How to format your references using the IEEE Wireless Communications Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Wireless Communications Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Clery, “Space physics. LISA Pathfinder tests spacetime sensor,” Science, vol. 350, no. 6263, pp. 894–895, Nov. 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
Z.-Y. Tao and Y.-X. Fan, “Orthogonality breaking induces extraordinary single-mode transparency in an elaborate waveguide with wall corrugations,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 7092, Nov. 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
V. V. Cheianov, V. Fal’ko, and B. L. Altshuler, “The focusing of electron flow and a Veselago lens in graphene p-n junctions,” Science, vol. 315, no. 5816, pp. 1252–1255, Mar. 2007.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
G. L. Dollar, U. Weber, M. Mlodzik, and S. Y. Sokol, “Regulation of Lethal giant larvae by Dishevelled,” Nature, vol. 437, no. 7063, pp. 1376–1380, Oct. 2005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B. Paladino, Corporate Performance Management Best Practices. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013.
An edited book
C. Bardos and A. Fursikov, Eds., Instability in Models Connected with Fluid Flows II, vol. 7. New York, NY: Springer, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
R. Rusek and J. Colomer-Llinas, “Public Facilities Driven by Service Demand for Space,” in Advances in Human Factors and Sustainable Infrastructure: Proceedings of the AHFE 2016 International Conference on Human Factors and Sustainable Infrastructure, July 27-31, 2016, Walt Disney World®, Florida, USA, J. Charytonowicz, Ed. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016, pp. 39–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Wireless Communications Letters.

Blog post
S. Luntz, “Mathematicians Work Out Zombie Apocalypse Plan,” IFLScience, Feb. 26, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Information Technology: OMB Can Make More Effective Use of Its Investment Reviews,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-05-276, Apr. 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S. Gomez, “Support group for caregivers coping with their child diagnosed with autism: A grant proposal,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Pilon, “Jewish School Falls in Final,” New York Times, p. SP2, Mar. 04, 2012.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Wireless Communications Letters
ISSN (print)2162-2337
ScopeControl and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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