How to format your references using the Construction and Building Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Construction and Building Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
I.B. Weinstein, Cancer. Addiction to oncogenes--the Achilles heal of cancer, Science. 297 (2002) 63–64.
A journal article with 2 authors
D.T. Wasan, A.D. Nikolov, Spreading of nanofluids on solids, Nature. 423 (2003) 156–159.
A journal article with 3 authors
H. Kohguchi, T. Suzuki, M.H. Alexander, Fully state-resolved differential cross sections for the inelastic scattering of the open-shell NO molecule by Ar, Science. 294 (2001) 832–834.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
K. Qian, L. Zhou, J. Liu, J. Yang, H. Xu, M. Yu, A. Nouwens, J. Zou, M.J. Monteiro, C. Yu, Laser engineered graphene paper for mass spectrometry imaging, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1415.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Wahbi, Algorithms and Ordering Heuristics for Distributed Constraint Satisfaction Problems, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA, 2013.
An edited book
H. Ono, M. Kanazawa, R. de Queiroz, eds., Logic, Language, Information and Computation: 16th International Workshop, WoLLIC 2009, Tokyo, Japan, June 21-24, 2009. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
C. Secchi, R. Olmi, C. Fantuzzi, M. Casarini, TRAFCON – Traffic Control of AGVs in Automatic Warehouses, in: F. Röhrbein, G. Veiga, C. Natale (Eds.), Gearing up and Accelerating Cross‐fertilization between Academic and Industrial Robotics Research in Europe: Technology Transfer Experiments from the ECHORD Project, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014: pp. 85–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Construction and Building Materials.

Blog post
D. Andrew, A Military View On Climate Change: It’s Eroding Our National Security And We Should Prepare For It, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Examination of Grants Awarded to the Berkeley Unified School District and to Bilingual Children’s Television, Inc, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1974.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A.M. Nakano, Community college swirlers and the transfer function, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Dynarski, America Can Fix Its Student Loan Crisis. Ask Australia, New York Times. (2016) BU6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleConstruction and Building Materials
AbbreviationConstr. Build. Mater.
ISSN (print)0950-0618
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Building and Construction
General Materials Science

Other styles