Lost His Spikes Being Kept Cozy Until They Grow Back, IFLScience [online] Available from: (Accessed 30 October 2018), 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Airport Improvement Program: State Block Grant Pilot Program Is a Success, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC., 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodman, R. A.: Casual factors that contribute to gender bias in career choice among junior high school age females, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA., 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G.: Backman Is Poised On Top Step of the Dugout, New York Times, 4th August, B12, 2010.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik, 2003; Tilman and Clark, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tilman and Clark, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Sakuda et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnales Geophysicae
AbbreviationAnn. Geophys.
ISSN (print)0992-7689
ISSN (online)1432-0576
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Atmospheric Science
Space and Planetary Science
Astronomy and Astrophysics

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