How to format your references using the Journal of Manufacturing Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Manufacturing Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grayson M. Breast cancer. Nature 2012;485:S49.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jones JDG, Dangl JL. The plant immune system. Nature 2006;444:323–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
ffrench-Constant C, Colognato H, Franklin RJM. Neuroscience. The mysteries of myelin unwrapped. Science 2004;304:688–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Crichton WA, Mezouar M, Grande T, Stølen S, Grzechnik A. Breakdown of intermediate-range order in liquid GeSe(2) at high pressure. Nature 2001;414:622–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Guillaume P. Music and Acoustics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2006.
An edited book
Rao MM. Probability Theory with Applications. vol. 582. Second Edition. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Das N, Biswas B, Khera R. Membrane-Bound Complement Regulatory Proteins as Biomarkers and Potential Therapeutic Targets for SLE. In: Lambris JD, Holers VM, Ricklin D, editors. Complement Therapeutics, Boston, MA: Springer US; 2013, p. 55–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Manufacturing Systems.

Blog post
Andrew E. Researchers Discover Huge Mega-Predator Dinosaur. IFLScience 2013. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Preserving the Interstate System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watson CA. A cultural confluence: Approaches to embedding cultural insights and inclusion throughout the marketing process. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dominus S. After The Dark, The ‘Dream.’ New York Times 2013:AR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Manufacturing Systems
AbbreviationJ. Manuf. Syst.
ISSN (print)0278-6125
ScopeHardware and Architecture
Control and Systems Engineering
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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