How to format your references using the IFAC Journal of Systems and Control citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IFAC Journal of Systems and Control. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Triendl, R. (2002). Computerized role models. Nature, 417(6892), 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Navarro, M., & Gull, K. (2001). A pol I transcriptional body associated with VSG mono-allelic expression in Trypanosoma brucei. Nature, 414(6865), 759–763.
A journal article with 3 authors
Arjona, A., Escudero, M., & Gómez, C. M. (2014). Updating of attentional and premotor allocation resources as function of previous trial outcome. Scientific Reports, 4, 4526.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Park, S., Heo, S. W., Lee, W., Inoue, D., Jiang, Z., Yu, K., Jinno, H., Hashizume, D., Sekino, M., Yokota, T., Fukuda, K., Tajima, K., & Someya, T. (2018). Self-powered ultra-flexible electronics via nano-grating-patterned organic photovoltaics. Nature, 561(7724), 516–521.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonnini, S., Corain, L., Marozzi, M., & Salmaso, L. (2014). Nonparametric Hypothesis Testing: Rank and Permutation Methods with Applications in R. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Safavi-Naini, R., & Canetti, R. (Eds.). (2012). Advances in Cryptology – CRYPTO 2012: 32nd Annual Cryptology Conference, Santa Barbara, CA, USA, August 19-23, 2012. Proceedings (Vol. 7417). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Chornomaz, B. (2014). Algebraicity and the Tensor Product of Concept Lattices. In C. V. Glodeanu, M. Kaytoue, & C. Sacarea (Eds.), Formal Concept Analysis: 12th International Conference, ICFCA 2014, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, June 10-13, 2014. Proceedings (pp. 54–66). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IFAC Journal of Systems and Control.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 3). Astronaut Captures Spectacular Image Of Planetary Alignment From Space. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1979). Bureau of Indian Affairs’ Progress in Providing Special Education Services to Indian Children (CED-79-121). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dandavate, R. (2006). Building Cultural Understanding Through Cultural Exchange [Doctoral dissertation]. Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland, J. (2017, May 25). Comrades of the Sky. New York Times, MB8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Triendl, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Navarro & Gull, 2001; Triendl, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Navarro & Gull, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Arjona et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Park et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleIFAC Journal of Systems and Control
ISSN (print)2468-6018

Other styles