How to format your references using the Construction and Building Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Construction and Building Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C. Seife, PHYSICS: Will NIF Live Up to Its Name?, Science. 289 (2000) 1128.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.M. Coffin, J.P. Stoye, Virology. A new virus for old diseases?, Science. 326 (2009) 530–531.
A journal article with 3 authors
V. Piras, M. Tomita, K. Selvarajoo, Transcriptome-wide variability in single embryonic development cells, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 7137.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. Nakatsu, S. Ichiyama, J. Hiratake, A. Saldanha, N. Kobashi, K. Sakata, H. Kato, Structural basis for the spectral difference in luciferase bioluminescence, Nature. 440 (2006) 372–376.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
K. Stoute, Help, I’m Rich!, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2014.
An edited book
T. Andreasen, R.R. Yager, H. Bulskov, H. Christiansen, H.L. Larsen, eds., Flexible Query Answering Systems: 8th International Conference, FQAS 2009, Roskilde, Denmark, October 26-28, 2009. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Juyumaya, S. Lambropoulou, An Adelic Extension of the Jones Polynomial, in: M. Banagl, D. Vogel (Eds.), The Mathematics of Knots: Theory and Application, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011: pp. 125–142.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Construction and Building Materials.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Scientists Reveal Why Antarctica’s Mysterious Ghost Mountains Appear So Youthful, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Public Transportation: Federal Role in Value Capture Strategies for Transit Is Limited, but Additional Guidance Could Help Clarify Policies, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. Rivera, A post analysis of an advanced access appointment model, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.W. Walsh, Santander to Pay $6.4 Million to Islanders in Puerto Rico Bond Settlement, New York Times. (2015) B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleConstruction and Building Materials
AbbreviationConstr. Build. Mater.
ISSN (print)0950-0618
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Building and Construction
General Materials Science

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