How to format your references using the Wader Study citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Wader Study. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ohman, A. 2005. Psychology. Conditioned fear of a face: a prelude to ethnic enmity? Science (New York, N.Y.) 309: 711–713.
A journal article with 2 authors
Seitz, A.R. & T. Watanabe. 2003. Psychophysics: Is subliminal learning really passive? Nature 422: 36.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pakull, M.W., R. Soria & C. Motch. 2010. A 300-parsec-long jet-inflated bubble around a powerful microquasar in the galaxy NGC 7793. Nature 466: 209–212.
A journal article with 20 or more authors
Murtra, P., A.M. Sheasby, S.P. Hunt & C. De Felipe. 2000. Rewarding effects of opiates are absent in mice lacking the receptor for substance P. Nature 405: 180–183.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Minuth, W.W., R. Strehl & K. Schumacher. 2005. Tissue Engineering. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Hommel, G. & S. Huanye, Eds. 2006. Human Interaction with Machines: Proceedings of the 6th International Workshop held at the Shanghai Jiao Tong University, March 15–16, 2005. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Mourek, J. & L. Miko. 2010. Ontogeny of the famulus in selected members of Damaeidae (Acari: Oribatida) and its suitability as a phylogenetic marker. Pages 31–36 in: Trends in Acarology: Proceedings of the 12th International Congress (M. W. Sabelis & J. Bruin, Eds.). Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Wader Study.

Blog post
Taub, B. 2016. Enough Is Enough - It’s Time For An Evidence-Based Approach To Drug Policy. IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018 at:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. IRS Systems Security and Funding: Additional Information on Employee Browsing and Tax Systems Modernization. No. AIMD/GGD-97-140R. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fisher, M.D. 2014. The impact adult supervision, role models, and civic engagement has on the health status of adolescents. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. 2017. Keeping the Dream Kickin’. New York Times: C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ohman 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Seitz & Watanabe 2003, Ohman 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Seitz & Watanabe 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Murtra et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleWader Study
ISSN (print)2058-8410

Other styles