How to format your references using the Fusion Engineering and Design citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fusion Engineering and Design. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C. Macilwain, Ocean researchers dive to deep-sea stations, Nature. 406 (2000) 449.
A journal article with 2 authors
D.N. Thomas, G.S. Dieckmann, Antarctic Sea ice--a habitat for extremophiles, Science. 295 (2002) 641–644.
A journal article with 3 authors
V.N. Kim, N. Kataoka, G. Dreyfuss, Role of the nonsense-mediated decay factor hUpf3 in the splicing-dependent exon-exon junction complex, Science. 293 (2001) 1832–1836.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S.C. Garman, B.A. Wurzburg, S.S. Tarchevskaya, J.P. Kinet, T.S. Jardetzky, Structure of the Fc fragment of human IgE bound to its high-affinity receptor Fc epsilonRI alpha, Nature. 406 (2000) 259–266.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D.J. Duffy, Finite Difference Methods in Financial Engineering, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK, 2006.
An edited book
A. Pulos, S.A. Lee, eds., Transnational Contexts of Culture, Gender, Class, and Colonialism in Play: Video Games in East Asia, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Malek, D. Peng, W. Yang, R. Balawender, A. Holas, Testing exchange – correlation functionals at fractional electron numbers, in: H. Guo, D. Xie, W. Yang (Eds.), Guosen Yan: A Festschrift from Theoretical Chemistry Accounts, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2015: pp. 21–27.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fusion Engineering and Design.

Blog post
S. Luntz, Whole Brain Use Reduces Fear, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, EOS Data Policy: Questions Remain About U.S. Commercial Access, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Li, Growth Prediction of New Fractures in the Shadows of Existing Hydraulic Fractures in Shale Gas Formations, Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Semple, D.W. Chen, In Skelos Case, a Son Whose Life Seemed to Lose Traction Early, New York Times. (2015) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFusion Engineering and Design
AbbreviationFusion Eng. Des.
ISSN (print)0920-3796
ScopeNuclear Energy and Engineering
Civil and Structural Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
General Materials Science

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