How to format your references using the IET Power Electronics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Power Electronics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Offerman, S.E.: ‘Materials science. Microstructures in 4D’Science, 2004, 305, (5681), pp. 190–191.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jenet, F.A., Ransom, S.M.: ‘The geometry of the double-pulsar system J0737-3039 from systematic intensity variations’Nature, 2004, 428, (6986), pp. 919–921.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sander, R., Crutzen, P.J., von Glasow, R.: ‘Comment on “Reactions at interfaces as a source of sulfate formation in sea-salt particles” (II)’Science, 2004, 303, (5658), pp. 628; author reply 628.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Shishika, D., Manoukis, N.C., Butail, S., Paley, D.A.: ‘Male motion coordination in anopheline mating swarms’Sci. Rep., 2014, 4, p. 6318.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dimond, B.: ‘Legal Aspects of Occupational Therapy’ (Wiley-Blackwell, 2010)
An edited book
Sen, S.: ‘Hyper-lattice Algebraic Model for Data Warehousing’ (Springer International Publishing, 2016, 1st ed. 2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Bellman, A., Foshay, W.R., Gremillion, D.: ‘A Developmental Model for Adaptive and Differentiated Instruction Using Classroom Networking Technology’, in Clark-Wilson, A., Robutti, O., Sinclair, N. (Eds.): ‘The Mathematics Teacher in the Digital Era: An International Perspective on Technology Focused Professional Development’ (Springer Netherlands, 2014), pp. 91–110

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Power Electronics.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: ‘Mystery In Northern Scotland That Is Baffling Multiple Sclerosis Experts’, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Resources, Community, and Economic Development Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1995)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Monforton, C.: ‘Evaluation of the impact of a mandatory safety training regulation on occupational injury and fatality rates among U.S. stone, sand and gravel miners’. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2008

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, J.: ‘COSMETIC LIB FOR MEN’New York Times, 1977, p. The New York Times Magazine234.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Power Electronics
ISSN (print)1755-4535
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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