How to format your references using the Construction and Building Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Construction and Building Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Walker, Nuclear physics. Doubly magic nickel, Nature. 404 (2000) 447, 449.
A journal article with 2 authors
Y. Kawatani, K. Hamilton, Weakened stratospheric quasibiennial oscillation driven by increased tropical mean upwelling, Nature. 497 (2013) 478–481.
A journal article with 3 authors
X.S. Xie, J. Yu, W.Y. Yang, Living cells as test tubes, Science. 312 (2006) 228–230.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
E. Almaas, B. Kovács, T. Vicsek, Z.N. Oltvai, A.-L. Barabási, Global organization of metabolic fluxes in the bacterium Escherichia coli, Nature. 427 (2004) 839–843.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Habart-Corlosquet, J. Janssen, R. Manca, VaR Methodology for Non-Gaussian Finance, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA, 2013.
An edited book
P. Ciarletta, Mathematical Models and Methods for Living Systems: Levico Terme, Italy 2014, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
W. Wein, A. Ladikos, B. Fuerst, A. Shah, K. Sharma, N. Navab, Global Registration of Ultrasound to MRI Using the LC2 Metric for Enabling Neurosurgical Guidance, in: K. Mori, I. Sakuma, Y. Sato, C. Barillot, N. Navab (Eds.), Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention – MICCAI 2013: 16th International Conference, Nagoya, Japan, September 22-26, 2013, Proceedings, Part I, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013: pp. 34–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Construction and Building Materials.

Blog post
J. Davis, Doctors Discover How To Manipulate Wounds To Regenerate Into Skin Rather Than Scar Tissue, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Payments in Lieu of Taxes for Federal Property, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S.M. Dooling, Like A Unicorn in Captivity, Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, When Loss Means Disappointment, Not Disaster, New York Times. (2010) D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleConstruction and Building Materials
AbbreviationConstr. Build. Mater.
ISSN (print)0950-0618
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Building and Construction
General Materials Science

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