How to format your references using the Tropical Cyclone Research and Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tropical Cyclone Research and Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Quirrenbach, A., 2007. Astronomy. Seeing the surfaces of stars. Science 317, 325–326.
A journal article with 2 authors
Noudoost, B., Moore, T., 2011. Control of visual cortical signals by prefrontal dopamine. Nature 474, 372–375.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xiang, G.Y., Hofmann, H.F., Pryde, G.J., 2013. Optimal multi-photon phase sensing with a single interference fringe. Sci. Rep. 3, 2684.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rosa, P.F.S., Adriano, C., Garitezi, T.M., Grant, T., Fisk, Z., Urbano, R.R., Pagliuso, P.G., 2014. Site specific spin dynamics in BaFe2As2: tuning the ground state by orbital differentiation. Sci. Rep. 4, 6543.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schneider, H.J., 2013. Wittgenstein’s Later Theory of Meaning. John Wiley & Sons Inc., Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Goldfarb, J.M. (Ed.), 2014. Third-Party Reproduction: A Comprehensive Guide. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Moore, N., 2014. Me to We, in: Asabere-Ameyaw, A., Anamuah-Mensah, J., Dei, G.S., Raheem, K. (Eds.), Indigenist African Development and Related Issues: Towards a Transdisciplinary Perspective. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp. 49–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tropical Cyclone Research and Review.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2017. The World’s Most Sensitive Search For Dark Matter Is Up And Running [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995. Aviation Safety: FAA Can Be More Proactive in Promoting Aviation Safety (No. T-RCED-95-81). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Parihar, R., 2004. Characterization of the Natural Killer Cell Cytokine Response to Antibody-Coated Tumor Cells (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J., 2016. A Debate? Or Rivals Just Trying to Go Viral? New York Times A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Quirrenbach, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Noudoost and Moore, 2011; Quirrenbach, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Noudoost and Moore, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Rosa et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleTropical Cyclone Research and Review
ISSN (print)2225-6032

Other styles