How to format your references using the IET Software citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Software. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
de Chadarevian, S.: ‘Perceptions in science. The making of an icon’Science, 2003, 300, (5617), pp. 255–257.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jordan, K.D., Johnson, M.A.: ‘Chemistry. Downsizing the hydrated electron’s lair’Science, 2010, 329, (5987), pp. 42–43.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, X., Yang, Y., Ashwell, J.D.: ‘TNF-RII and c-IAP1 mediate ubiquitination and degradation of TRAF2’Nature, 2002, 416, (6878), pp. 345–347.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Rogers, G.C., Rogers, S.L., Schwimmer, T.A., et al.: ‘Two mitotic kinesins cooperate to drive sister chromatid separation during anaphase’Nature, 2004, 427, (6972), pp. 364–370.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lyatkher, V.M.: ‘Seismic Loads’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2015)
An edited book
Velde, P.: ‘Soils, Plants and Clay Minerals: Mineral and Biologic Interactions’ (Springer, 2010)
A chapter in an edited book
Khan, W.: ‘Political Violence and Peacebuilding in Jammu and Kashmir’, in Noor, N.M., Montiel, C.J. (Eds.): ‘Peace Psychology in Asia’ (Springer US, 2009), pp. 65–81

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Software.

Blog post
Fang, J.: ‘For Fish, Warmer Waters Are Okay, But Not Extreme Heat’, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Transportation-Disadvantaged Populations: Federal Agencies Are Taking Steps to Assist States and Local Agencies in Coordinating Transportation Services’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 2004)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Koons, L.M.: ‘An outreach program for homeless individuals: A grant proposal’. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2013

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Corkery, M., Walsh, M.W.: ‘In Puerto Rico, Debt Is Called “Not Payable”’New York Times, 2015, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Software
AbbreviationIET Softw.
ISSN (print)1751-8806
ScopeComputer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design

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