How to format your references using the Annales Geophysicae citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annales Geophysicae. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blatter, G.: Schrodinger’s cat is now fat, Nature, 406, 25–26, 2000.
A journal article with 2 authors
Broza, M. and Halpern, M.: Pathogen reservoirs. Chironomid egg masses and Vibrio cholerae, Nature, 412, 40, 2001.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tayagaki, T., Hoshi, Y., and Usami, N.: Investigation of the open-circuit voltage in solar cells doped with quantum dots, Sci. Rep., 3, 2703, 2013.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Organ, C. L., Janes, D. E., Meade, A., and Pagel, M.: Genotypic sex determination enabled adaptive radiations of extinct marine reptiles, Nature, 461, 389–392, 2009.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
von Eye, A. and Mun, E.-Y.: Log-Linear Modeling, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
An edited book
Paragios, N., Duncan, J., and Ayache, N. (Eds.): Handbook of Biomedical Imaging: Methodologies and Clinical Research, Springer US, Boston, MA, VII, 511 p. 154 illus pp., 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Nazaikinskii, V., Schulze, B.-W., and Sternin, B.: Superposition Principle for KK-Theory, in: The Localization Problem in Index Theory of Elliptic Operators, edited by: Schulze, B.-W. and Sternin, B., Springer, Basel, 59–68, 2014.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annales Geophysicae.

Blog post
Solar Technology Could Make Underground Parks In Cramped Cities Possible:, last access: 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) Development and the Ability of the Department of the Interior To Administer Such a Program, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1975.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Parhad, A.: Energy scavenging using piezoelectric sensors to power in pavement intelligent vehicle detection systems, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wasik, J. F.: Mold-Busting Financial Start-Ups Led by Industry Veterans, New York Times, 23rd November, B3, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blatter, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Blatter, 2000; Broza and Halpern, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Broza and Halpern, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Organ et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnales Geophysicae
AbbreviationAnn. Geophys.
ISSN (print)0992-7689
ISSN (online)1432-0576
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Atmospheric Science
Space and Planetary Science
Astronomy and Astrophysics

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