How to format your references using the IET Signal Processing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Signal Processing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Scheid, J.F.: ‘HIV-specific B cell response in patients with broadly neutralizing serum activity’Science, 2015, 350, (6265), p. 1175.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moore, D.E., Rymer, M.J.: ‘Talc-bearing serpentinite and the creeping section of the San Andreas fault’Nature, 2007, 448, (7155), pp. 795–797.
A journal article with 3 authors
Heimpel, M., Aurnou, J., Wicht, J.: ‘Simulation of equatorial and high-latitude jets on Jupiter in a deep convection model’Nature, 2005, 438, (7065), pp. 193–196.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Field, J., Shreeves, G., Sumner, S., Casiraghi, M.: ‘Insurance-based advantage to helpers in a tropical hover wasp’Nature, 2000, 404, (6780), pp. 869–871.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Obayya, S.: ‘Computational Photonics’ (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2010)
An edited book
Paschke, A., Biletskiy, Y. (Eds.): ‘Advances in Rule Interchange and Applications: International Symposium, RuleML 2007, Orlando, Florida, October 25-26, 2007. Proceedings’ (Springer, 2007)
A chapter in an edited book
Trigo, R.M.: ‘The Impacts of the NAO on Hydrological Resources of the Western Mediterranean’, in Vicente-Serrano, S.M., Trigo, R.M. (Eds.): ‘Hydrological, Socioeconomic and Ecological Impacts of the North Atlantic Oscillation in the Mediterranean Region’ (Springer Netherlands, 2011), pp. 41–56

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Signal Processing.

Blog post
Andrew, D.: ‘How To Make An Air Conditioner In Less Than 15 Minutes Out Of Common Household Items’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘University Research: U.S. Reimbursement of Tuition Costs for University Employee Family Members’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1995)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Day, J.P.: ‘Semirelativistic few body problems with matrix continued fraction methods’. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2010

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L.: ‘JUSTICES, 5-4, BACK DETAINEE APPEALS FOR GUANTÁNAMO’New York Times, 2008, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Signal Processing
ISSN (print)1751-9675
ScopeSignal Processing
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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