How to format your references using the Synergy Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Synergy Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
O’Neill LA. Retrospective. Jürg Tschopp (1951-2011). Science 2011;332:679.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Thomas PC, Robinson MS. Seismic resurfacing by a single impact on the asteroid 433 Eros. Nature 2005;436:366–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Nesvorný D, Vokrouhlický D, Bottke WF. The breakup of a main-belt asteroid 450 thousand years ago. Science 2006;312:1490.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Matsuo T, Yamaguchi S, Mitsui S, Emi A, Shimoda F, Okamura H. Control mechanism of the circadian clock for timing of cell division in vivo. Science 2003;302:255–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Malina M. Delivering Sustainable Buildings. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Madani K, Dourado A, Rosa A, Filipe J, editors. Computational Intelligence: Revised and Selected Papers of the International Joint Conference, IJCCI 2011, Paris, France, October 24-26, 2011. vol. 465. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Martin J. Common Equipment in Interventional Radiology. In: Athreya S, editor. Demystifying Interventional Radiology: A Guide for Medical Students, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 15–20.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Synergy Research.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew D. Scientists Remove 12 Centimeter Plastic STRAW From Sea Turtle’s Nose. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/sea-turtle-12cm-plastic-straw-stuck-her-nose/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Meteorological Satellites. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Watson DJ. How the Lead Systems Integrator Experience Should Enhance Efforts to Rebuild the Defense Acquisition Workforce. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Mueller B. $25,000 Fine Proposed in Taxi’s Snub of Family. New York Times 2015:A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSynergy Research
ISSN (print)2213-7130
ScopeCell Biology
Molecular Biology
Medicine (miscellaneous)
Pharmacology (medical)

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