How to format your references using the Synergy Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Synergy Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Moran M. WHO plans for neglected diseases are wrong. Nature 2014;506:267.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Lo JA, Fisher DE. The melanoma revolution: from UV carcinogenesis to a new era in therapeutics. Science 2014;346:945–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Danchin E, Wajnberg E, Wagner RH. Avoiding pitfalls in estimating heritability with the common options approach. Sci Rep 2014;4:3974.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Bulteau A-L, O’Neill HA, Kennedy MC, Ikeda-Saito M, Isaya G, Szweda LI. Frataxin acts as an iron chaperone protein to modulate mitochondrial aconitase activity. Science 2004;305:242–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Shapiro IM. Energy Audits and Improvements for Commercial Buildings. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Vidojkovic V. Adaptive Multi-Standard RF Front-Ends. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Ditcheva B, Dicheva D. Visual Browsing and Editing of Topic Map-Based Learning Repositories. In: Maicher L, Sigel A, Garshol LM, editors. Leveraging the Semantics of Topic Maps: Second International Conference on Topic Maps Research and Applications, TMRA 2006, Leipzig, Germany, October 11-12, 2006, Revised Selected Papers, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007, p. 44–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Synergy Research.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Physicists Recreate Substance Similar To The Plasma Believed To Have Existed At The Very Beginning Of The Universe. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/physics/tiniest-liquid-also-hottest-ever-created-lab/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. ADP Equipment: Revised GSA Strategy for Microcomputer Purchases Can Improve Competition. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Valadez I. A psycho-education peer support group for homeless youth: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Vecsey G. We’re All Finally Learning The True Price Of Football. New York Times 2009:B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSynergy Research
ISSN (print)2213-7130
ScopeCell Biology
Molecular Biology
Medicine (miscellaneous)
Pharmacology (medical)

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