How to format your references using the Interventional Cardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Interventional Cardiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sheen J. Phosphorelay and transcription control in cytokinin signal transduction. Science. 296(5573), 1650–1652 (2002).
A journal article with 2 authors
Regev A, Shapiro E. Cells as computation. Nature. 419(6905), 343 (2002).
A journal article with 3 authors
Li B, Yu Z-H, Fei S-M. Geometry of quantum computation with qutrits. Sci. Rep. 3, 2594 (2013).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Faustman DL, Tran SD, Kodama S, et al. Comment on papers by Chong et al., Nishio et al., and Suri et al. on diabetes reversal in NOD mice. Science. 314(5803), 1243; author reply 1243 (2006).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morris A. A Practical Guide to Reliable Finite Element Modelling. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Rao RV. Mechanical Design Optimization Using Advanced Optimization Techniques. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Xiao Y, Ai P, Wang H, Hsu C-H, Cui W. Efficient Location-Dependent Skyline Queries in Wireless Broadcast Environments. In: Web Technologies and Applications: 17th Asia-Pacific Web Conference, APWeb 2015, Guangzhou, China, September 18-20, 2015, Proceedings. Cheng R, Cui B, Zhang Z, Cai R, Xu J (Eds.), Springer International Publishing, Cham, 41–54 (2015).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Interventional Cardiology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. We’re About To Get Our First Ever Image Of A Black Hole [Internet]. IFLScience (2017). Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Basic Educational Opportunity Grant Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sydow K. A life review and Memory Album program to enhance family communication in assisted living. (2010).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. Of Horns and Whines And the Humble Earplug. New York Times, B11 (2010).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInterventional Cardiology
AbbreviationInterv. Cardiol. (Lond.)
ISSN (print)1755-5302
ISSN (online)1755-5310
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Other styles