How to format your references using the Biochemical Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biochemical Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bayry, J. (2008) Journal club. An immunologist applauds a protein that prunes intolerant white blood cells. Nature 456, 285.
A journal article with 2 authors
Emerson, B. C. and Kolm, N. (2005) Species diversity can drive speciation. Nature 434, 1015–1017.
A journal article with 3 authors
Browne, J., Tunnacliffe, A. and Burnell, A. (2002) Anhydrobiosis: plant desiccation gene found in a nematode. Nature 416, 38.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Guo, A., Wang, Y., Chen, B., Wang, Y., Yuan, J., Zhang, L., Hall, D., Wu, J., Shi, Y., Zhu, Q., et al. (2018) E-C coupling structural protein junctophilin-2 encodes a stress-adaptive transcription regulator. Science.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tagliamonte, S. A. (2015) Making Waves, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Maglaveras, N., Chouvarda, I., Koutkias, V. and Brause, R. (Eds.). (2006) Biological and Medical Data Analysis: 7th International Symposium, ISBMDA 2006, Thessaloniki, Greece, December 7-8, 2006. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Shimizu, N., Tatematsu, M. and Kaminishi, M. (2005) Helicobacter pylori and Gastric Carcinoma. In The Diversity of Gastric Carcinoma: Pathogenesis, Diagnosis, and Therapy (Kaminishi, M., Takubo, K., and Mafune, K.-I., eds.), pp 75–86, Springer, Tokyo.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biochemical Journal.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016, July 27) New Clones Of Dolly The Sheep Age No Differently Than Normal. IFLScience, IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977) Improved Management of Computer Resources Needed To Enhance Marine Corps’ Efficiency and Effectiveness, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jekanowski, E. C. (2017) District Leadership and Systemic Inclusion: A Case Study of One Inclusive and Effective School District, Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D. (1996, March 3) Books in Brief: FICTION. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiochemical Journal
AbbreviationBiochem. J.
ISSN (print)0264-6021
ISSN (online)1470-8728
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology

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