How to format your references using the Synergy Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Synergy Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Soderblom D. Astrophysics: Stellar clocks. Nature 2015;517:557–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Jones MK, Liu X. Archaeology. Origins of agriculture in East Asia. Science 2009;324:730–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Collins FS, Gray GM, Bucher JR. Toxicology. Transforming environmental health protection. Science 2008;319:906–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Lisse CM, Christian DJ, Dennerl K, Meech KJ, Petre R, Weaver HA, et al. Charge exchange-induced X-ray emission from comet C/1999 S4 (LINEAR). Science 2001;292:1343–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Gaffney S, Francis C. Honesty Sells. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
[1]
Lloyd RV, editor. Endocrine Pathology: Differential Diagnosis and Molecular Advances. Second. New York, NY: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Baracca A, Franconi R. Reaching a Critical Mass and Laying the Foundations of an Advanced Scientific System. In: Franconi R, editor. Subalternity vs. Hegemony, Cuba’s Outstanding Achievements in Science and Biotechnology, 1959-2014, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 39–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Synergy Research.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Sound Waves Could Power Hard Disk Drives Of The Future. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/sound-waves-could-power-hard-disk-drives-future/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Highway Public-Private Partnerships: Securing Potential Benefits and Protecting the Public Interest Could Result from More Rigorous Up-front Analysis. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Lundahl Philpot E. Social media adoption and use among information technology professionals and implications for leadership. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Rosenberg M, Markoff J. At Heart of U.S. Strategy, Weapons That Can Think. New York Times 2016:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSynergy Research
ISSN (print)2213-7130
ScopeCell Biology
Molecular Biology
Medicine (miscellaneous)
Pharmacology (medical)

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