How to format your references using the Journal of Manufacturing Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Manufacturing Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Petherick A. Development: Mother’s milk: A rich opportunity. Nature 2010;468:S5-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hespos SJ, Spelke ES. Conceptual precursors to language. Nature 2004;430:453–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yang RT, Hernández-Maldonado AJ, Yang FH. Desulfurization of transportation fuels with zeolites under ambient conditions. Science 2003;301:79–81.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lin Y, Bloodgood BL, Hauser JL, Lapan AD, Koon AC, Kim T-K, et al. Activity-dependent regulation of inhibitory synapse development by Npas4. Nature 2008;455:1198–204.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Clarke A, Thompson A, Jenkinson E, Rumsey N, Newell R. CBT for Appearance Anxiety. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons; 2013.
An edited book
Barnes DJ. Introduction to Modeling for Biosciences. London: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Kwak D, Kiris CC. Flow Solvers and Validation. In: Kiris CC, editor. Computation of Viscous Incompressible Flows, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011, p. 79–138.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Manufacturing Systems.

Blog post
Luntz S. Gravitational Lens Gives High-Energy View Of 7-Billion-Year-Old Explosion. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Higher Education: Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Trends and the Role of Federal Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kutash M. The Relationship Between Nurses’ Emotional Intelligence and Patient Outcomes. Doctoral dissertation. University of South Florida, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pols M. Out of the Ashes. New York Times 2017:BR17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Manufacturing Systems
AbbreviationJ. Manuf. Syst.
ISSN (print)0278-6125
ScopeHardware and Architecture
Control and Systems Engineering
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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