How to format your references using the Journal of Manufacturing Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Manufacturing Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gershon D. Quantum dots show their true colours. Nature 2004;432:247.
A journal article with 2 authors
Xiong Y, Steitz TA. Mechanism of transfer RNA maturation by CCA-adding enzyme without using an oligonucleotide template. Nature 2004;430:640–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Anderson DG, Burdick JA, Langer R. Materials science. Smart biomaterials. Science 2004;305:1923–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Keshavmurthy S, Fontana S, Mezaki T, González L del C, Chen CA. Doors are closing on early development in corals facing climate change. Sci Rep 2014;4:5633.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Leuf B. The Semantic Web. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
Martienssen W, Warlimont H, editors. Springer Handbook of Condensed Matter and Materials Data. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Du K-L, Swamy MNS. Multilayer Perceptrons: Other Learning Techniques. In: Swamy MNS, editor. Neural Networks and Statistical Learning, London: Springer; 2014, p. 127–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Manufacturing Systems.

Blog post
Taub B. Sleepwalkers Who Injure Themselves Don’t Feel Pain Until They Wake Up. IFLScience 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Federal Agencies Need to Address Aging Legacy Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kweider NM. Reading comprehension among Arabic Heritage Language Learners and the Simple View of Reading model. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Photographs by GEORGE ETHEREDGE for THE NEW YORK TIMES. Fire Escapes. New York Times 2017:RE15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Manufacturing Systems
AbbreviationJ. Manuf. Syst.
ISSN (print)0278-6125
ScopeHardware and Architecture
Control and Systems Engineering
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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