How to format your references using the Synergy Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Synergy Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Garber K. Genetics: Deep exploration. Nature 2012;492:S56-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Brennan PA, Zufall F. Pheromonal communication in vertebrates. Nature 2006;444:308–15.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Chen S-H, Chen W-R, Mallamace F. The glass-to-glass transition and its end point in a copolymer micellar system. Science 2003;300:619–22.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Grueninger D, Treiber N, Ziegler MOP, Koetter JWA, Schulze M-S, Schulz GE. Designed protein-protein association. Science 2008;319:206–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Singleton TW, Singleton AJ. Fraud Auditing and Forensic Accounting. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Strassner JC, Ghamri-Doudane YM, editors. Modelling Autonomic Communications Environments: Fourth IEEE International Workshop, MACE 2009, Venice, Italy, October 26-27, 2009. Proceedings. vol. 5844. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Albanna BH, Moawad IF, Moussa SM, Sakr MA. Semantic Trajectories: A Survey from Modeling to Application. In: Popovich V, Claramunt C, Schrenk M, Korolenko K, Gensel J, editors. Information Fusion and Geographic Information Systems (IF&GIS’ 2015): Deep Virtualization for Mobile GIS, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 59–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Synergy Research.

Blog post
[1]
Andrews R. Ghost Ship Washes Up On Liberian Coast With Crew Missing. IFLScience 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Critical Infrastructure Protection: Progress Coordinating Government and Private Sector Efforts Varies by Sectors’ Characteristics. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Graves IS. Positioning of Fifth Grade Students in Small-Group Settings: Naming Participation in Discussion-Based Mathematics. Doctoral dissertation. Indiana University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Wilwol J. They Deleted Their Kids. New York Times 2016:BR16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSynergy Research
ISSN (print)2213-7130
ScopeCell Biology
Molecular Biology
Medicine (miscellaneous)
Pharmacology (medical)

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