How to format your references using the Wader Study citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Wader Study. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crow, M.M. 2011. Time to rethink the NIH. Nature 471: 569–571.
A journal article with 2 authors
Trumbore, S.E. & C.I. Czimczik. 2008. Geology. An uncertain future for soil carbon. Science (New York, N.Y.) 321: 1455–1456.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tiberti, M.M., R. Basili & P. Vannoli. 2014. Ups and downs in western Crete (Hellenic subduction zone). Scientific reports 4: 5677.
A journal article with 20 or more authors
Han, Q., T. Gao, R. Zhang, Y. Chen, J. Chen, G. Liu, Y. Zhang, Z. Liu, X. Wu & D. Yu. 2013. Highly sensitive hot electron bolometer based on disordered graphene. Scientific reports 3: 3533.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ramirez, J. 2015. Accounting for Derivatives. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Platt, U. 2008. Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy: Principles and Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Irwin, K. 2015. Redesigning Secure Protocols to Compel Security Checks (Transcript of Discussion). Pages 30–40 in: Security Protocols XXIII: 23rd International Workshop, Cambridge, UK, March 31 - April 2, 2015, Revised Selected Papers (B. Christianson, P. Švenda, V. Matyáš, J. Malcolm, F. Stajano & J. Anderson, Eds.). Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Wader Study.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014. A Man Can Hear Wi-Fi, And This Is What It Sounds Like. IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018 at:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2016. Commercial Space: FAA Should Examine How to Appropriately Regulate Space Support Vehicles. No. GAO-17-100. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Abedin, G. 2010. Exploring the potential of art-based education for adolescents with learning disabilities: A case study of engagement in learning through the arts. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. 2017. With Trump and Press: Much Heat, Little Light. New York Times: A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Crow 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Trumbore & Czimczik 2008, Crow 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Trumbore & Czimczik 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Han et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleWader Study
ISSN (print)2058-8410

Other styles