How to format your references using the IET Biometrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Biometrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Horton, B.: ‘Universities encourage industrialists to come back to their roots’Nature, 2000, 404, (6779), pp. 793–794.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pedraza, J.M., Paulsson, J.: ‘Effects of molecular memory and bursting on fluctuations in gene expression’Science, 2008, 319, (5861), pp. 339–343.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shoemaker, C.J., Eyler, D.E., Green, R.: ‘Dom34:Hbs1 promotes subunit dissociation and peptidyl-tRNA drop-off to initiate no-go decay’Science, 2010, 330, (6002), pp. 369–372.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Saveliev, A., Everett, C., Sharpe, T., Webster, Z., Festenstein, R.: ‘DNA triplet repeats mediate heterochromatin-protein-1-sensitive variegated gene silencing’Nature, 2003, 422, (6934), pp. 909–913.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jazar, R.N.: ‘Advanced Dynamics’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011)
An edited book
Rattan, S.I.S., Hayflick, L. (Eds.): ‘Cellular Ageing and Replicative Senescence’ (Springer International Publishing, 2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Otnes, R., Asterjadhi, A., Casari, P., et al.: ‘Logical Link Layer Topics’, in Asterjadhi, A., Casari, P., Goetz, M., et al. (Eds.): ‘Underwater Acoustic Networking Techniques’ (Springer, 2012), pp. 49–61

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Biometrics.

Blog post
Andrews, R.: ‘This Ghostly Exoplanet Is A Volcanic Hell In Deep Space’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Air Traffic Control: Impact of Revised Personnel Relocation Policies Is Uncertain’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 2002)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilkins, D.: ‘The Value of the Semantic Differential to the Art Educator’. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2015

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Liogier, R.: ‘France’s neither-nor election’New York Times, 2017, p. 0.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Biometrics
AbbreviationIET Biom.
ISSN (print)2047-4938
ScopeComputer Vision and Pattern Recognition
Signal Processing

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