How to format your references using the Biochemical Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biochemical Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wirth, B. D. (2007) Materials science. How does radiation damage materials? Science 318, 923–924.
A journal article with 2 authors
French, S. W. and Romanowicz, B. (2015) Broad plumes rooted at the base of the Earth’s mantle beneath major hotspots. Nature 525, 95–99.
A journal article with 3 authors
Javaux, E. J., Marshall, C. P. and Bekker, A. (2010) Organic-walled microfossils in 3.2-billion-year-old shallow-marine siliciclastic deposits. Nature 463, 934–938.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Bzhalava, D., Mühr, L. S. A., Lagheden, C., Ekström, J., Forslund, O., Dillner, J. and Hultin, E. (2014) Deep sequencing extends the diversity of human papillomaviruses in human skin. Sci. Rep. 4, 5807.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Burrows, G. E. and Tyrl, R. J. (2012) Toxic Plants of North America, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Kristbergsson, K. and Oliveira, J. (Eds.). (2016) Traditional Foods: General and Consumer Aspects 1st ed. 2016., Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Mielke, A. (2015) Variational Approaches and Methods for Dissipative Material Models with Multiple Scales. In Analysis and Computation of Microstructure in Finite Plasticity (Conti, S., and Hackl, K., eds.), pp 125–155, Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biochemical Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, October 10) Chemistry Nobel DNA Research Lays Foundation For New Ways To Fight Cancer. IFLScience, IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991) Smart Highways: An Assessment of Their Potential to Improve Travel, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Toosi, F. (2017) Decision Analysis Techniques for Adult Learners: Application to Leadership, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M. and Walsh, M. W. (2012, April 1) Distressed Cities Weigh Bold Tactics In a New Fiscal Era. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiochemical Journal
AbbreviationBiochem. J.
ISSN (print)0264-6021
ISSN (online)1470-8728
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology

Other styles