How to format your references using the Tropical Cyclone Research and Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tropical Cyclone Research and Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kronenberg, H.M., 2003. Developmental regulation of the growth plate. Nature 423, 332–336.
A journal article with 2 authors
Warren, L.A., Kauffman, M.E., 2003. Geoscience. Microbial geoengineers. Science 299, 1027–1029.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mongillo, G., Barak, O., Tsodyks, M., 2008. Synaptic theory of working memory. Science 319, 1543–1546.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rakitzis, T.P., Samartzis, P.C., Toomes, R.L., Kitsopoulos, T.N., Brown, A., Balint-Kurti, G.G., Vasyutinskii, O.S., Beswick, J.A., 2003. Spin-polarized hydrogen atoms from molecular photodissociation. Science 300, 1936–1938.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Huang, Q., Jing, S., Yi, J., Zhen, W., 2014. Innovative Testing and Measurement Solutions for Smart Grid. John Wiley & Sons, Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore.
An edited book
Bellahsène, Z., Léonard, M. (Eds.), 2008. Advanced Information Systems Engineering: 20th International Conference, CAiSE 2008 Montpellier, France, June 16-20, 2008 Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Frey, H., Rührup, S., Stojmenović, I., 2009. Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks, in: Misra, S.C., Woungang, I., Misra, S. (Eds.), Guide to Wireless Sensor Networks, Computer Communications and Networks. Springer, London, pp. 81–111.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tropical Cyclone Research and Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. The Not-So-Invisible Damage From VW Diesel Cheat: $100 Million In Health Costs [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993. [FAA Employees’ Use of Government Vehicles for After-Hours Transportation] (No. B-254296). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bailey, K.M., 2017. A Phenomenological Study of How Biblical Spiritual Disciplines Influence Women’s Character and Leadership Practices in Christian Faith-based Institutions in Higher Education in North America (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, S., 2000. Op-art; Sub-liminal. New York Times A33.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kronenberg, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Kronenberg, 2003; Warren and Kauffman, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Warren and Kauffman, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Rakitzis et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleTropical Cyclone Research and Review
ISSN (print)2225-6032

Other styles