How to format your references using the American Journal of Neuroradiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Neuroradiology (AJNR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
de Gennes PG. Ultradivided matter. Nature 2001;412:385.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Toader O, John S. Proposed square spiral microfabrication architecture for large three-dimensional photonic band gap crystals. Science 2001;292:1133–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Briggman KL, Abarbanel HDI, Kristan WB Jr. Optical imaging of neuronal populations during decision-making. Science 2005;307:896–901.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Kuhlemann J, Rohling EJ, Krumrei I, et al. Regional synthesis of Mediterranean atmospheric circulation during the Last Glacial Maximum. Science 2008;321:1338–40.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Casadella V, Liu Z, Uzunidis D. Innovation Capabilities and Economic Development in Open Economies. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
1.
Cheng L, ed. Frontiers and Progress in Multiphase Flow I. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Diemert B, Abel M-H, Moulin C. Ontology Representations for Information Exchange between Communities. In: Sicilia M-A, Kop C, Sartori F, eds. Ontology, Conceptualization and Epistemology for Information Systems, Software Engineering and Service Science: 4th International Workshop, ONTOSE 2010, held at CAiSE 2010, Hammamet, Tunisia, June 7-8, 2010, Revised Selected Papers. Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010:47–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Neuroradiology.

Blog post
1.
Davis J. Farming Causes More Air Pollution Than All Other Human Sources Combined. IFLScience 2016 May 20. [Epub ahead of print].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Contract Management: Few Competing Proposals for Large DOD Information Technology Orders. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Ford VF. An Exploratory Investigation of the Relationship between Turnover Intentions, Work Exhaustion and Disengagement among IT Professionals in a Single Institution of Higher Education in a Major Metropolitan Area. 2012. [Epub ahead of print].

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vecsey G. A Love Story Affirmed Life In Time of War. New York Times. October 23, 2011:SP6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Neuroradiology
AbbreviationAJNR Am. J. Neuroradiol.
ISSN (print)0195-6108
ISSN (online)1936-959X
ScopeClinical Neurology
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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