How to format your references using the IET Power Electronics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Power Electronics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schnabel, J.: ‘Amyloid: little proteins, big clues’Nature, 2011, 475, (7355), pp. S12-4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tomasello, M., Call, J.: ‘Methodological challenges in the study of primate cognition’Science, 2011, 334, (6060), pp. 1227–1228.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ramer, M.S., Priestley, J.V., McMahon, S.B.: ‘Functional regeneration of sensory axons into the adult spinal cord’Nature, 2000, 403, (6767), pp. 312–316.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Mollner, A.K., Valluvadasan, S., Feng, L., et al.: ‘Rate of gas phase association of hydroxyl radical and nitrogen dioxide’Science, 2010, 330, (6004), pp. 646–649.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Good, P.I., Hardin, J.W.: ‘Common Errors in Statistics (and How to Avoid Them)’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2006)
An edited book
Rau, P.L.P. (Ed.): ‘Cross-Cultural Design. Cultural Differences in Everyday Life: 5th International Conference, CCD 2013, Held as Part of HCI International 2013, Las Vegas, NV, USA, July 21-26, 2013, Proceedings, Part II’ (Springer, 2013)
A chapter in an edited book
Pickard, T.: ‘The Administrative Process: Credentialing, Privileges, and Maintenance of Certification’, in Taylor, D.A., Sherry, S.P., Sing, R.F. (Eds.): ‘Interventional Critical Care: A Manual for Advanced Care Practitioners’ (Springer International Publishing, 2016), pp. 25–30

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Power Electronics.

Blog post
Fang, J.: ‘Galactic Merger Spotted in a Protocluster 12.5 Billion Light-Years Away’, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Federal Research: Challenges to Implementing the Advanced Technology Program’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1998)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Selis, A.H.: ‘Holding the center: How one Jewish day school negotiates differences in a pluralistic community’. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2010

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M.: ‘Man in the News; A Master of the Image: David Richmond Gergen’New York Times, 1993, p. 122.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Power Electronics
ISSN (print)1755-4535
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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