How to format your references using the IET Renewable Power Generation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Renewable Power Generation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P.: ‘Ground control’Nature, 2003, 421, (6926), p. 969.
A journal article with 2 authors
Halloran, M.E., Longini, I.M., Jr: ‘Public health. Community studies for vaccinating schoolchildren against influenza’Science, 2006, 311, (5761), pp. 615–616.
A journal article with 3 authors
Miura, K., Nasu, H., Yamamoto, S.: ‘Scanning acoustic microscopy for characterization of neoplastic and inflammatory lesions of lymph nodes’Sci. Rep., 2013, 3, p. 1255.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Shriner, D., Tekola-Ayele, F., Adeyemo, A., Rotimi, C.N.: ‘Genome-wide genotype and sequence-based reconstruction of the 140,000 year history of modern human ancestry’Sci. Rep., 2014, 4, p. 6055.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ferrari, M.L., Damo, U.M., Turan, A., Sánchez, D.: ‘Hybrid Systems Based on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells’ (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2017)
An edited book
Gordon, R., Seckbach, J. (Eds.): ‘The Science of Algal Fuels: Phycology, Geology, Biophotonics, Genomics and Nanotechnology’ (Springer Netherlands, 2012)
A chapter in an edited book
Kras, J.F.: ‘Perioperative Considerations of Do Not Resuscitate and Do Not Intubate Orders in Adult Patients’, in Jericho, B.G. (Ed.): ‘Ethical Issues in Anesthesiology and Surgery’ (Springer International Publishing, 2015), pp. 45–57

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Renewable Power Generation.

Blog post
Hale, T.: ‘Subway’s “Chicken” Contains Just 50 Percent Chicken DNA, Says Investigation’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Federal Communications Commission: Assessment and Collection of Regulatory Fees for Fiscal Year 1999’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1999)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Goetz, S.B.: ‘Perceptions toward a restraint-free practice: A case study’. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2014

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barnes, B., Abrams, R.: ‘Beleaguered Weinstein Company Will Not Get a Planned Cash Infusion’New York Times, 2017, p. B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Renewable Power Generation
AbbreviationIET Renew. Power Gener.
ISSN (print)1752-1416
ScopeRenewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

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