How to format your references using the American Journal of Neuroradiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Neuroradiology (AJNR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brenner S. Turing centenary: Life’s code script. Nature 2012;482:461.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dodds DR, Gross RA. Chemistry. Chemicals from biomass. Science 2007;318:1250–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mazmanian SK, Round JL, Kasper DL. A microbial symbiosis factor prevents intestinal inflammatory disease. Nature 2008;453:620–5.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pfleiderer C, Böni P, Keller T, et al. Non-Fermi liquid metal without quantum criticality. Science 2007;316:1871–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fanchi JR. Math Refresher for Scientists and Engineers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
Meissner D, Gokhberg L, Sokolov A, eds. Science, Technology and Innovation Policy for the Future: Potentials and Limits of Foresight Studies. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Kitromilides Y. Arab Countries in Transition in the Aftermath of the Great Recession: The Policy Options. In: Arestis P, Sawyer M, eds. Emerging Economies During and After the Great Recession. IMF Working Paper, 13/1. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016:116–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Neuroradiology.

Blog post
Andrew E. How Poo-Sniffing Detective Dogs Can Save Elusive, Rare Gorillas. IFLScience 2015 Apr 23. [Epub ahead of print].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Administration of the Emergency School Aid Act by OE. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1975.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
DeSpain L. The relationship between police supervisor training and job satisfaction levels as reported by patrol officers. 2008. [Epub ahead of print].

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Walsh MW. Major Changes in Rhode Island Pension Overhaul. New York Times. September 26, 2015:B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Neuroradiology
AbbreviationAJNR Am. J. Neuroradiol.
ISSN (print)0195-6108
ISSN (online)1936-959X
ScopeClinical Neurology
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles