How to format your references using the IEEE Wireless Communications Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Wireless Communications Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
N. Blow, “Tissue preparation: Tissue issues,” Nature, vol. 448, no. 7156, pp. 959–963, Aug. 2007.
A journal article with 2 authors
P. J. Chirik and K. Wieghardt, “Chemistry. Radical ligands confer nobility on base-metal catalysts,” Science, vol. 327, no. 5967, pp. 794–795, Feb. 2010.
A journal article with 3 authors
P. N. Tobler, C. D. Fiorillo, and W. Schultz, “Adaptive coding of reward value by dopamine neurons,” Science, vol. 307, no. 5715, pp. 1642–1645, Mar. 2005.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J.-J. Chen, J. Meng, D.-P. Yu, and Z.-M. Liao, “Fabrication and electrical properties of stacked graphene monolayers,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 5065, May 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Z.-G. Ji, Hydrodynamics and Water Quality. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2017.
An edited book
Y. Liang, Silicon in Agriculture: From Theory to Practice. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
F. Falez and M. Papalia, “Le vie di accesso nelle artroprotesi di ginocchio di primo impianto,” in La protesi di ginocchio di primo impianto, N. Pace, Ed. Milano: Springer, 2005, pp. 63–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Wireless Communications Letters.

Blog post
S. Luntz, “Lack of Support When Coming Out Is Biggest Risk For Mental Health, Not Sexual Orientation,” IFLScience, 09-Feb-2017. .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “NASA: Compliance With Cost Limits Cannot Be Verified,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-02-504R, Apr. 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S. L. Olsen, “A Year of Sin An Experiential Exhibition of Sin,” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Anderson, “Rescuing a Film Rarity, Frame by Frame,” New York Times, p. AR12, 25-Sep-2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Wireless Communications Letters
ISSN (print)2162-2337
ScopeControl and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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