How to format your references using the IET Power Electronics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Power Electronics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eakin, C.M.: ‘Oceans. Lamarck was partially right--and that is good for corals’Science, 2014, 344, (6186), pp. 798–799.
A journal article with 2 authors
Okamoto, S., Millis, A.J.: ‘Electronic reconstruction at an interface between a Mott insulator and a band insulator’Nature, 2004, 428, (6983), pp. 630–633.
A journal article with 3 authors
Joseph, A.C., Joseph, S.E., Chen, G.: ‘Cross-border portfolio investment networks and indicators for financial crises’Sci. Rep., 2014, 4, p. 3991.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hofmann, D.C., Suh, J.-Y., Wiest, A., et al.: ‘Designing metallic glass matrix composites with high toughness and tensile ductility’Nature, 2008, 451, (7182), pp. 1085–1089.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gallant, B.J.: ‘Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response Manual’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2006)
An edited book
Serrelli, E., Gontier, N. (Eds.): ‘Macroevolution: Explanation, Interpretation and Evidence’ (Springer International Publishing, 2015)
A chapter in an edited book
Vezenov, D.V., Noy, A., Lieber, C.M.: ‘Chemical Force Microscopy: Force Spectroscopy and Imaging of Complex Interactions in Molecular Assemblies’, in Noy, A. (Ed.): ‘Handbook of Molecular Force Spectroscopy’ (Springer US, 2008), pp. 123–141

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Power Electronics.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: ‘NASA Scientists Believe We Will Find Extraterrestrial Life Within The Next 20 Years’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘ADP Modernization: IRS’ Tax System Redesign Progress and Plans for the Future’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1988)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tripamer, A.J.: ‘Teacher Perceptions of Teacher Evaluations in the Fort Zumwalt School District’. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, 2013

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M.J.O.: ‘A Paris Changed by Turmoil, a Century Ago’New York Times, 2015, p. C30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Power Electronics
ISSN (print)1755-4535
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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