How to format your references using the Synergy Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Synergy Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Svejstrup JQ. Transcription. Histones face the FACT. Science 2003;301:1053–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Folkman J, Camphausen K. Cancer. What does radiotherapy do to endothelial cells? Science 2001;293:227–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Sowers T, Alley RB, Jubenville J. Ice core records of atmospheric N2O covering the last 106,000 years. Science 2003;301:945–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Yapici N, Kim Y-J, Ribeiro C, Dickson BJ. A receptor that mediates the post-mating switch in Drosophila reproductive behaviour. Nature 2008;451:33–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Ghez R. A Primer of Diffusion Problems. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
[1]
Messina G, Santangelo S, editors. Carbon: The Future Material for Advanced Technology Applications. vol. 100. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Peña T, Castrodeza C, Lara P. Environmental Criteria in Pig Diet Formulation with Multi-Objective Fractional Programming. In: Weintraub A, Romero C, Bjørndal T, Epstein R, Miranda J, editors. Handbook Of Operations Research In Natural Resources, Boston, MA: Springer US; 2007, p. 53–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Synergy Research.

Blog post
[1]
Hamilton K. Marijuana Extract Reduces Seizures In Kids With Severe Epilepsy. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/marijuana-extract-reduces-seizures-in-kids-with-severe-epilepsy/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Reports Issued in October 1988. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Huang Y-F. The Effects of Two Methods on Training EFL University Students in Taiwan to Identify Three Non-Native Phonemic Contrasts. Doctoral dissertation. Ohio State University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Greenhouse L. Gun-Control Case Causes Bush Administration Rift. New York Times 2008:A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSynergy Research
ISSN (print)2213-7130
ScopeCell Biology
Molecular Biology
Medicine (miscellaneous)
Pharmacology (medical)

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