How to format your references using the Wader Study citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Wader Study. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Velasquez-Manoff, M. 2015. Genetics: Relative risk. Nature 527: S116-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Segers, V.F.M. & R.T. Lee. 2008. Stem-cell therapy for cardiac disease. Nature 451: 937–942.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schneider, D.M., A. Nelson & R. Mooney. 2014. A synaptic and circuit basis for corollary discharge in the auditory cortex. Nature 513: 189–194.
A journal article with 20 or more authors
Mondello, S., A. Buki, P. Barzo, J. Randall, G. Provuncher, D. Hanlon, D. Wilson, F. Kobeissy & A. Jeromin. 2014. CSF and plasma amyloid-β temporal profiles and relationships with neurological status and mortality after severe traumatic brain injury. Scientific reports 4: 6446.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Simmendinger, H. 2013. HOAI 2013: Praxisleitfaden für Ingenieure und Architekten. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, D-69451 Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Membrey, P. 2015. Learn Raspberry Pi 2 with Linux and Windows 10. Second Edition. Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Kozera, R., L. Noakes & P. Szmielew. 2014. Length Estimation for Exponential Parameterization and ε-Uniform Samplings. Pages 33–46 in: Image and Video Technology – PSIVT 2013 Workshops: GCCV 2013, GPID 2013, PAESNPR 2013, and QACIVA 2013, Guanajuato, Mexico, October 28-29, 2013, Revised Selected Papers (F. Huang & A. Sugimoto, Eds.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Wader Study.

Blog post
Andrews, R. 2016. China Will Launch The World’s First Quantum Satellite This July. IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018 at:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2001. Intercity Passenger Rail: Assessing the Benefits of Increased Federal Funding for Amtrak and High-Speed Passenger Rail Systems. No. GAO-01-480T. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wolfenden, A. 2012. Factors predicting oncology care providers’ behavioral intention to adopt clinical decision support systems. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S.K. 2002. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Novelist Faces Pornography Charge. New York Times: A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Velasquez-Manoff 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Segers & Lee 2008, Velasquez-Manoff 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Segers & Lee 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Mondello et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleWader Study
ISSN (print)2058-8410

Other styles