How to format your references using the International Journal of Engineering Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Engineering Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hanson, B. (2008). Mercury, up-close again. Introduction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5885), 58.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kepecs, A., & Fishell, G. (2014). Interneuron cell types are fit to function. Nature, 505(7483), 318–326.
A journal article with 3 authors
Junge, W., Sielaff, H., & Engelbrecht, S. (2009). Torque generation and elastic power transmission in the rotary F(O)F(1)-ATPase. Nature, 459(7245), 364–370.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ishikawa, T., Yamaoka, H., Harada, Y., Fujii, T., & Nagasawa, T. (2002). A general process for in situ formation of functional surface layers on ceramics. Nature, 416(6876), 64–67.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Péra, M.-C., Hissel, D., Gualous, H., & Turpin, C. (2013). Electrochemical Components. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Close, J.-P. (Ed.). (2016). AiREAS: Sustainocracy for a Healthy City: Phase 3: Civilian Participation – Including the Global Health Deal Proposition. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Morris, G. P., & Mohanakumar, T. (2011). Clinical Evaluation of Alloantibodies in Solid Organ Transplantation. In H. Liapis & H. L. Wang (Eds.), Pathology of Solid Organ Transplantation (pp. 45–56). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Engineering Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 5). Vanity And Predatory Academic Publishers Are Corrupting The Pursuit Of Knowledge. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Laboratory Accreditation: Requirements Vary Throughout the Federal Government (RCED-89-102). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Krug, K. A. (2009). Critical literacy in the face of a mandated curriculum: Can children read beyond the text? [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gabler, E., & Dougherty, C. (2017, October 4). Woman ‘Madly in Love’ With the Gunman Says She Was Unaware of His Plans. New York Times, A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hanson, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Hanson, 2008; Kepecs & Fishell, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kepecs & Fishell, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Junge et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ishikawa et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Engineering Science
AbbreviationInt. J. Eng. Sci.
ISSN (print)0020-7225
ScopeGeneral Engineering

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