How to format your references using the Biochemical Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biochemical Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hamburg, M. A. (2012) Science and regulation. FDA’s approach to regulation of products of nanotechnology. Science 336, 299–300
A journal article with 2 authors
Noriega, C. and Araujo, M. (2014) Carbon dioxide emissions from estuaries of northern and northeastern Brazil. Sci. Rep. 4, 6164
A journal article with 3 authors
Neal, C. R., Haggerty, S. E. and Sautter, V. (2001) “Majorite” and “silicate perovskite” mineral compositions in xenoliths from Malaita. Science 292, 1015
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Gavrilova, O., Marcus-Samuels, B., Leon, L. R., Vinson, C. and Reitman, M. L. (2000) Leptin and diabetes in lipoatrophic mice. Nature 403, 850; discussion 850-1

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Plumb, J. A. and Hanson, L. A. (2010) Health Maintenance and Principal Microbial Diseases of Cultured Fishes, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Ross, A. A. (2006) Handbook of Multibiometrics (Jain, A. K., and Nandakumar, K., eds.), Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Puzio, L. and Peters, J. F. (2013) Nearness of Subtly Different Digital Images. In Transactions on Rough Sets XVI (Peters, J. F., Skowron, A., Ramanna, S., Suraj, Z., and Wang, X., eds.), pp 73–82, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biochemical Journal.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, December 20) There’s A Massive Metal Dragon Hiding Inside Earth’s Outer Core. IFLScience, IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991) Automobile Weight and Safety, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chitakasempornkul, K. (2012) Ordinal time series analysis for Air Quality Index (AQI) in San Bernardino County, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Novick, S. M. (2013, December 29) As Cheese or Chocolate, Comfort Comes Melted. New York Times

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiochemical Journal
AbbreviationBiochem. J.
ISSN (print)0264-6021
ISSN (online)1470-8728
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology

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