How to format your references using the IET Biometrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Biometrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Victor, D.: ‘Plan B for Copenhagen’Nature, 2009, 461, (7262), pp. 342–344.
A journal article with 2 authors
Swaddle, J.P., Biewener, A.A.: ‘Exercise and reduced muscle mass in starlings’Nature, 2000, 406, (6796), pp. 585–586.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lam, F.H., Steger, D.J., O’Shea, E.K.: ‘Chromatin decouples promoter threshold from dynamic range’Nature, 2008, 453, (7192), pp. 246–250.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Fernandez, C.A., Martin, P.C., Schaef, T., et al.: ‘An electrically switchable metal-organic framework’Sci. Rep., 2014, 4, p. 6114.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Waller, F.J.: ‘Writing Chemistry Patents and Intellectual Property’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011)
An edited book
Zhong, N., Ma, J., Liu, J., Huang, R., Tao, X. (Eds.): ‘Wisdom Web of Things’ (Springer International Publishing, 2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Rohunen, A., Eteläperä, M., Liukkunen, K., Chan, K.W., Tulppo, T.: ‘Validating Applicability of Smart-M3 Platform for a Multi-vendor Micropayment System in the Context of Small Business’, in Benlamri, R. (Ed.): ‘Networked Digital Technologies: 4th International Conference, NDT 2012, Dubai, UAE, April 24-26, 2012, Proceedings, Part II’ (Springer, 2012), pp. 46–53

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Biometrics.

Blog post
Fang, J.: ‘Bees Prefer Nectar Laced with Pesticides’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Federal Student Loans: Oversight of Defaulted Loan Rehabilitation Needs Strengthening’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 2014)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Friedlander, M.B.: ‘Limited Sight Distance’. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2014

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M.: ‘THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Democrats; Clinton Uses Farm Speech to Begin New Offensive’New York Times, 1992, p. A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Biometrics
AbbreviationIET Biom.
ISSN (print)2047-4938
ScopeComputer Vision and Pattern Recognition
Signal Processing

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