How to format your references using the IMA Journal of Mathematical Control and Information citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IMA Journal of Mathematical Control and Information. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Krull, W. (2015) Hubert Markl (1938-2015). Nature, 518, 168.
A journal article with 2 authors
di Bernardo, D. & Murray, A. (2000) Explaining the T-wave shape in the ECG. Nature, 403, 40.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tang, C., Schwieters, C.D., & Clore, G.M. (2007) Open-to-closed transition in apo maltose-binding protein observed by paramagnetic NMR. Nature, 449, 1078–1082.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, D., Zhang, Z., Zhu, Z., & Liang, B. (2014) Magnetic structure and magnetic transport properties of graphene nanoribbons with sawtooth zigzag edges. Sci. Rep., 4, 7587.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abdul-Rahman, Y. (2014) The Art of RF (Riba-Free) Islamic Banking and Finance. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sen, R. (2014) Secularism and Religion in Multi-faith Societies: The Case of India. , SpringerBriefs in Political Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Gisbertz, S.S., Straatman, J., & Cuesta, M.A. (2014) General Principles of Recognition of Major Complications Following Surgery of the Digestive Tract. Treatment of Postoperative Complications After Digestive Surgery (Cuesta, M.A. & Bonjer, H.J. eds). London: Springer, pp. 27–33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IMA Journal of Mathematical Control and Information.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014) Giant River Otters Are Much Chattier Than We Thought. IFLScience. URL


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013) Puerto Rico: Characteristics of the Island’s Maritime Trade and Potential Effects of Modifying the Jones Act ( No. GAO-13-260). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tchen, Y. (2010) An evaluation of the effectiveness of mandatory reporting of health care associated infection (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Steinberger, M. (2013) The Afterlife Of The Best Tennis Player In The World. New York Times, MM31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Krull, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (di Bernardo & Murray, 2000; Krull, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (di Bernardo & Murray, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleIMA Journal of Mathematical Control and Information
AbbreviationIMA J. Math. Control Inform.
ISSN (print)0265-0754
ISSN (online)1471-6887
ScopeControl and Systems Engineering
Applied Mathematics
Control and Optimization

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