How to format your references using the Biochemical Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biochemical Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brassard, G. (2011) Quantum information: the conundrum of secure positioning. Nature 479, 307–308.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chong, C. R. and Sullivan, D. J., Jr. (2007) New uses for old drugs. Nature 448, 645–646.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim, C., Facchetti, A. and Marks, T. J. (2007) Polymer gate dielectric surface viscoelasticity modulates pentacene transistor performance. Science 318, 76–80.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lenggenhager, B., Tadi, T., Metzinger, T. and Blanke, O. (2007) Video ergo sum: manipulating bodily self-consciousness. Science 317, 1096–1099.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Silvia, J. E. (2011) Dynamic Economic Decision Making, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Klartag, B., Mendelson, S. and Milman, V. D. (Eds.). (2012) Geometric Aspects of Functional Analysis: Israel Seminar 2006–2010, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Platzer, A. (2011) Logic and Compositional Verification of Hybrid Systems. In Computer Aided Verification: 23rd International Conference, CAV 2011, Snowbird, UT, USA, July 14-20, 2011. Proceedings (Gopalakrishnan, G., and Qadeer, S., eds.), pp 28–43, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biochemical Journal.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, April 23) Surgeon Finds Twin In Woman’s Brain. IFLScience, IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992) Shuttle Rocket Motor Program: NASA Should Delay Awarding Some Construction Contracts, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kasun, K. K. (2010) Economic effectiveness of physician organizational models in a California integrated healthcare system, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon, M. R. and Erdbrink, T. (2017, June 18) U.S. Shoots Down Syrian Warplane; Iran Launches Missiles Into Syria. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiochemical Journal
AbbreviationBiochem. J.
ISSN (print)0264-6021
ISSN (online)1470-8728
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology

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