How to format your references using the International Journal of Engineering Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Engineering Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Johnson, E. (2002). Phase of matter. The elusive liquid-solid interface. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5567), 477–478.
A journal article with 2 authors
Silk, J., & Chluba, J. (2014). Astronomy. Next steps for cosmology. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6184), 586–588.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nahm, H.-H., Park, C. H., & Kim, Y.-S. (2014). Bistability of hydrogen in ZnO: origin of doping limit and persistent photoconductivity. Scientific Reports, 4, 4124.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Goll, M. G., Kirpekar, F., Maggert, K. A., Yoder, J. A., Hsieh, C.-L., Zhang, X., Golic, K. G., Jacobsen, S. E., & Bestor, T. H. (2006). Methylation of tRNAAsp by the DNA methyltransferase homolog Dnmt2. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5759), 395–398.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Clayton, L. A. (2010). Bartolomé de las Casas and the Conquest of the Americas. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Goodall, J. R., Conti, G., & Ma, K.-L. (Eds.). (2008). VizSEC 2007: Proceedings of the Workshop on Visualization for Computer Security. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Chandrappa, R., & Das, D. B. (2012). Materials Recovery and Recycling. In D. B. Das (Ed.), Solid Waste Management: Principles and Practice (pp. 81–115). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Engineering Science.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, February 10). Female Sperm Whales Have Best Friends Too. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Airline Scheduling: Airline Practices in Establishing and Maintaining Connecting Times (RCED-88-207). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Skiold-Hanlin, S. (2015). Functional and Ecological Aspects of the Mucus Trails of the Freshwater Gastropod Elimia potosiensis [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2001, November 11). A Y.M.C.A. Changes Its Tune by Offering Office Space. New York Times, 1412.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Johnson, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Johnson, 2002; Silk & Chluba, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Silk & Chluba, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Nahm et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Goll et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Engineering Science
AbbreviationInt. J. Eng. Sci.
ISSN (print)0020-7225
ScopeGeneral Engineering

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