How to format your references using the Interventional Cardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Interventional Cardiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Distel JR. Obituary: Raymond Davis Jr (1914-2006). Nature. 442(7099), 150 (2006).
A journal article with 2 authors
Schmiedmayer J, Abele H. ASTROPHYSICS. Probing the dark side. Science. 349(6250), 786–787 (2015).
A journal article with 3 authors
Schaller T, Goujon C, Malim MH. AIDS/HIV. HIV interplay with SAMHD1. Science. 335(6074), 1313–1314 (2012).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Agaisse H, Burrack LS, Philips JA, Rubin EJ, Perrimon N, Higgins DE. Genome-wide RNAi screen for host factors required for intracellular bacterial infection. Science. 309(5738), 1248–1251 (2005).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bennett MR, Hacker PMS. History of Cognitive Neuroscience. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Fitt AD, Norbury J, Ockendon H, Wilson E, editors. Progress in Industrial Mathematics at ECMI 2008. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Forlini C, Bratu A, Forlini M, Rossini P. Current Concepts and Management of Severely Traumatized Tissues in the Inner Coatings (The Anterior Segment: Anterior Chamber Structures, the Iris and the Lens) of the Globe: Mechanical Injuries. In: Current Concepts and Management of Eye Injuries. Sobacı G (Ed.), Springer, London, 41–64 (2016).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Interventional Cardiology.

Blog post
Andrew E. 25 of the Most Terrifying-Looking Sea Creatures [Internet]. IFLScience (2014). Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Education Funding: Allocation to State and Local Agencies for 10 Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ruettgers MM. A Content Analysis to Investigate the Evidence of 21st Century Knowledge and Skills within Elementary Teacher Education Programs in the United States. (2013).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
MONICA KELLY; Monica Kelly lives in Larchmont. Three Crows Cause a Neighbor to Take Flights of Fancy. New York Times, 12WC32 (1988).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,1].
This sentence cites four references [1,1,1,1].

About the journal

Full journal titleInterventional Cardiology
AbbreviationInterv. Cardiol. (Lond.)
ISSN (print)1755-5302
ISSN (online)1755-5310
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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