How to format your references using the Annales Geophysicae citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annales Geophysicae. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lewin, R. A.: Why rename things?, Nature, 410(6829), 637, 2001.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reipurth, B. and Mikkola, S.: Formation of the widest binary stars from dynamical unfolding of triple systems, Nature, 492(7428), 221–224, 2012.
A journal article with 3 authors
Patterson, D., Schnell, M. and Doyle, J. M.: Enantiomer-specific detection of chiral molecules via microwave spectroscopy, Nature, 497(7450), 475–477, 2013.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Xie, X., Li, Y., Liu, Z.-Q., Haruta, M. and Shen, W.: Low-temperature oxidation of CO catalysed by Co(3)O(4) nanorods, Nature, 458(7239), 746–749, 2009.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stahl, S. and Stenson, C.: Introduction to Topology and Geometry, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ., 2013.
An edited book
Bai, H.: Distributed Multiple Description Coding: Principles, Algorithms and Systems, edited by A. Wang, Y. Zhao, J.-S. Pan, and A. Abraham, Springer, London., 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Feng, L., Hu, Y., Hall, C. A. S. and Wang, J.: Summary, in The Chinese Oil Industry: History and Future, edited by Y. Hu, C. A. S. Hall, and J. Wang, pp. 91–99, Springer, New York, NY., 2013.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annales Geophysicae.

Blog post
Carpineti, A.: More Fast Radio Bursts Have Been Detected From Auriga, IFLScience [online] Available from: (Accessed 30 October 2018), 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: [Comments on Use of Frequent Flyer Credits], U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC., 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Darko-Mensah, K.: Application of Data Envelopment Analysis to Measure the Online Outsourcing Efficiency of Sub-Saharan African Countries, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC., 2019.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M. and Pogrebin, R.: Concern Over Gala As Trumps Bow Out, New York Times, 27th August, C1, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lewin, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Lewin, 2001; Reipurth and Mikkola, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reipurth and Mikkola, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Xie et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnales Geophysicae
AbbreviationAnn. Geophys.
ISSN (print)0992-7689
ISSN (online)1432-0576
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Atmospheric Science
Space and Planetary Science
Astronomy and Astrophysics

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