How to format your references using the Biochemical Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biochemical Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stirling, A. (2010) Keep it complex. Nature 468, 1029–1031.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rouyer, F. and Chatterjee, A. (2015) Circadian clocks: A receptor for subtle temperature changes. Nature 527, 449–451.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, A., Dennis, C. and Campbell, P. (2007) Nature’s guide for mentors. Nature 447, 791–797.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Matsubayashi, K., Maki, M., Tsuzuki, T., Nishioka, T. and Sato, N. K. (2002) Magnetic properties: parasitic ferromagnetism in a hexaboride? Nature 420, 143–4; discussion 144.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Evtukh, A., Hartnagel, H., Yilmazoglu, O., Mimura, H. and Pavlidis, D. (2015) Vacuum Nanoelectronic Devices, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Kostrzewa, R. M. (Ed.). (2014) Handbook of Neurotoxicity, Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Mercier, F., Schnack, J. and Chaumet, M. S. G. (2011) Fractones: Home and Conductors of the Neural Stem Cell Niche. In Neurogenesis in the Adult Brain I: Neurobiology (Seki, T., Sawamoto, K., Parent, J. M., and Alvarez-Buylla, A., eds.), pp 109–133, Springer Japan, Tokyo.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biochemical Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 29) The Enraging Reason That Your Dog Can Get Vaccinated Against Lyme Disease, But You Can’t. IFLScience, IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991) Within-School Discrimination: Inadequate Title VI Enforcement by Education’s Office for Civil Rights, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim, H. (2017) Empathy in the Early Childhood Classroom: Exploring Teachers’ Perceptions, Understanding and Practices, Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1992, June 4) THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: In His Own Words; On TV, a Very Public Education for Ross Perot. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiochemical Journal
AbbreviationBiochem. J.
ISSN (print)0264-6021
ISSN (online)1470-8728
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology

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