How to format your references using the American Journal of Neuroradiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Neuroradiology (AJNR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Switzer JA. Chemistry. Atomic layer electrodeposition. Science 2012;338:1300–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Weygand-Durasevic I, Ibba M. Cell biology. New roles for codon usage. Science 2010;329:1473–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yao L, Xi L, Jiang H. Photoacoustic computed microscopy. Sci Rep 2014;4:4960.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Steinmetz EJ, Conrad NK, Brow DA, et al. RNA-binding protein Nrd1 directs poly(A)-independent 3’-end formation of RNA polymerase II transcripts. Nature 2001;413:327–31.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
DiBattista M. Novel Characters. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
Reinhartz-Berger I, Sturm A, Clark T, et al., eds. Domain Engineering: Product Lines, Languages, and Conceptual Models. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Tagariello G, Radossi P. Orthopedic Surgery in HIV-Positive Hemophiliac Patients. In: Caviglia HA, Solimeno LP, eds. Orthopedic Surgery in Patients with Hemophilia. Milano: Springer; 2008:23–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Neuroradiology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Earth-Like Planets Could be Present in Every Planetary System. IFLScience 2015 Jul 10. [Epub ahead of print].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Centralized Direction Needed for Calibration Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jalali Farahani B. Adaptive Digital Calibration Techniques for High Speed, High Resolution Sigma Delta ADCs for Broadband Wireless Applications. 2005. [Epub ahead of print].

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. A Sport Fails in the Most Important Category: Integrity. New York Times. September 3, 2011:D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Neuroradiology
AbbreviationAJNR Am. J. Neuroradiol.
ISSN (print)0195-6108
ISSN (online)1936-959X
ScopeClinical Neurology
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles