How to format your references using the IFAC Journal of Systems and Control citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IFAC Journal of Systems and Control. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jaeger, N. I. (2001). Surface science. Bridging gaps and opening windows. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5535), 1601–1602.
A journal article with 2 authors
Post, E., & Forchhammer, M. C. (2002). Synchronization of animal population dynamics by large-scale climate. Nature, 420(6912), 168–171.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lambert, J. B., Gurusamy-Thangavelu, S. A., & Ma, K. (2010). The silicate-mediated formose reaction: bottom-up synthesis of sugar silicates. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5968), 984–986.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Mauch, D. H., Nägler, K., Schumacher, S., Göritz, C., Müller, E. C., Otto, A., & Pfrieger, F. W. (2001). CNS synaptogenesis promoted by glia-derived cholesterol. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5545), 1354–1357.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Radcliff, P. B. (2017). Modern Spain. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Jurdak, M. (2016). Social and Political Dimensions of Mathematics Education: Current Thinking (R. Vithal, E. de Freitas, P. Gates, & D. Kollosche, Eds.). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Achterbergh, J., & Vriens, D. (2010). Epilogue to Part I: The Two “Archai” Combined. In D. Vriens (Ed.), Organizations: Social Systems Conducting Experiments (pp. 167–177). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IFAC Journal of Systems and Control.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017, January 15). Here’s A List Of Every Upcoming Space Mission For The Next Twenty Years - And Some Of Them Are Unbelievably Awesome. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). Special Education Reform: Districts Grapple with Inclusion Programs (T-HEHS-94-160). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chlarson-Varner, G. (2010). Falls among older adults 65 years and older [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S. (2016, March 20). Using Their Artistic Vision to Pierce Iran’s Veil. New York Times, WE7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jaeger, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Jaeger, 2001; Post & Forchhammer, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Post & Forchhammer, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Lambert et al., 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Mauch et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleIFAC Journal of Systems and Control
ISSN (print)2468-6018

Other styles