How to format your references using the Tropical Cyclone Research and Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tropical Cyclone Research and Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gomory, R., 2010. Benoît Mandelbrot (1924-2010). Nature 468, 378.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jiang, C., Srinivasan, S.G., 2013. Unexpected strain-stiffening in crystalline solids. Nature 496, 339–342.
A journal article with 3 authors
Behrens, T.E.J., Hunt, L.T., Rushworth, M.F.S., 2009. The computation of social behavior. Science 324, 1160–1164.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hood, E., Fellman, J., Spencer, R.G.M., Hernes, P.J., Edwards, R., D’Amore, D., Scott, D., 2009. Glaciers as a source of ancient and labile organic matter to the marine environment. Nature 462, 1044–1047.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maguire, L., Smith, E., 2012. 30 Great Myths about Shakespeare. Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Xhafa, F., Caballé, S., Abraham, A., Daradoumis, T., Juan Perez, A.A. (Eds.), 2010. Computational Intelligence for Technology Enhanced Learning, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Duarte, E., 2012. Plato’s “Allegory of the Cave,” in: Duarte, E.M. (Ed.), Being and Learning: A Poetic Phenomenology of Education. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp. 69–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tropical Cyclone Research and Review.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. How to Make Plasma Using A Grape And A Microwave [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1978. Federal Computer Systems Protection Act of 1978 (S. 1766) (No. 106293). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moeller, R.A., 2008. “No thanks, those are boy books”: A feminist cultural analysis of graphic novels as curricular materials (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Risen, J., 2017. John Platt, 80, U.S. Spy Who Befriended Foe. New York Times B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gomory, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Gomory, 2010; Jiang and Srinivasan, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jiang and Srinivasan, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Hood et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleTropical Cyclone Research and Review
ISSN (print)2225-6032

Other styles