How to format your references using the IET Signal Processing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Signal Processing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Altman, E.: ‘Physics. Critical Insights’Science, 2007, 315, (5818), pp. 1504–1505.
A journal article with 2 authors
Carr, J.S., Najita, J.R.: ‘Organic molecules and water in the planet formation region of young circumstellar disks’Science, 2008, 319, (5869), pp. 1504–1506.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chadderton, P., Margrie, T.W., Häusser, M.: ‘Integration of quanta in cerebellar granule cells during sensory processing’Nature, 2004, 428, (6985), pp. 856–860.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Silva, J.M., Marran, K., Parker, J.S., et al.: ‘Profiling essential genes in human mammary cells by multiplex RNAi screening’Science, 2008, 319, (5863), pp. 617–620.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grinshpan, L.: ‘Solving Enterprise Applications Performance Puzzles’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2012)
An edited book
Nesterenko, M.V.: ‘Thin Impedance Vibrators: Theory and Applications’ (Springer, 2011)
A chapter in an edited book
Ruohomaa, S., Hankalahti, A., Kutvonen, L.: ‘Detecting and Reacting to Changes in Reputation Flows’, in Wakeman, I., Gudes, E., Jensen, C.D., Crampton, J. (Eds.): ‘Trust Management V: 5th IFIP WG 11.11 International Conference, IFIPTM 2011, Copenhagen, Denmark, June 29 – July 1, 2011. Proceedings’ (Springer, 2011), pp. 19–34

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Signal Processing.

Blog post
Andrews, R.: ‘How Well Did Back To The Future Predict Our Lives In 2015?’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘The Times and Space: An Interview With Michael Collins’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1988)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Newberry, G.C.: ‘Students’ experiences with simulation education’. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, 2014

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
GEORGE GENE GUSTINES; Compiled by DAVE ITZKOFF: ‘Superman’s Debut Comic Sells For $1 Million’New York Times, 2010, p. C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Signal Processing
ISSN (print)1751-9675
ScopeSignal Processing
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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