How to format your references using the Tropical Cyclone Research and Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tropical Cyclone Research and Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rummel, J.D., 2000. Survival on the edge: the tube worm’s strategy. Nature 407, 671.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bourc’his, D., Voinnet, O., 2010. A small-RNA perspective on gametogenesis, fertilization, and early zygotic development. Science 330, 617–622.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hinks, D.G., Claus, H., Jorgensen, J.D., 2001. The complex nature of superconductivity in MgB2 as revealed by the reduced total isotope effect. Nature 411, 457–460.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Suzuki, Y., Sakai, N., Yoshida, A., Uekusa, Y., Yagi, A., Imaoka, Y., Ito, S., Karaki, K., Takeyasu, K., 2013. High-speed atomic force microscopy combined with inverted optical microscopy for studying cellular events. Sci. Rep. 3, 2131.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Adams, N., 2013. Eclipse of Grace. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Wang, J., Xiong, H., Ishikawa, Y., Xu, J., Zhou, J. (Eds.), 2013. Web-Age Information Management: 14th International Conference, WAIM 2013, Beidaihe, China, June 14-16, 2013. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Klein, R., Vater, S., Paeschke, E., Ruprecht, D., 2011. Multiple scales methods in meteorology, in: Steinrück, H. (Ed.), Asymptotic Methods in Fluid Mechanics: Survey and Recent Advances, CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences. Springer, Vienna, pp. 127–196.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tropical Cyclone Research and Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2013. Completely Blind People Still Able To React To Light [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. School Facilities: Physical Conditions in School Districts Receiving Impact Aid for Students Residing on Indian Lands (No. GAO-10-32). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Whitehead, C.F., 2010. Teacher perceptions of the effects of parentification on social interactions in the school setting (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman, J., 2017. Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times MM16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rummel, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Bourc’his and Voinnet, 2010; Rummel, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bourc’his and Voinnet, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Suzuki et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleTropical Cyclone Research and Review
ISSN (print)2225-6032

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