How to format your references using the IEEE Wireless Communications Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Wireless Communications Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Bornens, “The centrosome in cells and organisms,” Science, vol. 335, no. 6067, pp. 422–426, Jan. 2012.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. A. Desai and L. H. Miller, “Malaria: Protein-export pathway illuminated,” Nature, vol. 511, no. 7511, pp. 541–542, Jul. 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
T. M. Lenton, H. J. Schellnhuber, and E. Szathmáry, “Climbing the co-evolution ladder,” Nature, vol. 431, no. 7011, p. 913, Oct. 2004.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. G. Ko et al., “Line-patterning of polyaniline coated MWCNT on stepped substrates using DC electric field,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 6656, Oct. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
E. Lafontaine and M. Comet, Nanothermites. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016.
An edited book
A. D. Gordon, Ed., Programming Languages and Systems: 19th European Symposium on Programming, ESOP 2010, Held as Part of the Joint European Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2010, Paphos, Cyprus, March 20-28, 2010. Proceedings, vol. 6012. in Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 6012. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
W. Krzeszowiec and H. Gabryś, “Intracellular Movements: Integration at the Cellular Level as Reflected in the Organization of Organelle Movements,” in Mechanical Integration of Plant Cells and Plants, P. Wojtaszek, Ed., in Signaling and Communication in Plants. , Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011, pp. 91–116.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Wireless Communications Letters.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Mice Skin Got Thinner After Three Months In Space,” IFLScience. Accessed: Oct. 30, 2018. [Online]. Available:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Biotechnology: Agriculture’s Regulatory System Needs Clarification,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, RCED-86-59, Mar. 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. D. Stadalis, “Development of a Conceptual Model and Instrument for Sustaining Successful School Reculturing and Reform Efforts,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Greenhouse, “Detainee Case Will Pose Delicate Question for Court,” New York Times, p. A12, Mar. 27, 2006.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Wireless Communications Letters
ISSN (print)2162-2337
ScopeControl and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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