How to format your references using the Wader Study citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Wader Study. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Behrensmeyer, A.K. 2006. Atmosphere. Climate change and human evolution. Science (New York, N.Y.) 311: 476–478.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pearce, T.M. & D.W. Moran. 2012. Strategy-dependent encoding of planned arm movements in the dorsal premotor cortex. Science (New York, N.Y.) 337: 984–988.
A journal article with 3 authors
Clayton, J.D., C.P. Kyriacou & S.M. Reppert. 2001. Keeping time with the human genome. Nature 409: 829–831.
A journal article with 20 or more authors
Günther, C., E. Martini, N. Wittkopf, K. Amann, B. Weigmann, H. Neumann, M.J. Waldner, S.M. Hedrick, S. Tenzer, M.F. Neurath & C. Becker. 2011. Caspase-8 regulates TNF-α-induced epithelial necroptosis and terminal ileitis. Nature 477: 335–339.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Das, S.K. 2010. Mobile Handset Design. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Mathew, J., L. Ma, A. Tan, M. Weijnen & J. Lee, Eds. 2012. Engineering Asset Management and Infrastructure Sustainability: Proceedings of the 5th World Congress on Engineering Asset Management (WCEAM 2010). Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Hutchinson, T.A. & J.R. Brawer. 2011. The Challenge of Medical Dichotomies and the Congruent Physician–Patient Relationship in Medicine. Pages 31–43 in: Whole Person Care: A New Paradigm for the 21st Century (T. A. Hutchinson, Ed.). Springer, New York, NY.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Wader Study.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. 2014. This Is What Happens If You Wear Magnetic Items In An MRI Machine. IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018 at:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: USDA Faces Tremendous Challenges in Ensuring That Vital Public Services Are Not Disrupted. No. T-AIMD-98-167. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baker, B.R. 2012. Schizophrenia-spectrum behavior and peer responses to individuals with social anhedonia. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu, L. 2017. Fact Check: Rumors, Claims And Context on G.O.P. Health Bill. New York Times: A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Behrensmeyer 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Behrensmeyer 2006, Pearce & Moran 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pearce & Moran 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Günther et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleWader Study
ISSN (print)2058-8410

Other styles