How to format your references using the IERI Procedia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IERI Procedia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
R.S. Steneck, Ecology. Staying connected in a turbulent world, Science. 311 (2006) 480–481.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
M.G. Salter, R. Fern, NMDA receptors are expressed in developing oligodendrocyte processes and mediate injury, Nature. 438 (2005) 1167–1171.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
I.M. Samokhvalov, N.I. Samokhvalova, S.-I. Nishikawa, Cell tracing shows the contribution of the yolk sac to adult haematopoiesis, Nature. 446 (2007) 1056–1061.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
C.T. Lee, Q. Yin, R.L. Rudnick, S.B. Jacobsen, Preservation of ancient and fertile lithospheric mantle beneath the southwestern United States, Nature. 411 (2001) 69–73.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
A. Ahlemeyer-Stubbe, S. Coleman, A Practical Guide to Data Mining for Business and Industry, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2014.
An edited book
[1]
H. Ieda, ed., Sustainable Urban Transport in an Asian Context, Springer Japan, Tokyo, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
R. Kozera, L. Noakes, P. Szmielew, Length Estimation for Exponential Parameterization and ε-Uniform Samplings, in: F. Huang, A. Sugimoto (Eds.), Image and Video Technology – PSIVT 2013 Workshops: GCCV 2013, GPID 2013, PAESNPR 2013, and QACIVA 2013, Guanajuato, Mexico, October 28-29, 2013, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014: pp. 33–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IERI Procedia.

Blog post
[1]
E. Andrew, Can’t We Just Remove Carbon Dioxide From The Air To Fix Climate Change? Not Yet, IFLScience. (2015). https://www.iflscience.com/environment/can-t-we-just-remove-carbon-dioxide-air-fix-climate-change-not-yet/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office, Maritime Administration: Proceeds from the Sale of Obsolete Vessels Were Accounted for, Allocated, and Disbursed Consistent with Applicable Law, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2017.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
B.A. Ryan, Computer-Based Versus Paper-Pencil Modes of Administration United States Government End of Course Exams: Student Cumulative Grade Point Averages as Predictors of Success, Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
J. Koblin, President’s First Days Keep Networks’ Ratings Strong, New York Times. (2017) B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIERI Procedia
AbbreviationIERI Procedia
ISSN (print)2212-6678
Scope

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