How to format your references using the IMA Journal of Mathematical Control and Information citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IMA Journal of Mathematical Control and Information. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sarewitz, D. (2013) Science’s rightful place is in service of society. Nature, 502, 595.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dioumaev, V.K. & Bullock, R.M. (2003) A recyclable catalyst that precipitates at the end of the reaction. Nature, 424, 530–532.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pendry, J.B., Schurig, D., & Smith, D.R. (2006) Controlling electromagnetic fields. Science, 312, 1780–1782.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Loiseau, C., Harrigan, R.J., Bichet, C., Julliard, R., Garnier, S., Lendvai, A.Z., Chastel, O., & Sorci, G. (2013) Predictions of avian Plasmodium expansion under climate change. Sci. Rep., 3, 1126.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chiang, H.-D. (2010) Direct Methods for Stability Analysis of Electric Power Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Tsunekawa, A., Liu, G., Yamanaka, N., & Du, S. (2014) Restoration and Development of the Degraded Loess Plateau, China. , Ecological Research Monographs. Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Tristão, J.C., Ardisson, J.D., Sansiviero, M.T.C., & Lago, R.M. (2009) Reduction of hematite with ethanol to produce magnetic nanoparticles of Fe3O4, Fe1 − x O or Fe0 coated with carbon. LACAME 2008: Proceedings of the 11th Latin American Conference on the Applications of the Mössbauer Effect, (LACAME 2006) held in La Plata, 9-14 November 2008 (Desimoni, J., Ramos, C.P., Arcondo, B., Saccone, F.D., & Mercader, R.C. eds). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 15–19.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IMA Journal of Mathematical Control and Information.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015) Why Do Snakes Have DNA For Limb Development? IFLScience. URL


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003) Aviation Safety: FAA Needs to Update Curriculum and Certification Requirements for Aviation Mechanics ( No. GAO-03-317). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mbwiri, F.I. (2017) Remedial Math Instruction Intervention: Efficacy of Constructivist Practices on Alternative Students with Disabilities Mathematics Achievement (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. (2017) The Eve of Destruction, as Seen on TV. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sarewitz, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Dioumaev & Bullock, 2003; Sarewitz, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dioumaev & Bullock, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Loiseau et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleIMA Journal of Mathematical Control and Information
AbbreviationIMA J. Math. Control Inform.
ISSN (print)0265-0754
ISSN (online)1471-6887
ScopeControl and Systems Engineering
Applied Mathematics
Control and Optimization

Other styles