How to format your references using the Annales Geophysicae citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annales Geophysicae. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stajic, J.: Quantum information processing. The future of quantum information processing. Introduction, Science, 339, 1163, 2013.
A journal article with 2 authors
Soles, C. L. and Ding, Y.: Materials science. Nanoscale polymer processing, Science, 322, 689–690, 2008.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vreeland, R. H., Rosenzweig, W. D., and Powers, D. W.: Isolation of a 250 million-year-old halotolerant bacterium from a primary salt crystal, Nature, 407, 897–900, 2000.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Jones, K. L., Adekola, A. S., Bardayan, D. W., Blackmon, J. C., Chae, K. Y., Chipps, K. A., Cizewski, J. A., Erikson, L., Harlin, C., Hatarik, R., Kapler, R., Kozub, R. L., Liang, J. F., Livesay, R., Ma, Z., Moazen, B. H., Nesaraja, C. D., Nunes, F. M., Pain, S. D., Patterson, N. P., Shapira, D., Shriner, J. F., Jr, Smith, M. S., Swan, T. P., and Thomas, J. S.: The magic nature of (132)Sn explored through the single-particle states of (133)Sn, Nature, 465, 454–457, 2010.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mann, S.: Microsoft® SharePoint® Server 2010 Bible, Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA, 2010.
An edited book
Helming, K., Pérez-Soba, M., and Tabbush, P. (Eds.): Sustainability Impact Assessment of Land Use Changes, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, X, 508 p. 72 illus., 55 illus. in color pp., 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Nichols, J.: Scope of Compensation for Environmental Damage Under the 1992 Civil Liability Convention and the 1992 Fund Convention, in: Marine Resource Damage Assessment: Liability and Compensation for Environmental Damage, edited by: Maes, F., Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 59–66, 2005.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annales Geophysicae.

Blog post
How Corruption Is Hurting Mexico City’s Efforts To Tackle Air Pollution:, last access: 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: FAA’s Air Traffic Controller Staffing Standards, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mahmud, S.: Comparing the Performance of Bottom-Moored and Unmanned Surface Vehicle Towed Passive Acoustic Monitoring Platforms for Marine Mammal Detections, Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S.: Moscow Journal; Feast or Fast? Russians Just Can’t Give Up Lent, New York Times, 29th April, A4, 2002.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stajic, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Stajic, 2013; Soles and Ding, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Soles and Ding, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Jones et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnales Geophysicae
AbbreviationAnn. Geophys.
ISSN (print)0992-7689
ISSN (online)1432-0576
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Atmospheric Science
Space and Planetary Science
Astronomy and Astrophysics

Other styles