How to format your references using the American Journal of Neuroradiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Neuroradiology (AJNR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Petherick A. Science masterclass. Nature 2015;526:S49.
A journal article with 2 authors
Della Valle M, Gilmozzi R. Rebirth of novae as distance indicators due to efficient, large telescopes. Science 2002;296:1275.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lu Y, Wang W, Kirschner MW. Specificity of the anaphase-promoting complex: a single-molecule study. Science 2015;348:1248737.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Beyaz S, Mana MD, Roper J, et al. Author Correction: High-fat diet enhances stemness and tumorigenicity of intestinal progenitors. Nature 2018;560:E26.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stamp M. Information Security. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Jakus G. Concepts, Ontologies, and Knowledge Representation. (Milutinović V, Omerović S, Tomažič S, eds.). New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Cioranescu D, Girault V, Rajagopal KR. Classical Non-Newtonian Fluids. In: Girault V, Rajagopal KR, eds. Mechanics and Mathematics of Fluids of the Differential Type. Advances in Mechanics and Mathematics. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016:115–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Neuroradiology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Divers Stumble Upon Bizarre, Car-Sized Ball Of Jelly. IFLScience 2015 Jul 29. [Epub ahead of print].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Greater Emphasis on Information Resource Management Is Needed at the Federal Aviation Administration. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Turkel CC. Female leaders’ 360-degree self -perception accuracy for leadership competencies and skills. 2008. [Epub ahead of print].

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. In Puerto Rico, Talks Resume Between Utility and Creditors. New York Times. January 29, 2016:B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Neuroradiology
AbbreviationAJNR Am. J. Neuroradiol.
ISSN (print)0195-6108
ISSN (online)1936-959X
ScopeClinical Neurology
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles