How to format your references using the IET Software citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Software. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Boyle, P.: ‘Social science. A U.K. view on the U.S. attack on social sciences’Science, 2013, 341, (6147), p. 719.
A journal article with 2 authors
Conley, M.E., Fruman, D.A.: ‘Genetics. Can cancer drugs treat immunodeficiency?’Science, 2013, 342, (6160), pp. 814–815.
A journal article with 3 authors
Haile-Selassie, Y., Suwa, G., White, T.D.: ‘Late Miocene teeth from Middle Awash, Ethiopia, and early hominid dental evolution’Science, 2004, 303, (5663), pp. 1503–1505.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kirkland, J.I., Zanno, L.E., Sampson, S.D., Clark, J.M., DeBlieux, D.D.: ‘A primitive therizinosauroid dinosaur from the Early Cretaceous of Utah’Nature, 2005, 435, (7038), pp. 84–87.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Corns, T.N.: ‘A History of Seventeenth-Century English Literature’ (Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2008)
An edited book
Cheung, K.W.: ‘Flash Application Design Solutions: The Flash Usability Handbook’ (Apress, 2006)
A chapter in an edited book
Myers, S.: ‘LEP Operation’, in Alvarez-Gaumé, L., Mangano, M., Tsesmelis, E. (Eds.): ‘From the PS to the LHC - 50 Years of Nobel Memories in High-Energy Physics’ (Springer, 2012), pp. 63–78

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Software.

Blog post
Davis, J.: ‘5 Things That Make You Attractive To Mosquitoes’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Pipeline Safety: Preliminary Information on the Office of Pipeline Safety’s Enforcement Activities’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 2004)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peterson, C.: ‘Psycho-socio-cultural risk factors for breech presentation’. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, 2008

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J.: ‘Mets Win as Bruce Drives in Five Runs With Two Homers’New York Times, 2017, p. B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Software
AbbreviationIET Softw.
ISSN (print)1751-8806
ScopeComputer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design

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