How to format your references using the IET Software citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Software. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Flower, H.M.: ‘Electrochemistry. A moving oxygen story’Nature, 2000, 407, (6802), pp. 305–306.
A journal article with 2 authors
Simpkins, P.G., Kuck, V.J.: ‘Air entrapment in coatings by way of a tip-streaming meniscus’Nature, 2000, 403, (6770), pp. 641–643.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ye, K., Cong, B., Ye, D.: ‘The possible subduction of continental material to depths greater than 200 km’Nature, 2000, 407, (6805), pp. 734–736.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Seeger, H., Heikenwalder, M., Zeller, N., et al.: ‘Coincident scrapie infection and nephritis lead to urinary prion excretion’Science, 2005, 310, (5746), pp. 324–326.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O’Connor, D.: ‘God, Evil, and Design’ (Blackwell Publishing Ltd., 2009)
An edited book
Sörensen, K., Sevaux, M., Habenicht, W., Geiger, M.J. (Eds.): ‘Metaheuristics in the Service Industry’ (Springer, 2009)
A chapter in an edited book
Moore, T., Han, J., Clayton, R.: ‘The Postmodern Ponzi Scheme: Empirical Analysis of High-Yield Investment Programs’, in Keromytis, A.D. (Ed.): ‘Financial Cryptography and Data Security: 16th International Conference, FC 2012, Kralendijk, Bonaire, Februray 27-March 2, 2012, Revised Selected Papers’ (Springer, 2012), pp. 41–56

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Software.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: ‘How Close Are We To Back To The Future’s Vision Of Tomorrow? A Scientist’s View’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Costs of Government Funded Trips for Invitees To Attend Space Shuttle Launches at Kennedy Space Center, Florida’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1984)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hertzog, L.: ‘Development and implementation of a prenatal postpartum depression education program for nurse practitioner students at California State University Long Beach’. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2013

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kercher, S.: ‘Modern Help for the Brokenhearted? It’s Online’New York Times, 2017, p. D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Software
AbbreviationIET Softw.
ISSN (print)1751-8806
ScopeComputer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design

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