How to format your references using the Journal of Manufacturing Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Manufacturing Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Ball P. Beyond the bond. Nature 2011;469:26–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Keeling MJ, Gilligan CA. Metapopulation dynamics of bubonic plague. Nature 2000;407:903–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Elsässer SJ, Allis CD, Lewis PW. Cancer. New epigenetic drivers of cancers. Science 2011;331:1145–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Swindell WR, Johnston A, Xing X, Little A, Robichaud P, Voorhees JJ, et al. Robust shifts in S100a9 expression with aging: a novel mechanism for chronic inflammation. Sci Rep 2013;3:1215.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Pandey JN. The Hilbert Transform of Schwartz Distributions and Applications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1995.
An edited book
[1]
Ghasemi A. Propagation Engineering in Wireless Communications. 1st ed. New York, NY: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Becker T. Semantic Information Processing for Multi-party Interaction. In: Matoušek V, Mautner P, editors. Text, Speech and Dialogue: 12th International Conference, TSD 2009, Pilsen, Czech Republic, September 13-17, 2009. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009, p. 14–14.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Manufacturing Systems.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Ocean Plastic Mysteriously Disappears From Oceans. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/microplastics-are-choking-our-oceans/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Los Angeles Metro Rail System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Gallegos LL. Spatiotemporal regulation of protein kinase C signaling: Control of normal cellular dynamics and mis-regulation in cancer. Doctoral dissertation. University of California San Diego, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Walsh MW. Santander to Pay $6.4 Million to Islanders in Puerto Rico Bond Settlement. New York Times 2015:B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Manufacturing Systems
AbbreviationJ. Manuf. Syst.
ISSN (print)0278-6125
ScopeHardware and Architecture
Software
Control and Systems Engineering
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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