How to format your references using the Fusion Engineering and Design citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fusion Engineering and Design. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
K.A. Kelly, Atmospheric science. Wind data: a promise in peril, Science. 303 (2004) 962–963.
A journal article with 2 authors
P. Neufeld, B. Scheck, Making forensic science more scientific, Nature. 464 (2010) 351.
A journal article with 3 authors
G.A. Sword, P.D. Lorch, D.T. Gwynne, Insect behaviour: migratory bands give crickets protection, Nature. 433 (2005) 703.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
X. Zhang, X. Ge, Y. Yu, Y. Zhang, Y. Wu, Y. Luan, J. Sun, J. Qu, Z.-B. Jin, F. Gu, Identification of three novel mutations in the FRMD7 gene for X-linked idiopathic congenital nystagmus, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 3745.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. Mohanty, R. Ghosh, Planning a Scientific Career in Industry, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2010.
An edited book
W.C. Cockerham, ed., Medical Sociology on the Move: New Directions in Theory, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
G.M.Y. Hung, N.W. John, C. Hancock, T. Hoshi, Using and Validating Airborne Ultrasound as a Tactile Interface within Medical Training Simulators, in: F. Bello, S. Cotin (Eds.), Biomedical Simulation: 6th International Symposium, ISBMS 2014, Strasbourg, France, October 16-17, 2014. Proceedings, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014: pp. 30–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fusion Engineering and Design.

Blog post
D. Andrew, Both Statins And A Mediterranean-Style Diet Can Help Ward Off Heart Disease And Stroke, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Coordinating and Linking Programs Directed Toward Increasing the Numbers of Minority and Disadvantaged Individuals in the Health Professions, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R.R. Gonzaga Reed, The Impact of a Community-Based College Access Program at a Midwestern Institution, Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J.C. McKINLEY Jr, 30 Are Charged in Scam To Avoid Parking Tickets, New York Times. (2017) A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFusion Engineering and Design
AbbreviationFusion Eng. Des.
ISSN (print)0920-3796
ScopeNuclear Energy and Engineering
Civil and Structural Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
General Materials Science

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