How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics: Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics: Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. C. Smith, “Marine biology. Expansion of the marine Archaea,” Science, vol. 293, no. 5527, pp. 56–57, Jul. 2001.
A journal article with 2 authors
G. Helffrich and S. Kaneshima, “Seismological constraints on core composition from Fe-O-S liquid immiscibility,” Science, vol. 306, no. 5705, pp. 2239–2242, Dec. 2004.
A journal article with 3 authors
K. Ye, L. Malinina, and D. J. Patel, “Recognition of small interfering RNA by a viral suppressor of RNA silencing,” Nature, vol. 426, no. 6968, pp. 874–878, Dec. 2003.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Syken, T. Grandpre, P. O. Kanold, and C. J. Shatz, “PirB restricts ocular-dominance plasticity in visual cortex,” Science, vol. 313, no. 5794, pp. 1795–1800, Sep. 2006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. M. Worth, The Association Guide to Going Global. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2010.
An edited book
P. Trinder, G. J. Michaelson, and R. Peña, Eds., Implementation of Functional Languages: 15th International Workshop, IFL 2003, Edinburgh, UK, September 8-11, 2003. Revised Papers, vol. 3145. in Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 3145. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
W.-M. Roth and L. Radford, “Developmental Possibilities in/from Activity,” in A Cultural-Historical Perspective on Mathematics Teaching and Learning, W.-M. Roth and L. Radford, Eds., Rotterdam: SensePublishers, 2011, pp. 69–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics: Systems.

Blog post
J. O`Callaghan, “The US Government Is Preparing To Approve A Private Mission To The Moon,” IFLScience, Jun. 08, 2016. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Data Center Consolidation: Agencies Making Progress, but Planned Savings Goals Need to Be Established [Reissued on March 4, 2016],” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-16-323, Mar. 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S. Banerjee, “A mathematical model for the transition in firing patterns across puberty of a gonadotropin-releasing hormone neuron,” Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. L. Dorman, “How the Writer Cathy Salustri Found ‘Old Flordia.,’” New York Times, p. TR2, Jan. 12, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics: Systems
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Syst. Man Cybern. Syst.
ISSN (print)2168-2216
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Human-Computer Interaction
Control and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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