How to format your references using the Synergy Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Synergy Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Vinogradov AE. Testing genome complexity. Science 2004;304:389–90; author reply 389-90.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Campbell CT, Peden CHF. Chemistry. Oxygen vacancies and catalysis on ceria surfaces. Science 2005;309:713–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Reese C, Heise F, Mayer A. Trans-SNARE pairing can precede a hemifusion intermediate in intracellular membrane fusion. Nature 2005;436:410–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Chen Y, Li Y-L, Zhou G-T, Li H, Lin Y-T, Xiao X, et al. Biomineralization mediated by anaerobic methane-consuming cell consortia. Sci Rep 2014;4:5696.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Smith IM, Griffiths DV, Margetts L. Programming the Finite Element Method. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
[1]
Deng RH, Feng T, editors. Information Security Practice and Experience: 9th International Conference, ISPEC 2013, Lanzhou, China, May 12-14, 2013. Proceedings. vol. 7863. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Klemas VV. Remote Sensing of Submerged Aquatic Vegetation. In: Finkl CW, Makowski C, editors. Seafloor Mapping along Continental Shelves: Research and Techniques for Visualizing Benthic Environments, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 125–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Synergy Research.

Blog post
[1]
Fang J. Highest Altitude Ice Age Settlement Found in the Peruvian Andes. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/highest-altitude-ice-age-settlement-found-peruvian-andes/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Land Management Systems: BLM Faces Risks in Completing the Automated Land and Mineral Record System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Skiold-Hanlin S. Functional and Ecological Aspects of the Mucus Trails of the Freshwater Gastropod Elimia potosiensis. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Crow K. Peace Breaks Out in Conflict Over Nobel Statue. New York Times 2001:146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSynergy Research
ISSN (print)2213-7130
ScopeCell Biology
Molecular Biology
Medicine (miscellaneous)
Pharmacology (medical)

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