How to format your references using the Interventional Cardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Interventional Cardiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brunham RC. IMMUNOLOGY. A Chlamydia vaccine on the horizon. Science. 348(6241), 1322–1323 (2015).
A journal article with 2 authors
Panning M, Romanowicz B. Inferences on flow at the base of Earth’s mantle based on seismic anisotropy. Science. 303(5656), 351–353 (2004).
A journal article with 3 authors
Hiraga T, Anderson IM, Kohlstedt DL. Grain boundaries as reservoirs of incompatible elements in the Earth’s mantle. Nature. 427(6976), 699–703 (2004).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lambais MR, Crowley DE, Cury JC, Büll RC, Rodrigues RR. Bacterial diversity in tree canopies of the Atlantic forest. Science. 312(5782), 1917 (2006).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Takezawa K. Guidebook to R Graphics Using Microsoft® Windows. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Morschett D. Strategic International Management: Text and Cases. 2nd ed. Gabler, Wiesbaden.
A chapter in an edited book
Jacobs K, Spierings N. Interparty Relations: David versus Goliath. In: Social Media, Parties, and Political Inequalities. Spierings N (Ed.), Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY, 77–101 (2016).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Interventional Cardiology.

Blog post
Davis J. Why Are Some People Left-Handed? [Internet]. IFLScience (2015). Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Local Television Act: Status of Spending for Fiscal Year 2003. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Locicero LM. The Effects of Vertical Casting Position in Reinforced Concrete. (2014).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik J. Feeding Nostalgia With a Remix. New York Times, C1 (2016).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInterventional Cardiology
AbbreviationInterv. Cardiol. (Lond.)
ISSN (print)1755-5302
ISSN (online)1755-5310
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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