How to format your references using the Journal of Manufacturing Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Manufacturing Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rahmstorf S. A semi-empirical approach to projecting future sea-level rise. Science 2007;315:368–70.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cruz A, Green BG. Thermal stimulation of taste. Nature 2000;403:889–92.
A journal article with 3 authors
Luo ZX, Cifelli RL, Kielan-Jaworowska Z. Dual origin of tribosphenic mammals. Nature 2001;409:53–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lee JH, Holland TB, Mukherjee AK, Zhang X, Wang H. Direct observation of Lomer-Cottrell locks during strain hardening in nanocrystalline nickel by in situ TEM. Sci Rep 2013;3:1061.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Denham BE. Categorical Statistics for Communication Research. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
Jäger T, Kümmel G, editors. Private Military and Security Companies: Chances, Problems, Pitfalls and Prospects. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Raffensperger JF. The Economic Value of Dietary Supplements. In: Gerald JK, Watson RR, Preedy VR, editors. Nutrients, Dietary Supplements, and Nutriceuticals: Cost Analysis Versus Clinical Benefits, Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2011, p. 57–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Manufacturing Systems.

Blog post
Hale T. Here’s Four Edible Science Experiments You Can Try At Home. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Protest of Nonresponsive Determination. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rice HJ. Before the Storm: Evacuation Intention and Audience Segmentation. Doctoral dissertation. University of South Florida, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gurley G. London To Harlem Via Chelsea. New York Times 2013:E1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Manufacturing Systems
AbbreviationJ. Manuf. Syst.
ISSN (print)0278-6125
ScopeHardware and Architecture
Control and Systems Engineering
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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